Last updated: August 4, 2021

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Welcome to our big baby milk test 2021. Here we present all the baby milk products that we have tested in detail. We have compiled detailed background information and added a summary of customer reviews on the internet.

We would like to make your purchase decision easier and help you find the best baby milk for you.

You will also find answers to frequently asked questions in our guide. If available, we also offer interesting test videos. In addition, you will find some important information on this page that you should be aware of when buying baby milk.




Summary

  • Basically, there are 5 different types of baby milk, which are optimally adapted to the nutritional requirements of a baby.
  • You can compare and evaluate baby milk on the basis of four purchase factors. When buying, you should pay close attention to quality, type, nutrients, allergens and additives.
  • It is important to make sure that you do not make your own baby milk, otherwise important nutrients for your baby's development could be missing. Doctors and experts always recommend breastfeeding because breastfeeding supports the baby's immune system and brain development.

The Best Baby Milk in the United Kingdom: Our Picks

Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying baby milk.

At what age should you start with baby milk?

Depending on the developmental stage of your baby, certain contents of baby milk are less or more suitable for the child. Babies' digestion must not be overloaded, so choosing the right baby milk is very important.

Baby

Baby milk is very important for the healthy development of your baby. That's why you should pay special attention to the right product. (Image source: pexels.com / Daniel Reche)

Basically, your baby is fed breast milk for the first four months. This is because precious breast milk contains all the important nutrients such as fat, protein, carbohydrates and an important number of vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which are very important for your baby's growth.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that mothers breastfeed for up to 6 months and then combine complementary foods with breastfeeding until the child is 2 years old. Of course, mothers can breastfeed longer.

But there are many women who cannot breastfeed for medical reasons or who decide against breastfeeding because of suction confusion and breast infections. .

To prevent breastfeeding confusion, you can buy breast-like nipples so that you can switch between breast and bottle feeding. You can also use breast pumps if you want to give your baby breast milk without having to breastfeed.

But breastfeeding has many positive aspects for both baby and mother. The baby is provided with all the essential nutrients and vitamins. The risk of infectious diseases is reduced. But mothers also benefit from breastfeeding. For mothers, it can reduce the risk of ovarian and breast cancer.

However, if a mother decides against breastfeeding, this is to be accepted and does not give any reason for concern. In Germany, the manufacturers of baby milk are subject to strict EC guidelines and dietary regulations, so that baby milk is very similar to breast milk and also contains the many necessary nutrients and vitamins.

What types of baby milk are there?

The months in which you start with baby milk depend on how you and your baby feel. There is a wide range of baby milks, so many mothers don't know exactly which one is right for their baby.

There is a suitable baby milk for each stage of development. Pre and the 1 food are intended for the first months of life. They are similar in consistency to breast milk.

Baby milk Age Special features
Pre food From birth For babies in the development phase, most similar to breast milk, only source of carbohydrates is lactose
1er food From birth Also for babies in the early stages, contains more carbohydrates such as starch, is digested more slowly. Caution: May be more likely to cause constipation.
Follow-on milk 2 From 6 months More starch than 1 milk, added flavours and other additives, but satiates babies better
Follow-on milk 3 From the end of the first year of life is an alternative to cow's milk, but can also contain many flavours, high starch content _COPY0
HA milk From birth for babies at risk of allergies, reduces allergy risk, is low in allergens

Follow-on milk 2 and follow-on milk 3 are recommended after the 6th month. The combination of different carbohydrates, which are digested at different times, keeps your baby fuller for longer. If you want to feed your baby follow-on milk, you should already have started with complementary feeding

HA milk is a hypoantigenic baby milk. The protein content of HA milk has been broken down by a special process so that no allergic reactions can occur in the baby. HA milk has a rather bitter taste, which is caused by the splitting of the proteins in the infant milk.

Does your baby not accept the taste of HA milk? Then wait a few days, most children get used to the bitter taste. If it does not get better, we recommend that you consult your paediatrician or family doctor to discuss further steps.

When buying formula milk, it is important to avoid artificial sugars and fruit flavours in your baby's milk. If your baby gets used to sugary baby milk, it will be difficult to break the habit later on.

How much does baby milk cost?

There is a wide price range between baby milk manufacturers. Depending on the amount of content and the brand, baby milk costs between 10 and 30 euros. Standard baby milk is available for as little as 10 euros. Premium products cost over 20 euros.

Type of baby milk Price range
Initial milk (Pre and 1) Between 5 and 20 euros
Follow-on milk (2 and 3) Between 10 and 30 euros
HA milk Between 20 and 30 euros

Of course, prices differ between pharmacies, discounters or supermarkets. But on average, the prices of baby milk manufacturers are within this price range.

What alternatives are there to baby milk?

Doctors and experts advise parents not to make their own baby milk because they usually lack important nutrients and vitamins that contribute to the baby's healthy development.

Therefore, we advise you to buy breast milk or tested baby milk from our researched shops. If you still want to find another alternative to baby milk, we advise you to discuss this with your paediatrician or parent counsellor.

Decision: What types of baby milk are there and which is the right one for you?

Basically, we distinguish between these types of baby milk:

  • Breast milk
  • Pre milk
  • 1s baby milk
  • 2s milk and 3s milk
  • HA food

In the following, we explain the different types and their advantages and disadvantages. In this way, we want to help you find the best baby milk for you.

What distinguishes breast milk and what are its advantages and disadvantages?

Breast milk is and remains the best food for your baby. It contains all the important nutrients and vitamins your baby needs to grow up healthy.

Advantages
  • Always available
  • Free, parents save money
  • Perfect temperature
  • Little effort
  • Contains all nutrients
  • Breast milk adapts to nutritional needs
  • Hygienic
  • Emotional bond between mother and child
Disadvantages
  • Inflammation of the breast
  • Mothers often confused because they do not know how much the child has drunk
  • Mothers must pay attention to nutrition.

Breast milk is at an optimal temperature, free and available at any time, and contains an optimal composition of the most important nutrients and vitamins.

What distinguishes Pre milk and what are its advantages and disadvantages?

Pre baby milk is suitable for the first 4 to 6 weeks of a baby's life. Pre milk consists only of lactose and is closest to breast milk in its nutrient composition. However, babies can also be fed with pre-milk until the first year of life.

Advantages
  • Very similar to breast milk
  • For the first months of life and the entire first year of life
  • Can be fed in any quantity
Disadvantages
  • Not as filling as other types of baby milk
  • more liquid than other types of milk

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the 1 baby milk?

Contrary to the simple lactose, the 1er milk also contains starch, so that the baby milk becomes thicker and creamier to better satiate the baby. This can be a great advantage for the parents, as the time span and the feeling of hunger are postponed and thus the baby sleeps better through the night.

Advantages
  • Satiates longer, longer digestion process
  • For the first months of life and the entire first year of life
Disadvantages
  • Addition of further carbohydrates in the form of maltose, maltodextrin or starch
  • Additionally sweetened

What distinguishes 2-milk and 3-milk and what are their advantages and disadvantages?

2's and 3's milk are follow-on baby milks. They are not absolutely necessary. It is up to the parents themselves to decide whether to feed their baby the follow-on milk.

This baby milk should only be fed to the baby from the 5th month, as the nutrient composition and ingredients are not yet suitable for the digestion of newborns.

Advantages
  • Satiates longer
  • Tastes sweeter
Disadvantages
  • High calorie content, Often artificial additives
  • Added sugar
  • High protein content, Risk of obesity
  • Dental damage (caries) due to sugar content

The 2s and 3s baby milks also differ in their higher nutrient and calorie content. This infant milk has a higher protein content and can overload the kidneys of newborns. Therefore, it is important to read and follow the manufacturer's consumption recommendations carefully.

What distinguishes HA foods and what are their advantages and disadvantages?

HA baby milk (special food) is a special milk for children at risk of allergies. A special process has been used to break down the milk protein into pieces to prevent the baby from having an allergic reaction. HA milk is available as pre-milk, 1-milk and follow-on milk.

Advantages
  • For allergy babies
  • Especially low in antigens
  • Prevention of allergies
Disadvantages
  • Tastes a little bitter

Buying criteria: These are the factors you can use to compare and rate baby milks

In the following, we will show you which criteria you can use to compare and evaluate baby milk. This will make it easier for you to get an overview and decide on a suitable and effective product.

In summary, these are the following criteria:

  • Quality/processing
  • Varieties (Pre and 1, Follow-on milk 2 and 3, HA food)
  • Nutrients
  • Allergens and additives

In the following, you can read about the respective criteria and find out why it makes sense for you to purchase a product based on the criteria or not.

Quality/processing

When buying baby milk, the quality of the milk and how it has been processed are of the highest priority. Therefore, you should pay close attention to the quality when buying baby milk.

You can compare the quality by looking for special quality seals such as the organic seal or the association seal. A baby milk manufacturer without a seal does not necessarily have to be bad, but with a strictly tested baby milk product you are on the safe side.

With the quality seals, you can be sure that the product complies with the EU organic regulation, that organic ingredients have been used and that strict controls have been carried out by special testing institutes.

When buying, also look out for the quality guarantee of the manufacturer, which can be found on most packaging or on the website.

The quality guarantee assures you that only carefully selected ingredients are used in the production of baby milk and that production and manufacturing are carried out and checked according to strict German standards. However, the guarantee of baby milk quality may differ from manufacturer to manufacturer.

Varieties

As already explained in the decision section, there are different types of baby milk. There is the pre- and 1er milk (initial milk), which is fed to the newborn during the first 5 months of life. These types of milk are closest to breast milk and can be given to the baby as needed throughout the year.

Experts recommend that parents only give 2 and 3 baby milks (follow-on milks) from the 5th month of life onwards, as these have a high protein content which the baby's body cannot yet process optimally.

Many mothers stand in front of the supermarket shelf and don't really know which baby milk is the right one for their baby. Therefore, we advise you to read the small print of the manufacturer carefully or to consult your paediatrician or midwife.

Nutrients

Baby milk has undergone years of research and strict controls. That's why you can't go wrong by feeding high-quality baby milk. The composition of all the important nutrients such as protein, fats and carbohydrates, as well as vitamins, have been carefully balanced.

Baby mit Flasche

Your baby is still very sensitive. That's why you should make sure that your baby's milk contains all the important nutrients. (Picture source: 123rf.com / 47999501)

The baby's intestinal tract is not yet developed and is therefore very sensitive. To support the development of the intestinal flora, the lactic acid contained in baby milk helps.

Allergens and additives

If your baby suffers from a cow's milk allergy, you should pay close attention to allergens and additives in baby milk. Manufacturers are subject to strict EU guidelines, so additives such as colourings, flavourings or preservatives are strictly prohibited.

Baby milk often contains allergens such as lactose and soybeans. They can trigger allergic reactions in the baby. The consequences of an allergy are often manifested by complaints in the gastrointestinal tract (flatulence, stomach pains, colic, ...), on the skin (eczema, neurodermatitis, rash, ...) or complaints in the respiratory tract (cough, asthma, hoarseness, runny nose, ...).

If you notice an allergic reaction in your baby, we advise you to discuss the next steps with your paediatrician. He or she will tell you exactly what to do in case of allergies. But don't worry, allergies are treatable and special allergen-free milks are available for allergy babies.

Facts worth knowing about baby milk

How do I prepare baby milk formula properly?

If your baby is bottle-fed, it is important that the baby milk is prepared correctly. That's why we'll show you a 5-step-by-step guide to preparing baby milk below.

Important: Before you prepare the baby milk, you should wash your hands. Your baby is still sensitive to germs and bacteria, so cleanliness and hygiene are a top priority.

Step 1: Prepare the ingredients
The ingredients for preparing baby milk are a formula pack, 2 bottles, teat with sealing ring, sealing plate, funnel and also a thermometer for optimal temperature measurement. The baby milk should be warm, so we still need a kettle.

The kettle is needed to boil the water to kill bacteria and germs. Of course, you can also buy special baby water from the supermarket that has already been boiled. If you use tap water, it should be really fresh.

Tip: Boil water every day and put it in a thermos flask. This way you have warm and germ-free water for when you are on the go.

Step 2: Prepare water and milk powder
The next step is to check the packaging to see how much water and powder you need to prepare. The amount of water and milk powder depends on the desired amount of the finished baby milk.

For 200 ml of formula, you need 180 ml of water and 6 tablespoons of milk powder. Pour the hot water into the first bottle and measure the amount. Then check the temperature (min. 40°C and max. 50°C). The temperature of the baby milk plays an important role in preserving the important nutrients.

Step 3: Decant the water
Pour 2/3 of the water from the first bottle into the second bottle (about 120 ml). Put the milk powder funnel on the second bottle to support it.

Step 4: Add the baby milk powder
Next, take 6 tablespoons of powdered milk and mix it with the water in the second bottle. Close the bottle with the cap and shake it firmly.

Step 5: Measure the optimal drinking temperature
Has the milk powder dissolved well in the baby bottle? Then you can add the remaining amount of water from the first bottle. The optimum temperature is 37°C. You can check this with a thermometer or with the inside of your forearm.

Tip: Teats and bottles should always be cleaned hygienically. We recommend that you buy a large number of bottles and caps.

What can I use to prepare baby milk?

In the first 6 months of life, there are a few things for parents to consider. Please always prepare the baby bottle with boiled water in the first few months.

Whether you use tap water or mineral water is up to you. The only important thing is that the water is free of germs and bacteria. So please boil it thoroughly!

If you use tap water, you should boil it a little longer (approx. 5 minutes), as the tap or pipes can often be contaminated.

When preparing mineral water, we recommend that you use mineral water that is suitable for preparing baby food. You should also boil the water in the water bottles.

If you want to save yourself the trouble, you can buy ready-boiled baby water in many supermarkets, pharmacies and drugstores. You can also use it to mix juices and tea.

How long can you store baby milk?

Milk formula that you have prepared freshly should always be fed to your baby straight away, as otherwise dangerous germs or bacteria can develop. You should feed the opened milk powder contents within 3 weeks, as the freshness and flavour protection is lost when the package is opened.

You can use airtight storage boxes for storage. Of course, there are also special storage containers for powdered milk in various online shops.

Can I reheat the baby milk?

If your baby doesn't finish the bottle right away, we advise you to prepare a new bottle every now and then, because the warm baby bottle is a haven for germs and bacteria.

Freshly prepared milk is important because your baby's immune system is vulnerable and still developing. A child's immune system develops in the first 3 years of life.

Your baby's immune system has to learn how to deal with the many viruses and bacteria in the world. In the mother's womb, the unborn are still protected by the so-called "nest protection".

This nest protection lasts until the 4th to 6th and at most until the 9th month of life. The baby's body is already busy with many other viruses, so the bottle and its accessories should always be sterile.

What should I do if baby milk is prepared too hot?

The optimal temperature of the bottle is 37 °C. However, when preparing baby milk, it can often happen that it becomes too hot. If the baby milk is too hot, simply hold it under cold running water or add some cold water.

It is better if the milk is too cold than too hot, because milk that is too hot burns the baby's throat. Is your milk too cold? Then you can use a bottle warmer or add some hot water.

What should I do if baby milk leaks back out of my mouth?

If the baby's milk leaks back at the beginning of the feed, the cap may be under the baby's tongue. To prevent this, make sure that the bottle cap is above and in the middle of the tongue.

However, if the baby milk runs out of the mouth after feeding, it may simply be that your baby has had enough and is full.

When should I change the baby milk?

If you notice that your baby wakes up several times during the night, you can change from the Pre or 1 milk to the Follow-on milk 2. It contains more nutrients and is higher in calories.

Depending on the manufacturer, sugar or maltodextrin may also be added. Please note that the follow-on milk should only be fed from 5 months of age. The 3-pack follow-on milk is intended for use from 12 months of age. It can be fed to the baby in addition to the normal complementary food.

How can I wean off baby milk?

At some point, it is time for your baby to say goodbye to the milk he or she has grown to love. For many babies, the baby bottle serves as a sleep aid, but to the detriment of their teeth.

In the second year of life, a toddler can still have 1 or 2 bottles of milk a day if he or she wants to. But by the third year at the latest, children should be completely weaned off the bottle.

Tip: Wean your child off the bottle by giving unsweetened tea or water instead of baby milk. But be careful; even unsweetened tea or water can lead to tooth damage. The saliva in the mouth is diluted by the water and loses its cleaning function, resulting in tooth decay.

Has your baby already got used to the nightly bottle? The important thing here is to wean with love but with consistency. The more consistent you are, the quicker the weaning from baby milk will go. As an alternative to the bottle, you can try a cuddle cloth or dummy.

Fairy tales such as the "bottle fairy" are also a good way to wean your baby off the bottle. Tell your baby, wrapped up in an imaginative story, that the bottle fairy transforms the nightly bottle into a cup and waits eagerly for your baby to drink from it.

Children love stories and they want to be close to mum and dad, so a story is perfect for weaning baby off milk, as you can use a fantasy story to distract your child from the nightly baby bottle.

Picture source:123rf.com / 32228811

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