Last updated: August 11, 2021

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Agaricus Blazei Murrill is a species of mushroom that is known internationally by many different names. The English, for example, also call Agaricus Blazei Royal Sun Agaricus (mushroom of the royal sun). Agaricus Blazei Murrill is also known as the mushroom of the gods or the mushroom of life.

This positive reputation does not come from nowhere: Agaricus Blazei has a great variety of healthy ingredients and can also be used as an alternative medicine. In our Agaricus test 2021 we tell you in detail about the much-praised miracle mushroom.




The most important facts

  • Agaricus Blazei can be taken as a fresh or dried mushroom, as a capsule, as a powder or as a tincture. All of these variants can bring a positive health effect.
  • Studies suggest that Agaricus Blazei can be supportive for a variety of diseases. These include cancer, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and hepatitis,
  • Agaricus Blazei contains a variety of healthy minerals, vitamins and amino acids and can thus make a valuable contribution to general health.

The Best Agaricus: Our Picks

Buying and evaluation criteria for Agaricus products

When buying Agaricus, you can consider various factors, such as:

By choosing the right product, you can find the best solution for your needs. You can be sure that you are not giving your body anything it doesn't need. Always look for high quality products. If you find that you need more information, you can contact the manufacturer directly.

Dosage form

Agaricus Blazei can be taken in different ways. The most common ways in which Agaricus is consumed are as follows:

  • Fresh: If you want to consume Agaricus Blazei as a fresh mushroom, you have to do a little more research. Cultivation of this mushroom is not common in Germany, but is sometimes done. In order for the mushroom to grow in Germany, it needs a rather warmer climate and is therefore cultivated in a greenhouse.
  • Dried: Imported dried mushrooms are more common. These can be used in much the same way as dried porcini, for example in a sauce or risotto.
  • Powder: In the production of Agaricus powder, dried mushrooms are finely ground. The advantage of powder is that all the ingredients of the mushroom are still contained in the same composition. Powder can be used well in cooking and added to various dishes. Another option is to dissolve some powder in a glass of water and drink it that way.
  • Capsules: The advantage of Agaricus Blazei in capsules is the consistent dosage of the ingredients. Many capsules available on the market contain Agaricus powder, Agaricus extract or a mixture of both. The agaricus extract has a higher dosage, but depending on the process, not all ingredients have been extracted evenly.
  • Tincture: The Agaricus tincture can be taken drop by drop under the tongue or dissolved in water. The tincture is a liquid extract produced with the help of alcohol. It contains one or a few ingredients of the mushroom in a highly dosed form.

Which way of taking Agaricus is the most suitable varies from individual to individual and depends mainly on how often you want to take Agaricus.

Ingredients

When it comes to Agaricus products, it makes an important difference whether you buy an Agaricus extract or the whole mushrooms, or a powder ground from them.

The medicinally important ingredients are present in equal amounts in fresh, dried and powdered mushrooms. Agaricus contains a balanced mixture of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Of particular importance are the polysaccharides, such as beta-glucan and ergosterol.

The beta-glucans are among the most medicinally significant compounds of the almond mushroom.

In Agaricus extract, it is mainly these polysaccharides that are extracted. Compared to the powder, extracts can contain up to twenty times the concentration of these ingredients. The proportion of polysaccharides in the extract is usually given as a percentage.

Tinctures also contain alcohol in addition to the vital substances. In the case of capsules, attention should be paid to the ingredients of the shell. Often the shell is made of vegetable cellulose. But not all of them are, which is why not all capsules are vegan.

Certificates can also be requested from the manufacturer confirming that there are no heavy metals, bacteria or other contaminants in the preparations.

Dosage

For the regular intake of agaricus for medicinal purposes, it is advisable to buy capsules, powder or tincture, because these can be dosed evenly.

The German Society for Vital Mushroom Science recommends initially taking the following amounts of Agaricus Blazei per day:

Body weight extract amount powder amount
Up to 65 kg 900 - 1200 mg 1500 - 2000mg
Over 65 kg about 1800 mg 2000 - 3000 mg

The dose can also be increased if necessary. The intake of Agaricus Blazei can also be combined with other medicinal mushrooms as required.

Since the medically important ingredients in extracts can be up to 20 times higher in dosage, extracts are especially recommended for already existing illness.

Agaricus powder, which actually only consists of finely ground dried Agaricus Blazei mushrooms, is more suitable for prevention when taken regularly.

When buying, it is important to check whether it is an extract or a powder, as the ingredients are dosed differently.

Origin

Originally, Agaricus Blazei Murrill comes from the hilly region of the province of Sao Paolo in Brazil.

Today, Agaricus Blazei is still cultivated mainly and to a large extent in Brazil and Asia. Other cultivation areas are the USA, Denmark and the Netherlands.

Agaricus Blazei mushrooms tend to require a warmer environment than native Agaricus species. They are also cultivated in greenhouses. Therefore, it is also possible to buy Agaricus Blazei mushrooms that have been cultivated in Germany.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about Agaricus products answered in detail

In order to provide you with comprehensive information about the ingredients and the effects of Agaricus, we have compiled the most important information for you. In addition, we answer other frequently asked questions about Agaricus in the following sections.

What is Agaricus Blazei?

Agaricus Blazei Murrill is a mushroom that belongs to the mushroom family. Great international interest in Agaricus as a medicinal mushroom has only existed for about 35 years. Originally, Agaricus Blazei Murrill comes from the hilly region of the province of São Paulo in Brazil.

Agaricus

In traditional Chinese medicine, the healing powers of vital mushrooms have been used for thousands of years. In Europe, however, interest is just beginning to blossom.
(Image source: Andrew Ridley / Unsplash)

Agaricus Blazei Murrill, ABM for short, is also known by many other names. It is also called almond mushroom, sun mushroom, Brazilian almond mushroom, Agaricus Brasiliensis, Agaricus Subrufescens or Agaricus Royal Sun.

Agaricus Blazei has become one of the most important vital mushrooms because of its health-promoting ingredients. In America and Japan, it is even approved as a cancer drug.

What are the ingredients of Agaricus Blazei?

A dried Agaricus mushroom, as well as the Agaricus powder ground from it, contains about 40 - 45 % protein, 30 - 40 % carbohydrates, 6 - 8 % dietary fibre and 3 - 4 % fats. (1)

The multiple sugars present in Agaricus Blazei, so-called polysaccharides, play an important role for health. Especially the beta-glucans are medically valuable as they regulate blood sugar, activate the immune system and lower the cholesterol level in the blood. (2)

Agaricus Blazei mushrooms also contain vitamins, minerals and amino acids that are valuable for health, which are listed in the following sections.

Vitamins

The following important vitamins are contained in Agaricus:

  • B1 (thiamine)
  • B2 (riboflavin)
  • B3 (niacin)
  • B7 (biotin)
  • B9 (folic acid)

Furthermore, Agaricus Blazei contains ergosterol, which can be converted into vitamin D by sunlight on the skin. (3)

Minerals

Agaricus Blazei also contains a selection of important minerals, including:

  • Potassium
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

Minerals are necessary for many basic bodily functions and are therefore essential for survival.

Amino acids

A total of 14 different amino acids have been detected in Agaricus Blazei. The largest amounts of the following amino acids were detected:

  • Arginine
  • Glycine
  • Glutamic acid
  • Proline
  • Alanine

In smaller amounts, Agaricus Blazei also contains threonine, serine, aspartic acid, leucine, phenylalanine, lysine, methionine, valine and tyrosine (1)

What effect does Agaricus have on health?

It is useful to take Agaricus Blazei for a variety of diseases. The ingredients of Agaricus Blazei can have the following effects in the body:

  • immune system regulating: This can help especially with autoimmune diseases such as diabetes type 1, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, rheumatism, multiple sclerosis (MS), fibromyalgia or Parkinson's disease. (4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
  • anti-allergic: This helps with allergic symptoms or allergic asthma. (9)
  • anticarcinogenic: Agaricus Blazei is well suited as a support for chemotherapy, as it can reduce the side effects and thus support the therapy. Furthermore, Agaricus can activate natural killer cells of the immune system, which can destroy cancer cells. The ergosterol contained in Agaricus Blazei stops the vascularisation of cancer sites and the formation of metastases. (2, 10)
  • antiviral, antibacterial: Agaricus Blazei can also be supportive in cases of hepatitis, herpes, HIV or flu-like infections. According to studies, Agaricus Blazei inhibits viruses already at the beginning of an infection. (11, 12)

Regular intake of Agaricus Blazei is also suitable for healthy people and can bring the following benefits:

  • lowers the cholesterol level (2)
  • is anti-inflammatory (9)
  • lowers blood sugar levels (4)
  • detoxifies the liver (13)
  • strengthens the immune system (4, 7)
  • is good for intestinal health (2)

Unfortunately, some of the positive effects of Agaricus Blazei have not yet been sufficiently proven with studies. This is mainly because studies are expensive. It is not worthwhile for larger pharmaceutical companies to invest a lot of money in research into a natural product, as natural substances cannot be patented.

When does it make sense to take Agaricus?

Agaricus Blazei can be used either preventively or as a medicine. For prevention, Agaricus Blazei is best consumed as a powder or as a dried or fresh mushroom.

The balanced combination of numerous different vitamins, minerals and amino acids has a positive effect on health.

In extracts, individual active ingredients have been extracted and are therefore present in higher concentrations. You should pay close attention to which Agaricus ingredient has been extracted and in which strength.

However, you should be careful not to rely on the effect of Agaricus alone. It often makes more sense to use Agaricus Blazei as a supportive remedy to other medicines.

How much do Agaricus products cost?

The cost of Agaricus products varies according to dosage form, quality and origin.

In the following table you will find an approximate price for the respective dosage forms of Agaricus:

dosage form price
capsules 7 - 25 euros per 30 capsules
powder about 15 euros per 100g
tincture about 50 euros per 100ml
dried mushrooms 40 - 55 euros per 500g
fresh mushrooms 12 - 30 euros per litre

If you buy capsules or powder in larger quantities, you can save money.

What types of Agaricus are there?

With Agaricus Blazei there are basically three different ways in which the mushroom can be taken:

  • As a whole mushroom (fresh or dry)
  • As powder (in capsules)
  • As extract (tincture, in capsules)

In the following, we explain the individual types with their advantages and disadvantages in more detail.

Whole mushroom

Agaricus Blazei can be used as a whole mushroom, either fresh or dried for cooking. Whole Agaricus mushrooms offer the following advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages
  • balanced nutrient ratio
  • can be used for cooking, great taste
Disadvantages
  • time-consuming preparation
  • cannot be dosed evenly
  • healing substances not present in concentrated form
  • cannot be kept for long

Because of the numerous nutrients they contain, the protein-rich agaricus mushrooms are excellent for doing something good for yourself and your body as a preventive measure.

In addition, agaricus, also known as almond mushroom, has a fragrant almond aroma. It is therefore ideal for adding flavour to sauces and soups.

Powder

To produce agaricus powder, dried mushrooms are ground into a fine powder. This offers some advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages
  • balanced nutrient ratio, can be dosed evenly
  • long shelf life
Disadvantages
  • Healing substances not present in concentrated form

The nutrients contained in dried Agaricus mushrooms are also contained in the powder. An important advantage is that the powder can be easily dosed so that the same amount of Agaricus Blazei can be taken every day. Many of the available Agaricus capsules are filled with Agaricus powder.

Extract

Extraction processes can be used to extract the nutrients of Agaricus that are particularly good for health. These are sold in up to 20-fold concentrated form as an extract.

Extracts often contain a high concentration of polysaccharides. These are said to have a positive effect on fat metabolism and the immune system.

We have compiled the advantages and disadvantages of Agaricus extract here:

Advantages
  • Healing substances present in concentrated form
  • can be dosed evenly
  • long shelf life
Disadvantages
  • Nutrient ratio not natural

Agaricus Blazei as an extract is well suited as a remedy because the healing nutrients are present here in concentrated form. Extract is mainly found in capsules or as a tincture.

What are the side effects of taking Agaricus?

Basically, there should be no side effects when taking Agaricus. However, it is also said that everything that works also has side effects. Therefore, it is not advisable to exceed the recommended daily dose of Agaricus Blazei too much.

If the recommended daily dose is adhered to, no side effects should occur.

The mushroom itself is therefore completely unproblematic in terms of side effects. It becomes more dangerous when residues such as pesticides or heavy metals are contained in the preparation.

Also, improper drying and storage could contain carcinogenic mould toxins (mycotoxins). Therefore, when buying Agaricus Blazei, you should look for good quality and possibly ask for a certificate from the manufacturer.

What alternatives are there to Agaricus?

Other vital mushrooms can also be considered as an alternative to Agaricus Blazei. We have compiled a small selection of numerous different vital mushrooms here:

  • Shiitake: The shiitake mushroom is used to treat viral diseases, cancer or as an anti-aging agent. Its lipid-lowering effect makes it a helpful remedy for arteriosclerosis, diabetes-2 and has a positive effect on cholesterol levels.
  • Reishi: The Reishi mushroom is not actually an edible mushroom and is only used as a vital mushroom. It has a positive effect on the immune system, is used as an anti-aging agent and has a regenerating and detoxifying effect.
  • Maitake: This mushroom can help especially with stress. It is good for the nerves and helps against high blood pressure. This mushroom also has a positive effect on the immune system, helps against viruses and can be used as a supplement in cancer therapy.
  • Cordyceps: Cordyceps is particularly helpful for respiratory diseases and inflammations. It can also be used as a natural stimulant to increase performance.

Depending on your needs, different vital mushrooms can be combined with each other.

Is Agaricus also suitable for dogs or cats?

Agaricus Blazei can be used for both dogs and cats. Agaricus can be used in animals for the prevention or accompaniment of cancer, autoimmune disease, allergy or heart disease.

In principle, vital mushrooms should always be given with the food. If you give the animal several different vital mushrooms at the same time, they should be given at the same time.

While medicinal herbs can be problematic, especially with cats due to their special metabolism, vital mushrooms, on the other hand, are not a problem.

Agaricus

Agaricus Blazei can also have an effect on animals. The dose should be adjusted to the body weight of the animal. (Image source: Joe Caione / Unsplash)

Basically, you add about 1 gram of agaricus powder per 10 kilograms of the animal's body weight to the feed. 1 gram of powder usually corresponds to about 250 milligrams of agaricus extract, depending on the degree of extraction.

Taking Agaricus might initially cause some flatulence and mild diarrhoea. However, this should stop after a few days, otherwise the dose can be lowered.

Image source: Cid / 123rf

References (13)

1. Cho SM, Jang KY, Park HJ, Park JS. Analysis of the Chemical Constituents of Agaricus brasiliensis. Mycobiology. 2008 Mar;36(1):50-4.
Source

2. Franz G. Polysaccharides in pharmacy: current applications and future concepts. Planta Med. 1989 Dec;55(6):493-7.
Source

3. Taofiq O, Corrêa RCG, Barros L, Prieto MA, Bracht A, Peralta RM, González-Paramás AM, Barreiro MF, Ferreira ICFR. A comparative study between conventional and non-conventional extraction techniques for the recovery of ergosterol from Agaricus blazei Murrill. Food Res Int. 2019 Nov;125:108541.
Source

4. Wei Q, Zhan Y, Chen B, Xie B, Fang T, Ravishankar S, Jiang Y. Assessment of antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of Agaricus blazei Murill extracts. Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Dec 5;8(1):332-339.
Source

5. Venkatesh Gobi V, Rajasankar S, Swaminathan Johnson WM, Prabu K, Ramkumar M. Antiapoptotic role of Agaricus blazei extract in rodent model of Parkinson's disease. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2019 Jan 1;11:12-19.
Source

6. Venkatesh Gobi V, Rajasankar S, Ramkumar M, Dhanalakshmi C, Manivasagam T, Justin Thenmozhi A, Essa MM, Chidambaram R, Kalandar A. Agaricus blazei extract abrogates rotenone-induced dopamine depletion and motor deficits by its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties in Parkinsonic mice. Nutr Neurosci. 2018 Nov;21(9):657-666.
Source

7. Lima CU, Cordova CO, Nóbrega Ode T, Funghetto SS, Karnikowski MG. Does the Agaricus blazei Murill mushroom have properties that affect the immune system? An integrative review. J Med Food. 2011 Jan-Feb;14(1-2):2-8.
Source

8. Fujimiya Y, Suzuki Y, Katakura R, Ebina T. Tumor-specific cytocidal and immunopotentiating effects of relatively low molecular weight products derived from the basidiomycete, Agaricus blazei Murill. Anticancer Res. 1999 Jan-Feb;19(1A):113-8.
Source

9. Hetland G, Tangen JM, Mahmood F, Mirlashari MR, Nissen-Meyer LSH, Nentwich I, Therkelsen SP, Tjønnfjord GE, Johnson E. Antitumor, Anti-Inflammatory and Antiallergic Effects of Agaricus blazei Mushroom Extract and the Related Medicinal Basidiomycetes Mushrooms, Hericium erinaceus and Grifolafrondosa: A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Nutrients. 2020 May 8;12(5):1339.
Source

10. Matsushita Y, Furutani Y, Matsuoka R, Furukawa T. Hot water extract of Agaricus blazei Murrill specifically inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Dec 4;18(1):319.
Source

11. Cardozo FT, Camelini CM, Mascarello A, Rossi MJ, Nunes RJ, Barardi CR, de Mendonça MM, Simões CM. Antiherpetic activity of a sulfated polysaccharide from Agaricus brasiliensis mycelia. Antiviral Res. 2011 Oct;92(1):108-14.
Source

12. Chen L, Shao HJ, Su YB. Coimmunization of Agaricus blazei Murill extract with hepatitis B virus core protein through DNA vaccine enhances cellular and humoral immune responses. Int Immunopharmacol. 2004 Mar;4(3):403-9.
Source

13. Al-Dbass AM, Al-Daihan SK, Bhat RS. Agaricus blazei Murill as an efficient hepatoprotective and antioxidant agent against CCl4-induced liver injury in rats. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2012 Jul;19(3):303-9.
Source

Why you can trust me?

Wissenschaftliche Untersuchung
Cho SM, Jang KY, Park HJ, Park JS. Analysis of the Chemical Constituents of Agaricus brasiliensis. Mycobiology. 2008 Mar;36(1):50-4.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchung
Franz G. Polysaccharides in pharmacy: current applications and future concepts. Planta Med. 1989 Dec;55(6):493-7.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Taofiq O, Corrêa RCG, Barros L, Prieto MA, Bracht A, Peralta RM, González-Paramás AM, Barreiro MF, Ferreira ICFR. A comparative study between conventional and non-conventional extraction techniques for the recovery of ergosterol from Agaricus blazei Murrill. Food Res Int. 2019 Nov;125:108541.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchung
Wei Q, Zhan Y, Chen B, Xie B, Fang T, Ravishankar S, Jiang Y. Assessment of antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of Agaricus blazei Murill extracts. Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Dec 5;8(1):332-339.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Venkatesh Gobi V, Rajasankar S, Swaminathan Johnson WM, Prabu K, Ramkumar M. Antiapoptotic role of Agaricus blazei extract in rodent model of Parkinson's disease. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2019 Jan 1;11:12-19.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Venkatesh Gobi V, Rajasankar S, Ramkumar M, Dhanalakshmi C, Manivasagam T, Justin Thenmozhi A, Essa MM, Chidambaram R, Kalandar A. Agaricus blazei extract abrogates rotenone-induced dopamine depletion and motor deficits by its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties in Parkinsonic mice. Nutr Neurosci. 2018 Nov;21(9):657-666.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Lima CU, Cordova CO, Nóbrega Ode T, Funghetto SS, Karnikowski MG. Does the Agaricus blazei Murill mushroom have properties that affect the immune system? An integrative review. J Med Food. 2011 Jan-Feb;14(1-2):2-8.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchung
Fujimiya Y, Suzuki Y, Katakura R, Ebina T. Tumor-specific cytocidal and immunopotentiating effects of relatively low molecular weight products derived from the basidiomycete, Agaricus blazei Murill. Anticancer Res. 1999 Jan-Feb;19(1A):113-8.
Go to source
Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Hetland G, Tangen JM, Mahmood F, Mirlashari MR, Nissen-Meyer LSH, Nentwich I, Therkelsen SP, Tjønnfjord GE, Johnson E. Antitumor, Anti-Inflammatory and Antiallergic Effects of Agaricus blazei Mushroom Extract and the Related Medicinal Basidiomycetes Mushrooms, Hericium erinaceus and Grifolafrondosa: A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Nutrients. 2020 May 8;12(5):1339.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Matsushita Y, Furutani Y, Matsuoka R, Furukawa T. Hot water extract of Agaricus blazei Murrill specifically inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Dec 4;18(1):319.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Cardozo FT, Camelini CM, Mascarello A, Rossi MJ, Nunes RJ, Barardi CR, de Mendonça MM, Simões CM. Antiherpetic activity of a sulfated polysaccharide from Agaricus brasiliensis mycelia. Antiviral Res. 2011 Oct;92(1):108-14.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Chen L, Shao HJ, Su YB. Coimmunization of Agaricus blazei Murill extract with hepatitis B virus core protein through DNA vaccine enhances cellular and humoral immune responses. Int Immunopharmacol. 2004 Mar;4(3):403-9.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Al-Dbass AM, Al-Daihan SK, Bhat RS. Agaricus blazei Murill as an efficient hepatoprotective and antioxidant agent against CCl4-induced liver injury in rats. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2012 Jul;19(3):303-9.
Go to source
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