Last updated: August 15, 2021

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Bienvenido a nuestra prueba de impresora de matriz de puntos grande 2021. Aquí presentamos en detalle todas las impresoras matriciales que hemos probado. Hemos recopilado información de antecedentes detallada y agregado un resumen de las opiniones de los clientes en la web.

Con esto, nos gustaría facilitarle la decisión de compra y ayudarlo a encontrar la mejor impresora matricial para usted.

También encontrará respuestas a preguntas frecuentes en nuestra guía. Si está disponible, también ofrecemos interesantes videos de prueba. Además, también encontrará información importante en esta página a la que definitivamente debe prestar atención si desea comprar una impresora matricial.




Resumen

  • Con una impresora de matriz de puntos, tiene la opción de producir cualquier número de copias (copias carbón) además del original.
  • Los cabezales de impresión típicos contienen nueve o 24 agujas. Dependiendo del tipo y modelo, las impresoras difieren en la forma en que funcionan.
  • Las impresoras de 9 agujas generalmente tienen un mayor impacto. Las impresoras de 24 agujas, por otro lado, producen una imagen de impresión más rápida y hermosa.

Impresoras matriciales de puntos en el Reino Unido: nuestras opciones



Guía: preguntas que debe hacerse antes de comprar una impresora matricial

¿Cuáles son las ventajas de una impresora matricial sobre las impresoras láser y de inyección de tinta?

No hace mucho tiempo, la impresora definitiva era la impresora matricial. Aunque ahora está siendo sacado del mercado por dispositivos más nuevos, como impresoras láser y de inyección de tinta, las ventajas de una impresora de este tipo siguen siendo insuperables.

Un ejemplo clásico de esto es la impresión de notas de enfermedad en el consultorio del médico: se imprime un formulario preimpreso con la técnica de matriz de puntos y se produce una copia para la compañía de seguros de salud mediante la copia al carbón. Dicha impresión es a prueba de documentos y no puede dañarse con la humedad, razón por la cual esta técnica de impresión también es popular en el sector de los seguros de salud.

The areas of application are diverse: from doctors' surgeries to tickets and delivery notes. Due to their high resilience and durability, dot matrix printers are also used in dusty areas and areas exposed to temperature fluctuations, such as on construction sites or in factories.

Furthermore, dot matrix printing is much cheaper and more environmentally friendly than other printing processes due to the use of an ink ribbon.

Dot matrix printers produce carbon copies, ensuring document authenticity. Moreover, dot matrix printers are much more environmentally friendly than other printers.

Who is a dot matrix printer suitable for?

The purchase of such a printer is particularly worthwhile in business and industrial environments. Due to the robust technology, such devices are very resistant to environmental influences such as extreme temperatures.

Concrete areas of application for carbonless printing are medical practices, banks, airports, parking machines, ticket validators, cash register receipts, invoices, delivery notes, archiving and protocols using continuous paper.

Decision: What types of dot matrix printers are there and which is the right one for you?

Basically, dot matrix printers differ in the number of needles in the print head. The most common variants are:

  • 9 needles
  • 18 needles
  • 24 needles
  • 28 needles
  • 48 needles

The number of needles determines the quality and speed. Which type of dot matrix printer is right for you depends very much on the area of application. Depending on whether you attach more importance to a beautiful typeface or simply want to print a large number of copies quickly, a different number of needles will come into question.

In the following section, we would like to help you find out which type of dot matrix printer is best suited for you. For this purpose, we will present the above-mentioned variants with their individual advantages and disadvantages.

What are the general advantages and disadvantages of a dot matrix printer?

The main advantages of dot matrix printing are that it is environmentally friendly and inexpensive to print at around 0.05 to 0.08 cents per black and white page and 0.35 to 0.75 cents per colour page.

A dot matrix printer is very robust. It is therefore often used in the industrial sector, as there are hardly any maintenance costs. In addition, a dot-matrix printer produces carbon copies, continuous paper can be used, and document authenticity according to ISO 12757-2 is given.

Advantages
  • Carbon copies
  • Low printing costs
  • Document fastness
  • Robustness
  • Environmentally friendly
Disadvantages
  • High noise level
  • High purchase costs
  • Slow printing
  • Only conditionally suitable for graphics

One disadvantage is the noise generated during printing. In addition, the purchase of such a device is more expensive compared to other printers and the printing speed is quite slow compared to other devices. Needle printers enable graphics printing, but are rather unsuitable for this purpose.

A major advantage of the needle printer over the laser printer is that it allows carbon copies. (Picture source: pixabay.com / stevepb)

How does a 9-pin dot matrix printer work and what are the advantages and disadvantages?

The special advantage of a dot-matrix printer with nine needles is that it has a high punch. A 9-pin printer can handle multiple copies without any problems. As a result, it delivers a fast and high number of copies. It is one of the fastest dot-matrix printers, but it also has the worst print quality. It prints in draft quality, a fast print with low quality.

Advantages
  • Fast draft printing
  • High impact
Disadvantages
  • Low print quality
  • Slow with NLQ printing

However, most dot matrix printers with nine needles also have a so-called NLQ (near letter quality) mode. In this mode, higher print quality is achieved, but at the expense of print speed. The print head moves at half speed and a line is printed twice.

With such a device, not only texts can be printed, but also tables or graphics in sufficient quality. 9-needle printers are among the most affordable devices on the market.

9-needle printers print slowly, but have a high throughput.

How does an 18-pin printer work and what are the advantages and disadvantages?

With an 18-needle printer, a higher speed is achieved. In principle, the 18-needle printer works like the nine-needle version. The difference is that the print head is equipped with two rows of either staggered or parallel needles, each with nine needles.

On machines with staggered rowsof needles, the impressions of the needles overlap. This increases the speed in NLQ mode by up to four times compared to a nine-needle printhead. Overall, however, the number of possible punctures is reduced due to the higher number of needles.

Advantages
  • Double/quadruple speed in NLQ quality
  • Twice as fast thanks to parallel needle rows (draft quality)
Disadvantages
  • Low number of copies possible

In applications where a lot of forms are filled out, speed is more important than quality. 18-pin printers with two parallel rows of pins canprint twice as much in draft quality in the same time as 9-pin printers. In NLQ quality, however, this variant also prints only twice as fast.

How does a 24-pin dot matrix printer work and what are the advantages and disadvantages?

A dot matrix printer with 24 needles impresses with a high resolution as well as a high printing speed. The print head consists of two slightly offset rows of 12 needles each. This also eliminates the second print pass and the reduced speed in NLQ printing.

The individual needles are narrower in diameter, enabling a much nicer print quality at a lower copy count. The quality level is now no longer called NLQ, but LQ ("letter quality") type.

Advantages
  • High print quality
  • Very fast printing
Disadvantages
  • Low number of copies possible

Some 24-needle printers are able to print in SLQ (super letter quality) font. In this case, the overall print image is much more precise and beautiful, and individual steps are hardly noticeable in the print result.

24-pin dot matrix printers print faster and more beautifully. However, the overall impact is lower.

How does a 28-needle printer work and what are the advantages and disadvantages?

The 28-needle printer offers all the advantages of the 18-needle printers with parallel and staggered needle rows.

Advantages
  • Quadruple speed in NLQ quality
  • Double speed in draft quality
Disadvantages
  • Low number of copies possible

The print head of the 28-pin printer consists of three rows of nine needles, one of which is offset. It combines the advantages of the 18-pin printers: Either two parallel rows with a high draft quality or two staggered rows with a high NLQ quality can be printed. The print throughput is as high as with the 18-needle devices.

How does a 48-needle printer work and what are the advantages and disadvantages?

With this needle printer variant, the needle diameter has been reduced again. Top letter quality is achieved during printing. The resolution produced, which is 360 x 360 dpi, is higher than that of a laser printer, which can deliver a resolution of 300 x 300 dpi. In practice, however, the quality of the laser printer wins out because the laser beam is much thinner and more precise than the needle.

Advantages
  • Very high print quality
  • The fastest print
Disadvantages
  • Number of copies lowest

There is no difference in the quality of the printout when compared with a 24-pin printer. However, the 48-pin printer works faster because it achieves the same quality with one line pass as the 24-pin printer does with two passes.

Buying criteria: Use these factors to compare and evaluate dot matrix printers

In the following we would like to show you which factors you can use to compare and evaluate dot matrix printers. This will make it easier for you to decide whether a particular device is suitable for you or not.

In summary, these are:

  • Number of needles
  • Print quality
  • Penetration
  • Print speed
  • Dot matrix printer size
  • Interfaces
  • Volume
  • Power consumption
  • Lifetime

In the following paragraphs you can read about the individual purchase criteria and how you can classify them.

Number of needles

Most dot matrix printers have nine, 18 or 24 needles in the print head. The type of printing varies depending on the number of needles. Essentially, a dot matrix printer with many needles, such as 24, prints faster and with higher quality. A dot-matrix printer with comparatively fewer needles, i.e. a dot-matrix printer with nine, is on average cheaper and achieves a higher throughput.

But each printer has its individual advantages and disadvantages. In the following three points, the individual types of printers are compared with regard to the criteria of print quality, penetrating power and speed.

Print quality

The final result of the printout is significantly influenced by the resolution of the printer. So you should first ask yourself how high the quality of the printout should be in the end. If you attach a lot of importance to fine, neat writing, then the resolution should be 360 x 360 dpi. Dpi stands for dot density (dots per inch): the higher this is, the more detailed the printouts.

If you want to print beautiful type and graphics, the resolution should be as high as possible. For this, a dot matrix with many thin needles is recommended. A 24-pin printer with letter quality is optimal for this purpose.

If print quality is not the top priority, the other printer variants are of course also possible. Most 9-needle printers print in near letter quality and have a resolution of about 240 x 144 dpi.

Throughput

The main advantage of a dot matrix printer is the ability to print carbon copies. In our product lists only the number of copies is listed, the original print is not considered here. Here you should ask yourself how many copies you need. Depending on the model, you can usually create three to five copies in addition to the original in one pass.

As a rule, fewer needles hit the ribbon harder, which means that more copies can be made. If you want a high number of copies, we recommend the 9-pin version. It can handle multiple copies without any problems. When buying, however, also look for printers with a higher number of needles. Depending on the model, many copies can be made here as well.

Print speed

Depending on the model, the print speed differs, with the main difference being the number of needles. A dot matrix printer with 24 needles generally prints faster than a printer with nine needles. Here, of course, it again depends on the intended use.

If you print very often and a lot, it is advisable to use a 24-needle printer. The two slightly offset rows in the print head, each with 12 needles, eliminate the need for a second printing pass, which is necessary with 9-needle printers, for example.

Did you know that there are also fast dot matrix printers?

High-performance dot matrix printers can print up to 1,550 characters per second. That's about 46.5 pages per minute, when 2,000 characters is about one page.

In our product list, the speed is given in characters per second. But of course the print speed also depends on the file size and the type of document to be printed. While 9-pin printers achieve an average speed of about 300 characters per second, 24-pin printers achieve a speed of 500 to 550 characters per second.

Dot matrix printer size

Of course, you should not forget that your dot matrix printer also needs enough space. As a rule, the new devices are much more space-saving than their predecessors. Old or more professional devices, on the other hand, are much larger.

When buying, also pay attention to the dimensions of the item. Think about where the machine will be placed beforehand, as the printer noise causes a lot of noise. It is therefore advisable to store dot matrix printers in a cupboard. In the 1980s, special soundproof cabinets were even developed, some of which are still in use.

Interfaces

Many old devices can be connected to a computer system via the parallel interface defined by the IEEE-1284 standard, with a data rate of up to 2 MB/s. The parallel interface is also used for data transfer. Another obsolete technology for data transmission is the serial interface. With this variant, data is transmitted one after the other, at a rather slow speed.

In the meantime, all that is actually needed is a USB connection, which is included in the scope of delivery of most devices. However, you should make sure that your USB connection supports the USB 2.0 standard.

If you prefer to connect your printer to a network, you should make sure that it also has a LAN port. Some manufacturers also offer optional inputs for their printers, such as for a network card.

Volume

Dot matrix printers are generally very noisy. The operating noise can be very annoying during a long print job. The noisiest are the 9-pin printers because of their high impact force. The needles from the print head hit the ribbon, which creates the noise level.

The problem of high noise pollution has existed since the invention of this printing technology. Today's dot matrix printers are already much quieter than their predecessors. However, so-called sound-proof cabinets or even a special noise-proof housing for the dot-matrix printer can provide a remedy.

Power consumption

Printers are not among the biggest power guzzlers in the household, but in order to save money and energy, you should also pay attention to the printer's performance. If you often print documents and the printer is in use for a long time, you should choose a device with a low output and thus a low wattage for the sake of the environment.

Armin Weiler Computermagazin
Unlike printers with a toner, dot matrix printers do not need to heat up. This saves a lot of electricity. They also do not have to maintain a minimum temperature in stand-by mode.

Not only do they consume less electricity, they are also more environmentally friendly. After all, they also generate less waste because all components except the ink ribbon last for the life of the printer.

(Source: pcwelt.de)

This is not only sustainable, but also saves you money on your next electricity bill. There are also many models that have been awarded the "Blue Angel" quality seal.

Durability

Dot matrix printers are reliable, robust and solid devices. For these reasons, too, they are often used in dusty factory halls or on construction sites.

The lifetime of your printer is, like the power consumption, a crucial cost factor. Wear parts include the print head and the ribbon. The print head wears out over time and the ribbon needs to be replaced, just like the ink in classic inkjet printers or the toner in laser printers.

Did you know that printouts from a dot matrix printer are still legible for decades?

Similar to a typewriter, the printouts have a very long shelf life. That's why dot matrix printers are often used in archives.

You can find spare parts directly from the manufacturer or from online mail order companies such as amazon.de. When buying, also pay attention to the product warranty. If, for example, you decide to buy a dot matrix printer from OKI, you can register on the manufacturer's website within 30 days to receive a three-year warranty for the product.

Trivia: Facts worth knowing about dot matrix printers

The history of the dot matrix printer

The dot matrix printer was introduced in 1968 by the Japanese company OKI. In the years that followed, the printer became smaller and more compact. In the 1980s, most businesses could no longer imagine an office without a dot matrix printer. However, the home and small office device was displaced by the increasingly popular inkjet and laser printers.

The main reason for the replacement of the dot matrix printer is the high level of noise it makes when the needles hit the tape. You may still know this noise from the printers at the GP's or the ticket validator on the bus.

The OKI Wiredot dot matrix printer, which first appeared on the market almost 50 years ago, was awarded the title of "Technologically Valuable Heritage" by the Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) in 2013.

Structure and function of a dot matrix printer

Like the laser printer and the inkjet printer, the dot matrix printer belongs to the matrix printer family. The print head of the dot matrix printer contains the needles, the number of which can vary depending on the model. The needles can be controlled individually by the printer.

During the printing process, the needles hit the ink ribbon. The paper to be printed is located under the ribbon. A needle strike leaves a small dot on the paper. The printing process is repeated until the desired result is achieved.

The following applies: the more needles, the finer the typeface. But: the more needles, the less penetrating power. Small electromagnets press the individual needles in the direction of the printing belt. There are two different processes: The hinged-armature method and the stored-energy principle.

In the first method, a magnetic field is built up by energising a coil. This attracts one side of the pivoted hinged armature. As a result, the other side of the hinged armature strikes the needle, which is pressed against the paper.

A spring tensioned by this now pulls the needle back into its original position. When the current is switched off, the magnetic field stops and the hinged armature returns to its original position. This process is much louder compared to the second one.

The stored energy principle works with the spring. The spring is kept in tension throughout by a permanent magnet. Again, a current pulse through the coil ensures that a magnetic field is built up. The magnetic field of the permanent magnets is compensated due to the opposite polarity, which means that no magnetic force acts on the spring for a short time.

Ahora la aguja presiona contra la cinta y se retira inmediatamente tan pronto como el campo magnético se vuelve a activar. Con este principio, se puede trabajar con mucha más eficiencia energética. Además, se logra una velocidad más alta que con el método de armadura articulada.

Impresora de matriz de puntos y música

Se puede utilizar una impresora matricial para producir una amplia gama de tonos musicales. El músico experimental Paul Slocum utiliza los fuertes sonidos de una impresora matricial. Su proyecto se llama "matriz de puntos". Con un firmware reprogramado, las agujas del cabezal de impresión golpean la cinta de tinta con diferentes frecuencias. El resultado son muchos sonidos diferentes.

Fuente de la imagen: pixabay.de / pajos02

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