Last updated: August 12, 2021

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Avocados are loved all over the world. They are excellent in many different dishes and their nutritional values make them one of the healthiest fruits in the world. Accordingly, it is explainable why the demand in Germany has increased enormously in recent years. With our big avocado test 2022, we want to help you find the right avocado for you. We explain in detail the basic knowledge about avocados and go into more detail when comparing the individual varieties. This should make your purchase decision easier.




Summary

  • The avocado is a fruit that is considered a true nutritional bomb, due to its various vitamins and minerals. It is characterised by its green or black skin and is known for its mild-creamy to nutty taste.
  • It is exported to Germany mainly from Peru, Chile or Spain. There are up to 400 different varieties worldwide, the two most popular of which in Germany are the "Hass avocado" and the "Fuerte avocado".
  • Due to the long travel distances and the high water consumption through cultivation, the increasing consumption of avocado is harmful to the environment. Consumers should make sure to buy the fruits from seasonal organic cultivation.

The best Avocado: Our Picks

Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying an avocado

What is an avocado?

An avocado, also called an avocado pear, alligator pear or butterfruit, is a fruit that belongs to the laurel family. It is oval, round or shaped like a pear and its outer skin is greenish. However, it takes on a dark colour after ripening in some varieties. In other varieties, such as the "Fuerte avocado", the skin remains green. The flesh is yellow to greenish and accounts for 63-77% of the weight. It should be noted that the fruit should be eaten raw. Numerous nutritional values are contained in the super fruit and with its unique taste it has become increasingly popular in Germany in recent years. In total, there are at least 200 different types of avocado worldwide, experts estimate the number to be over 400.

Avocado-1

Ripening skin from green to a dark purple.
(Image source: pixabay.de/skeeze)

Where does the avocado come from and where is it grown?

The avocado originates from Central America, especially Mexico and Peru, but has also been cultivated in countries like Colombia, Panama and Ecuador for about 10,000 years. It was first brought to the Caribbean and Chile, until it was spread to Africa, Malaysia, Madagascar and the Philippines in the course of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, it also began to be cultivated in the Mediterranean region. Large quantities of avocado exports began after World War II, mainly to the USA, Europe, and countries in East Asia.

What does an avocado taste like?

The avocado is characterised by a spicy, intense to nutty taste. However, this varies depending on the origin and degree of ripeness of the avocado, as there are many different varieties. If the skin can be easily pressed in, the avocado is ripe and edible. The flesh is also very creamy. When unripe, on the other hand, it is hard and inedible, with a bitterish taste. However, it is a matter of taste to eat the flesh in the medium or soft state.
Did you know that ... ... one avocado weighs about 250 to 450 grams? It also contains about 160 calories per 100 grams and 10 grams of carbohydrates, of which 7 grams are fibre. This is very beneficial for intestinal function and lowering cholesterol levels.

How much does an avocado cost?

The price of avocados in German supermarkets varies and depends on the country of origin and the quality. The price per piece for the avocado of the two most popular varieties in Germany, "Hass" and "Fuerte", varies between about 45 cents to 2.99€. Accordingly, it can get quite expensive for the super fruit lovers from time to time. In the countries where avocados are grown, the prices for the fruit are only a few cents expensive, in contrast to Germany.

What are the different varieties of avocado?

There are several hundred different varieties of avocado, with the "Hass" and the "Fuerte" avocado probably being the best known in Germany. Other avocado varieties are produced much less in comparison and are therefore less common, especially in Germany. Examples of this are the following varieties:
variety origin characteristics
Bacon Spain smooth, green skin, oval shaped
Edranol South Africa dark green, smooth skin, pear shaped
Ettinger Israel green, shiny, smooth skin
Nabal Guatemala round, smooth, green skin

What alternatives are there to the avocado?

The avocado is rather difficult to replace due to its very own taste and consistency. In terms of nutritional values, however, other foods with similar nutritional values can be used as substitutes. These substitutes include nuts and olives, for example, which are also very rich in healthy fatty acids and also have a certain number of vitamins and minerals. Pulses such as kidney beans or lentils are also very rich in fibre and provide a lot of minerals as well as protein.

Decision: Which variety of avocado is right for me?

What distinguishes a "Hass" avocado?

The green nubby skin becomes darker through the ripening process until it takes on a dark brown to black colour.
  • Green, nubby skin
  • Rather small and oval
  • Dark colour after ripening
  • Nutty, intense flavour

It is characterised by its nutty flavour and is mainly grown in Peru, Mexico, Israel, California and Spain.

What distinguishes a "Fuerte" avocado?

  • Green remaining, smooth skin
  • Pear-shaped
  • Creamy-mild, aromatic taste

The Fuerte avocado, on the other hand, is probably the best-known variety, as it is the most widespread worldwide. In contrast to the Hass avocado, it has a smooth skin that is also green, but does not darken during the ripening process. It is cultivated in South Africa, Kenya, Spain and Israel, among other places.

Avocado-3

Not all avocados are unripe with a green skin.
(Image source: pixabay.com/silverstylus)

Buying criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate avocados

Below we explain which aspects you need to consider when deciding which avocado to buy. The criteria that compare the "Hass" and "Fuerte" avocados are:

Origin

While the Hass avocado is mainly delivered to Germany from Chile and Peru, the Fuerte avocado is sourced from Spain. The avocado from Spain is transported in a lorry and has a shorter journey time. This is of course more environmentally friendly than the large amounts of carbon dioxide emitted by the long journey of the Hass avocado.

Shape

The Hass avocado has an oval shape, while the Fuerte avocado is pear-shaped. However, avocados can also deviate from these shapes and take on a round shape.

Appearance

As already explained in detail, the Hass avocado has a green skin when unripe, which takes on a dark colour when ripe. The skin is pimpled when this happens. The Fuerte avocado has a green and smooth skin that remains green even after ripening.

Taste

The taste of the Hass avocado is nutty, spicy and creamy, while the Fuerte avocado has a mild, aromatic taste. We have transferred the comparison into a table for a better overview:

Hass Fuerte
Origin Peru, Chile Spain
Shape Oval Pear-shaped
Appearance Green, nubby skin, Ripe: Dark skin Green remaining, smooth skin
Flavour Nutty, intense Mild, creamy, aromatic

Facts worth knowing about the avocado

How healthy is the avocado?

The avocado is not called a "superfood" for nothing and is considered a true nutrient bomb. It is not only rich in healthy unsaturated fatty acids, but also has a variety of different vitamins and minerals. These include:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B6
  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Magnesium

However, the calorie count of an avocado is about 160 calories per 100 grams. This is a lot of calories for fruit in proportion, which is why it should be enjoyed with need.

How much water does an avocado tree need?

Industrial cultivation and sale of the avocado may well lead to a scarcity of water resources. 1 kilogram of avocado needs about 1000 litres of water! This enormous water consumption leads to conflicts, especially in countries with problematic water supplies. This will be discussed in more detail below.

How do you eat an avocado?

As soon as the avocado has ripened, it is edible. You can test this by slightly squeezing the avocado. If the fruit yields slightly, it can be cut open and the flesh easily removed. Before cutting open the avocado, it is advisable to clean it with water, as germs can get into the flesh when cutting it open with a knife. Then remove the pit. However, if you only eat half of the avocado, you should not throw away the pit, but leave it in the second half to be stored. This will keep the rest of the avocado fresh for longer. The flesh of a ripe avocado should be soft and buttery, which is why many people simply spread the avocado on bread to eat. Another well-known dip from Mexico is "guacamole". This consists mainly of avocado and tastes very delicious!

Avocado-4

Guacamole made from avocado is a traditional dip from Mexican cuisine.
(Image source: pixabay.com/stokpic)

What are the disadvantages of eating avocado?

The environment is taking a hit due to the increasing demand for avocados. Mass production wastes vast amounts of water and the long export route, such as to Germany, damages the climate balance through emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. The high water consumption of 1000 litres per kilo of avocado is a particular problem for countries where there is little rainfall. The result is a water shortage when water has to be used from groundwater or diverted from rivers. As a result, pastures dry up, soils become saline and the ecosystem is thrown out of balance.

To counteract these problems, avocados should be consumed thoughtfully, and as regionally as possible. In this way, the high demand can be reduced and the environment can be protected at the same time.

Picture source: Puhhha/ 123rf.com

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