Last updated: August 11, 2021

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Have you ever heard of bitter orange peel, but don't know exactly what this superfood can do? Then you've come to the right place. We explain in detail what bitter orange peel is, who it is suitable for, what effects are attributed to it and much more. We are pleased that you have found your way to our big bitter orange peel test 2021. In the coming sections, we will introduce you to the best bitter orange peel products, answer the most important questions before buying and work out buying and evaluation criteria so that you can find the best product for you.




The most important facts in a nutshell

  • The bitter orange is a citrus plant and is also called bitter orange, Seville orange or sour orange. The fruit is similar to oranges but more bitter and smaller and is often used in natural medicine.
  • The bitter orange peel contains vitamins, bitter substances, minerals, phenolic compounds and terpenoids and is therefore a natural and herbal remedy in its pure form
  • Pomeranian peel products are often used for appetite stimulation, digestive problems, anxiety, insomnia and general restlessness and can work through aromatherapy, oral ingestion or skin absorption.

The Best Bitter Orange Peel: Our Picks

Buying and evaluation criteria for bitter orange peel products

When buying bitter orange peel, you can look at different aspects, such as:

By making the right choice for you, you can save money and also ensure that you don't give your body anything it doesn't need. Therefore, always look for high quality and, if necessary, ask to see the manufacturer's certificates.

Dosage form

When it comes to the form of presentation, a distinction is made between dried bitter orange peel, which is used whole for further processing, cut for teas and finely grated for seasoning various dishes.

The bitter orange peel is available in liquid, dry and capsule form.

There are also liquid forms containing bitter orange peel, such as essential oils, essences, tinctures or extracts. These are developed for oral ingestion, for fragrance purposes or for rubbing on the skin. Besides the dried and liquid dosage form, there are also capsules. These usually contain, among other things, components of the bitter orange and are often used for digestion or appetite stimulation. The dosage form is definitely reflected in the price. Tea is available in smaller packages, which means you have to buy it more often for a lower price. Meanwhile, you'll pay a little more for capsules once, but won't have to worry about refills for a few weeks afterwards.

Dosage

Especially with capsules, but also with tea, the proportions of bitter orange peel and other bitter orange peel products such as the pulp or the flowers can differ greatly. Find out the recommended dose beforehand to find the most suitable product for you and your symptoms. Also, if you drink a lot of coffee or other caffeinated products, consult a doctor about the dosage. Taking a lot of caffeine and bitter orange peel ingredients can lead to side effects. You can find out more about this in our guide.

High-quality and regionally produced bitter orange products can lead to a higher price.

For tea, the dosage means the number of teaspoons to be brewed in hot water. Usually it is 1-2 heaped tablespoons.

Duration of use

Pomeranze is in itself a natural product with natural ingredients, so it is usually safe to take. The existing ingredients of bitter orange peel such as vitamins, minerals, bitter substances, phenolic compounds and terpenoids are present in various foods and are supplied to the body on a daily basis. In the case of concentrated and thus above-average quantities, attention should nevertheless be paid to a shorter duration of use, as such high quantities are not part of the normal daily intake. Tea is less harmful than capsules or essential oils because tea is usually mixed with other herbs or plants and thus contains lower doses. However, it is always advisable to consult a pharmacist or doctor for advice on dosage and duration of use.

Intended use

It is important to match the bitter orange products to the intended use in order to find the right product. The uses are limited to the following problems:

  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Digestive problems
  • Appetite stimulation
  • Relaxation

Below you will find a more detailed explanation of the symptoms: If you want to use bitter orange products to help you sleep calmly and relaxed, then a bitter orange peel tea is probably useful. This can be drunk before going to bed and leads to relaxation. If you use bitter orange to counteract digestive problems or to stimulate your appetite, then extracts or capsules are probably right for you. If you don't mind the bitter taste of bitter orange or even like it, we recommend the liquid form. Otherwise, you can also go for the capsules. Another common use is for relaxation. Here, the bitter orange peel can also help with its relaxing aroma by evaporating essential oil using a candle.

Package size

With bitter orange products, you should always pay attention to the package size and choose it in relation to your intended use. You can often buy tea and capsules in stock packs, which also come at a lower price. However, if you want to try the product first, we advise you to buy a smaller pack so as not to waste too much.

The pack size can vary depending on the intended use.

Pomeranian peel in liquid form, such as essential oils, are usually used up very slowly, so they usually come in uniform sizes of 100 millilitres. Another criterion to consider in relation to the package size is the shelf life. This can vary from product to product, but bitter orange peel products in dried, liquid and capsule form usually last for several years.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about bitter orange peel products answered in detail

In order to inform you comprehensively about the effectiveness of bitter orange peel and to give you an understanding of the current state of science, we have summarised all the important information in the following sections.

What is bitter orange peel and how does it work?

The bitter orange peel, also commonly known as bitter orange peel, is usually used as an acidifier or flavouring agent. However, bitter orange peel in its pure form can also release a variety of biological and health benefits. Thus, this peel can be used to treat various diseases (1).

The bitter orange peel is the dried peel of the bitter orange.

The biological properties of bitter orange peel include anti-cancer, anti-anxiety, anti-obesity, anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, pesticidal and anti-diabetic activities. In addition, both the extract and the isolated compounds can be safely used in various forms of food (1).

Pomeranzenschale-1

Besides the German name Bitter Orange, the bitter orange is also called 'Seville Orange' or 'Sour Orange'. (Image source: Hans / pixabay).

The bitter orange peel contains a small amount of essential oils, in which up to 100 different effective components have been detected. The expected effect of bitter orange peel is due to the following ingredients:

  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Bitters
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Terpeniode

Among the various components of bitter orange peel, flavonoids, which belong to the phenols, have also been recognised as important due to their health benefits (1). The peel of the bitter orange is rich in chemical compounds that are also of interest to the perfume, fragrance and cosmetics industries. For this reason, bitter orange peel has been studied in detail over the last decades (2). In the following, the use of bitter orange peel for loss of appetite, digestive complaints and sleep problems will be discussed in more detail.

Use for loss of appetite

Bitter orange extract is used in weight management products because of its effects on metabolic processes. The flavonoids stimulate the digestive juices in the mouth and stomach and can thus lead to an increased appetite (3). The bitter substances cause the receptors of the tongue to be stimulated, which then command the brain to stimulate the salivary and gastric juice glands. Thus, a little more saliva and gastric juice is produced, which leads to increased hunger. For loss of appetite, we recommend drops. These are usually a little higher dosed than teas and can therefore work faster and better on the receptors of the tongue.

Use for digestive complaints

Pomeranian peel products can also help with digestive complaints and relieve symptoms. The essential oils present in bitter orange peel irritate the stomach walls, causing the movements in the stomach and intestines to increase slightly. Absorbed food can then pass through the digestive tract more quickly (4).

Pomeranzenschale-2

The essential oils and bitter substances of the bitter orange peel help your body to have a healthy digestion. (Image source: silviarita / pixabay).

Furthermore, the bitter substances cause the formation of more acidic digestive juices, which means that food components can be digested more quickly. Symptoms of digestive problems such as cramps, flatulence or bloating can thus be alleviated by the peel of the bitter orange and the quality of digestion can be improved.

Use for sleep disorders, anxiety and general restlessness

Bitter orange peel is also used for nervousness, anxiety and other states of agitation as well as for insomnia. The bitter substances provide a pleasant and relaxed feeling and thus relieve stress (5).

Pomeranian peel can be used for insomnia, anxiety and epilepsy (5).

Aromatherapy with bitter orange oil can help with anxiety and nervousness. Just inhaling the bitter orange peel extract can have a restorative effect. Especially for those who have trouble falling asleep, however, we recommend a bitter orange peel tea. The warmth of the tea can have a calming effect on the body, which can be intensified by the ingredients of the bitter orange peel and possibly other herbs and plants.

When and for whom is it useful to take bitter orange peel?

Bitter orange is used as a mild sedative for its calming and motor relaxation effects, prolongs insomnia, reduces anxiety symptoms, improves mood and created a sense of well-being (6). A review of several published and unpublished studies conducted on humans also states that a slight increase in weight loss, increased metabolic rate and increased energy expenditure were observed due to the ingredients of bitter orange peel (7). However, bitter orange peel helps with many ailments, and we have listed the most important symptoms for which bitter orange peel therapy might work:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Digestive problems
  • Insomnia
  • Respiratory problems
  • Stomach problems
  • Nervousness
  • Worm infestation
  • Cramps
  • Fever

The intake of bitter orange peel is considered safe and no side effects have been observed. Therefore, this form of therapy can be used in children and adults as well as in breastfeeding or pregnant women. (1, 8) .

Did you know that according to a study with pregnant women, bitter orange peel can relieve labour pain? This method is often recommended for reducing labour pain because it is inexpensive, easy to use and non-invasive (8).

In addition, the essential oil extracted from bitter orange peel can be used to treat mosquito bites on the skin. According to a study, components of the essential oil are effective in fighting mosquitoes. This also provides a little more protection against the transmissible diseases of mosquitoes. (9) . If you have been suffering from one or more of the above symptoms for a long time, you can think about a therapy with bitter orange peel in pure dried form, extracted form, tea form or oil form.

What products can be obtained from bitter orange peel?

Mainly the peel of the bitter orange is processed for bitter orange peel products. However, in some products, mainly in teas, the blossoms are also processed. In extracts, essences and oils, the pulp is also often used. However, these products differ in terms of their natural medicinal effect. There are products that are produced because of their taste or smell and products that are said to have a herbal medicinal effect. The most important products are listed below:

  • Bitter orange jam and marmalade
  • Liqueur of bitter orange
  • Bitter orange spices
  • essential oils for aromatherapy
  • Bitter orange tea
  • Bitter orange capsules as a food supplement

In addition, you can use the skin of the bitter orange or nicely cut slices as a wonderful decoration on your dishes. Whether you like the slightly bitter taste depends on the type.

What types of bitter orange peel are there?

There are now a relatively large number of bitter orange peel products, all of which differ in shape. The most common forms are bitter orange peel products in dry form, in liquid form and bitter orange peel in capsules. A detailed description of these products can be found in the following table:
Type Description
Pomeranian peel in dry form You can find bitter orange peel products in dried form, cut, grated or whole. You can also buy or make your own very fine bitter orange peel shoots, which are suitable for seasoning dishes. However, bitter orange peel in dry form is mostly used for tea and mixed with other dried flowers and plants.
Liquids of bitter orange peel are usually offered as essential oils, extracts or essences. These are mostly products for inhalation, which serve to calm the body, or products for rubbing in. Sometimes you can also find drops of bitter orange peel which orally stimulate digestion and appetite. Furthermore, juices can be found that use the entire bitter orange fruit for processing.
Capsules of bitter orange peel In addition to liquid and dry bitter orange peel, there are also capsules containing bitter orange peel. These are mostly intended for natural medicinal purposes and are intended to be easy to handle and to avoid the bitter taste.

If you want to use bitter orange for medicinal purposes, it can also be helpful to take products of several forms. However, one should always pay attention to the recommended average daily dose. Also, you can make many of these forms yourself. You can simply dry the peel of the bitter orange and use it as a spice or tea, as well as obtain a bitter orange oil through distillation processes.

How should bitter orange peel be dosed and what is the duration of use?

Normal and increased daily doses were investigated in several studies. It could be recognised that a frequent intake of bitter orange extracts does not lead to cardiovascular effects. These evaluations have shown that bitter orange extract can be safely used in food supplements and foods at the doses commonly used. (10) .

There is no evidence that bitter orange ingredients affect the heart, liver, kidneys or thyroid at doses up to 100 milligrams per day (10).

With regard to the duration of use, no clear recommendation can be given as the ingredients of pure bitter orange are of natural origin and do not contain any chemical additives. Since the intake is classified as relatively harmless, bitter orange peel products can also be taken over a longer period of time. However, this should always be clarified with a doctor in case of prolonged use. It should be remembered that many people consume bitter orange peel ingredients on a daily basis in the form of citrus juices and foods as well as food supplements without any known or obvious side effects (10).

What are the alternatives to bitter orange peel?

The pulp or flowers of the bitter orange can be used instead of bitter orange peel. A brief summary of the uses of these two alternatives can be found below:
Alternative Description
Fruit pulp of bitter orange The bitter fruit pulp of bitter orange can also have a digestive effect and stimulate the appetite. However, the effects are less than those of the peel and relatively few studies have been conducted.
The flowers of the bitter orange are used, for example, in digestion-regulating teas and are usually mixed with the peel. In addition, neroli oil is extracted from the flowers, which can lighten the mood and promote falling asleep.
Stomach bitters Furthermore, the natural remedy stomach bitters leads to similar effects. Stomach bitters or herbal bitters are spirits that can have a positive effect on digestion. For this reason, the non-alcoholic variant, bitter orange peel, is more commonly used, especially for children.

In addition to these alternatives, there are other similar superfoods, which, however, have a different effect on each person and thus do not have uniform effects.

What side effects can occur?

The use of bitter orange peel products is considered relatively harmless and therefore has few side effects. (10) . We have listed some of these rare side effects here:

  • Skin irritations due to direct skin contact (mostly due to essential oils)
  • Stomach inflammation due to increased acid production at high daily doses
  • increased sensitivity to light
  • the component naringin contained in the bitter orange can inhibit the breakdown of certain medicines
  • in combination with caffeine, it can lead to cardiovascular disorders (11).

However, these side effects are relatively rare because the ingredients of bitter orange are of natural origin and are therefore often unknowingly absorbed through the normal diet.

Conclusion

Pomeranian peel is a healthy and natural alternative for various complaints such as insomnia, loss of appetite, general restlessness or digestive problems. The bitter orange peel is available in many different dosage forms and is considered relatively harmless, but should still be taken in a healthy amount and not over long periods of time. In our big bitter orange peel test 2021, we wanted to help you find the best product for you and answer any questions you may have. We hope that you now have a better overview of the bitter orange peel and that nothing stands in the way of your purchase. Image source: Tanaka / 123rf

References (11)

1. Suntar I, Khan H., Patel S., Celano R., Rastrelli L. Ein Überblick über Citrus aurantium L .: Seine Funktionen als Lebensmittelzutat und Therapeutikum. Oxid Med Cell Longev . 2018; 2018: 7864269. Veröffentlicht 2018 2. Mai doi: 10.1155 / 2018/7864269
Source

2. González-Mas MC, Rambla JL, López-Gresa MP, Blázquez MA, Granell A. Flüchtige Verbindungen in Citrus Ätherische Öle: A Comprehensive Review. Front Plant Sci . 2019; 10: 12. Veröffentlicht 2019 5. Februar doi: 10.3389 / fpls.2019.00012
Source

3. Stohs SJ, Preuß HG, Shara M. Ein Überblick über die klinischen Studien am Menschen mit Citrus aurantium (Bitterorange) -Extrakt und seinem primären Protoalkaloid p-Synephrin. Int J Med Sci . 2012; 9 (7): 527 & ndash; 538. doi: 10.7150 / ijms.4446
Source

4. Lv X, Zhao S., Ning Z. et al. Zitrusfrüchte als Schatzkammer aktiver natürlicher Metaboliten, die möglicherweise Vorteile für die menschliche Gesundheit bieten. Chem Cent J . 2015; 9: 68. Veröffentlicht am 24. Dezember 2015 doi: 10.1186 / s13065-015-0145-9
Source

5. Carvalho-Freitas MI, Costa M. Anxiolytic and sedative effects of extracts and essential oil from Citrus aurantium L. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Dec;25(12):1629-33. doi: 10.1248/bpb.25.1629. PMID: 12499653.
Source

6. Dosoky NS, Setzer WN. Biologische Aktivitäten und Sicherheit von Citrus spp. Essentielle Öle. Int J Mol Sci . 2018; 19 (7): 1966. Veröffentlicht 2018 Jul 5. doi: 10.3390 / ijms19071966
Source

7. Stohs SJ, Preuss HG, Shara M. A review of the human clinical studies involving Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) extract and its primary protoalkaloid p-synephrine. Int J Med Sci. 2012;9(7):527-38. doi: 10.7150/ijms.4446. Epub 2012 Aug 29. PMID: 22991491; PMCID: PMC3444973.
Source

8. Namazi M., Amir Ali Akbari S., Mojab F., Talebi A., Alavi Majd H., Jannesari S. Auswirkungen von Citrus Aurantium (Bitterorange) auf die Schwere der Wehenschmerzen im ersten Stadium. Iran J Pharm Res . 2014; 13 (3): 1011–1018.
Source

9. Sanei-Dehkordi A, Sedaghat MM, Vatandoost H, Abai MR. Chemische Zusammensetzungen des ätherischen Schalenöls von Citrus aurantium und seine natürliche larvizide Wirkung gegen den Malariavektor Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) im Vergleich zu Citrus paradisi . J Arthropod Borne Dis . 2016; 10 (4): 577 & ndash; 585. Veröffentlicht 2016 Okt 4.
Source

10. Stohs SJ. Sicherheits-, Wirksamkeits- und mechanistische Studien in Bezug auf Citrus Aurantium (Bitter Orange) -Extrakt und p-Synephrin. Phytother Res . 2017; 31 (10): 1463 & ndash; 1474. doi: 10.1002 / ptr.5879
Source

11. Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung: Gesundheitliche Bewertung von synephrin- und koffeinhaltigen Sportlerprodukten und Schlankheitsmitteln. Stellungnahme Nr 004/2013. 2012.
Source

Why you can trust me?

Ein Überblick über Citrus aurantium L.: Seine Funktionen als Lebensmittelzutat und Therapeutikum
Suntar I, Khan H., Patel S., Celano R., Rastrelli L. Ein Überblick über Citrus aurantium L .: Seine Funktionen als Lebensmittelzutat und Therapeutikum. Oxid Med Cell Longev . 2018; 2018: 7864269. Veröffentlicht 2018 2. Mai doi: 10.1155 / 2018/7864269
Go to source
Flüchtige Verbindungen in Citrus Ätherische Öle: A Comprehensive Review
González-Mas MC, Rambla JL, López-Gresa MP, Blázquez MA, Granell A. Flüchtige Verbindungen in Citrus Ätherische Öle: A Comprehensive Review. Front Plant Sci . 2019; 10: 12. Veröffentlicht 2019 5. Februar doi: 10.3389 / fpls.2019.00012
Go to source
Ein Überblick über die klinischen Studien am Menschen mit dem Extrakt aus Citrus aurantium (Bitterorange) und seinem primären Protoalkaloid p- Synephrin
Stohs SJ, Preuß HG, Shara M. Ein Überblick über die klinischen Studien am Menschen mit Citrus aurantium (Bitterorange) -Extrakt und seinem primären Protoalkaloid p-Synephrin. Int J Med Sci . 2012; 9 (7): 527 & ndash; 538. doi: 10.7150 / ijms.4446
Go to source
Zitrusfrüchte als Schatzkammer aktiver natürlicher Metaboliten, die möglicherweise Vorteile für die menschliche Gesundheit bieten
Lv X, Zhao S., Ning Z. et al. Zitrusfrüchte als Schatzkammer aktiver natürlicher Metaboliten, die möglicherweise Vorteile für die menschliche Gesundheit bieten. Chem Cent J . 2015; 9: 68. Veröffentlicht am 24. Dezember 2015 doi: 10.1186 / s13065-015-0145-9
Go to source
Anxiolytische und beruhigende Wirkung von Extrakten und ätherischen Ölen aus Citrus aurantium L.
Carvalho-Freitas MI, Costa M. Anxiolytic and sedative effects of extracts and essential oil from Citrus aurantium L. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Dec;25(12):1629-33. doi: 10.1248/bpb.25.1629. PMID: 12499653.
Go to source
Biologische Aktivitäten und Sicherheit von Citrus spp. Essentielle Öle
Dosoky NS, Setzer WN. Biologische Aktivitäten und Sicherheit von Citrus spp. Essentielle Öle. Int J Mol Sci . 2018; 19 (7): 1966. Veröffentlicht 2018 Jul 5. doi: 10.3390 / ijms19071966
Go to source
Ein Überblick über die klinischen Studien am Menschen mit Citrus aurantium (Bitterorange) -Extrakt und seinem primären Protoalkaloid p-Synephrin
Stohs SJ, Preuss HG, Shara M. A review of the human clinical studies involving Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) extract and its primary protoalkaloid p-synephrine. Int J Med Sci. 2012;9(7):527-38. doi: 10.7150/ijms.4446. Epub 2012 Aug 29. PMID: 22991491; PMCID: PMC3444973.
Go to source
Auswirkungen von Citrus Aurantium (Bitterorange) auf den Schweregrad von Wehenschmerzen im ersten Stadium
Namazi M., Amir Ali Akbari S., Mojab F., Talebi A., Alavi Majd H., Jannesari S. Auswirkungen von Citrus Aurantium (Bitterorange) auf die Schwere der Wehenschmerzen im ersten Stadium. Iran J Pharm Res . 2014; 13 (3): 1011–1018.
Go to source
Chemische Zusammensetzungen des ätherischen Schalenöls von Citrus aurantium und seine natürliche larvizide Wirkung gegen den Malariavektor Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) im Vergleich zu Citrus paradisi
Sanei-Dehkordi A, Sedaghat MM, Vatandoost H, Abai MR. Chemische Zusammensetzungen des ätherischen Schalenöls von Citrus aurantium und seine natürliche larvizide Wirkung gegen den Malariavektor Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) im Vergleich zu Citrus paradisi . J Arthropod Borne Dis . 2016; 10 (4): 577 & ndash; 585. Veröffentlicht 2016 Okt 4.
Go to source
Sicherheits-, Wirksamkeits- und mechanistische Studien in Bezug auf Citrus Aurantium ( Bitterorange ) -Extrakt und p- Synephrin
Stohs SJ. Sicherheits-, Wirksamkeits- und mechanistische Studien in Bezug auf Citrus Aurantium (Bitter Orange) -Extrakt und p-Synephrin. Phytother Res . 2017; 31 (10): 1463 & ndash; 1474. doi: 10.1002 / ptr.5879
Go to source
Gesundheitliche Bewertung von synephrin- und koffeinhaltigen Sportlerprodukten und Schlankheitsmitteln
Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung: Gesundheitliche Bewertung von synephrin- und koffeinhaltigen Sportlerprodukten und Schlankheitsmitteln. Stellungnahme Nr 004/2013. 2012.
Go to source
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