Avocados are loved all over the world. They are excellent in many different dishes and their nutritional values make them one of the healthiest fruits in the world. Accordingly, it is explainable why the demand in Germany has increased enormously in recent years. With our big avocado test 2022, we want to help you find the right avocado for you. We explain in detail the basic knowledge about avocados and go into more detail when comparing the individual varieties. This should make your purchase decision easier.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The best Avocado: Our Picks
- 4 Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying an avocado
- 5 Decision: Which variety of avocado is right for me?
- 6 Buying criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate avocados
- 7 Facts worth knowing about the avocado
- The avocado is a fruit that is considered a true nutritional bomb, due to its various vitamins and minerals. It is characterised by its green or black skin and is known for its mild-creamy to nutty taste.
- It is exported to Germany mainly from Peru, Chile or Spain. There are up to 400 different varieties worldwide, the two most popular of which in Germany are the "Hass avocado" and the "Fuerte avocado".
- Due to the long travel distances and the high water consumption through cultivation, the increasing consumption of avocado is harmful to the environment. Consumers should make sure to buy the fruits from seasonal organic cultivation.
The best Avocado: Our Picks
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying an avocado
What is an avocado?
Where does the avocado come from and where is it grown?
What does an avocado taste like?
How much does an avocado cost?
What are the different varieties of avocado?
|Bacon||Spain||smooth, green skin, oval shaped|
|Edranol||South Africa||dark green, smooth skin, pear shaped|
|Ettinger||Israel||green, shiny, smooth skin|
|Nabal||Guatemala||round, smooth, green skin|
What alternatives are there to the avocado?
Decision: Which variety of avocado is right for me?
What distinguishes a "Hass" avocado?
- Green, nubby skin
- Rather small and oval
- Dark colour after ripening
- Nutty, intense flavour
It is characterised by its nutty flavour and is mainly grown in Peru, Mexico, Israel, California and Spain.
What distinguishes a "Fuerte" avocado?
- Green remaining, smooth skin
- Creamy-mild, aromatic taste
The Fuerte avocado, on the other hand, is probably the best-known variety, as it is the most widespread worldwide. In contrast to the Hass avocado, it has a smooth skin that is also green, but does not darken during the ripening process. It is cultivated in South Africa, Kenya, Spain and Israel, among other places.
Buying criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate avocados
Below we explain which aspects you need to consider when deciding which avocado to buy. The criteria that compare the "Hass" and "Fuerte" avocados are:
While the Hass avocado is mainly delivered to Germany from Chile and Peru, the Fuerte avocado is sourced from Spain. The avocado from Spain is transported in a lorry and has a shorter journey time. This is of course more environmentally friendly than the large amounts of carbon dioxide emitted by the long journey of the Hass avocado.
The Hass avocado has an oval shape, while the Fuerte avocado is pear-shaped. However, avocados can also deviate from these shapes and take on a round shape.
As already explained in detail, the Hass avocado has a green skin when unripe, which takes on a dark colour when ripe. The skin is pimpled when this happens. The Fuerte avocado has a green and smooth skin that remains green even after ripening.
The taste of the Hass avocado is nutty, spicy and creamy, while the Fuerte avocado has a mild, aromatic taste. We have transferred the comparison into a table for a better overview:
|Appearance||Green, nubby skin, Ripe: Dark skin||Green remaining, smooth skin|
|Flavour||Nutty, intense||Mild, creamy, aromatic|
Facts worth knowing about the avocado
How healthy is the avocado?
The avocado is not called a "superfood" for nothing and is considered a true nutrient bomb. It is not only rich in healthy unsaturated fatty acids, but also has a variety of different vitamins and minerals. These include:
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin K1
- Vitamin B2
- Vitamin B6
However, the calorie count of an avocado is about 160 calories per 100 grams. This is a lot of calories for fruit in proportion, which is why it should be enjoyed with need.
How much water does an avocado tree need?
Industrial cultivation and sale of the avocado may well lead to a scarcity of water resources. 1 kilogram of avocado needs about 1000 litres of water! This enormous water consumption leads to conflicts, especially in countries with problematic water supplies. This will be discussed in more detail below.
How do you eat an avocado?
As soon as the avocado has ripened, it is edible. You can test this by slightly squeezing the avocado. If the fruit yields slightly, it can be cut open and the flesh easily removed. Before cutting open the avocado, it is advisable to clean it with water, as germs can get into the flesh when cutting it open with a knife. Then remove the pit. However, if you only eat half of the avocado, you should not throw away the pit, but leave it in the second half to be stored. This will keep the rest of the avocado fresh for longer. The flesh of a ripe avocado should be soft and buttery, which is why many people simply spread the avocado on bread to eat. Another well-known dip from Mexico is "guacamole". This consists mainly of avocado and tastes very delicious!
What are the disadvantages of eating avocado?
The environment is taking a hit due to the increasing demand for avocados. Mass production wastes vast amounts of water and the long export route, such as to Germany, damages the climate balance through emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. The high water consumption of 1000 litres per kilo of avocado is a particular problem for countries where there is little rainfall. The result is a water shortage when water has to be used from groundwater or diverted from rivers. As a result, pastures dry up, soils become saline and the ecosystem is thrown out of balance.
To counteract these problems, avocados should be consumed thoughtfully, and as regionally as possible. In this way, the high demand can be reduced and the environment can be protected at the same time.
Picture source: Puhhha/ 123rf.com