Eczema is a skin disease that appears as inflammation on the skin. They are also called dermatitis in technical language. Eczema ointments are used to relieve the inflammation, redness or itching.
The first question is always, how do I get rid of this eczema? In this eczema ointment test 2022 we explain the most important things you need to know about eczema and eczema ointments. We also tell you when you should use which ointment and how you can get rid of eczema.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The Best Eczema Ointment: Our Picks
- 4 Buying and evaluation criteria for eczema ointments
- 5 Guide: Frequently asked questions about eczema ointment answered in detail
- Depending on the eczema, a different eczema ointment or cream is necessary. If the eczema is dry, you should work with a greasy ointment. If the eczema is moist, you will need a moist cream.
- An eczema ointment can also be used as a daily skin care product. Ointments moisturise and soothe the skin.
- To treat eczema properly, you should know what kind of eczema you have and what kind of ointment or cream you need. There are different types of eczema, we will show you what they are.
The Best Eczema Ointment: Our Picks
Buying and evaluation criteria for eczema ointments
When buying eczema ointments, you can look at different aspects, such as:
Finding the right eczema ointment for you can save you a lot of scratching, bleeding or pain. It's best to check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure you get the maximum effect.
Eczema ointments are applied where the eczema is. Ideally, you should also spread some ointment around the eczema. This will prevent the eczema from spreading. When choosing the right eczema ointment, you should distinguish between two types of eczema. Endogenous eczema and exogenous eczema.
- endogenous eczema: This type of eczema usually has a genetic background and is caused by internal factors. Neurodermatitis is one of these.
- exogenous eczema: External influences such as allergies, temperature changes or UV-B radiation lead to exogenous eczema.
When treating eczema, attention should be paid to which stage the eczema is in. It is important to know where exactly, i.e. in which part of the body the eczema is. For example, the thicker the skin, the less cortisone it can absorb.
You should also know what type of skin you have and what caused the eczema to break out. (2) ,
To find out what a rash or eczema is, it is best to consult a doctor or a pharmacist.
"When did the eczema appear?" or "Is it itchy?" and "How does the eczema manifest itself? Is it dry or moist?"
It is important that you are clear about what exactly the eczema is that you want to treat before you start.
Cream or ointment?
The biggest difference between an ointment and a cream is the basis of the substances used in its manufacture. An ointment has a relatively oily base, whereas creams contain a higher proportion of water mixtures.
When deciding whether to use an ointment or a cream, it is important that you know what type of eczema you want to treat.
If the eczema is dry, you should use a greasy ointment. If the eczema is moist, you will need a moist cream. Instead of creams, moist compresses will also help. (2) , (4)
An eczema ointment or eczema cream can be used as a moisturiser for daily skin care. The specific treatment of eczema is local, which can determine whether an eczema ointment works or not.
If you notice that the eczema does not disappear, the eczema trigger may still be present. Clothing can also be a trigger. (6) Clothes, detergents or body care products can also trigger eczema.
Note that products containing cortisone should not be used for a long time without taking breaks in between. (3)
If you consider the points discussed in the last sections, you should be able to find a suitable eczema ointment. Pay attention to the moisture of the eczema. Once you have found the right ointment, you will be able to tolerate it well.
However, if you find that the eczema ointment does not work, or if you are allergic to an ingredient, you should stop using it. You should be especially careful if the ointment burns when you apply it.
Guide: Frequently asked questions about eczema ointment answered in detail
In order to inform you comprehensively about eczema ointments and to bring you closer to the current state of science, we have summarised all the important information about eczema ointments in the following sections.
What is eczema ointment and how does it work?
Eczema ointments work in different ways. In the next sections, we will show you which symptoms of eczema an ointment can help with.
Eczema is a vicious circle. They start with redness, then the redness gets worse, blisters form with fluid, this itches, which causes the blisters to burst and the itching gets worse. An eczema ointment should soothe the skin and relieve the itching.
After the blisters on the skin have burst and the itching intensifies, crusts form. These in turn develop into scales and only then should the skin heal and the redness disappear.
This vicious circle is interrupted with ointments so that the skin has the opportunity to regenerate and fight the eczema in one of the stages.
If the eczema does not heal, the redness increases, the blisters multiply and the bursting makes the wound moist. The skin is weakened, the natural skin barrier becomes vulnerable and inflammation can occur.
At this stage, it is important to protect the skin from strong temperature fluctuations and to identify the trigger of the eczema. (9)
When and for whom is it useful to use eczema ointments?
However, the application of eczema ointments depends entirely on the place of application.
|Application on sensitive areas||mouth and eye area, face, intimate area|
|Superficial application||skin in general also scalp|
|Application on extremities||hands, fingers, legs, feet|
|Application on the body||armpit, nipples, under the breasts|
Eczema ointments can also be used without eczema, because they are particularly greasy and moisturise the skin or have an oily effect.
What types of eczema ointments are there?
To treat eczema properly, you should know what kind of eczema you have and what kind of ointment or cream you need for it. (9)
|eczema ointment for children and pregnant women||usually only natural products available. Ask your doctor or pharmacist|
|Eczema ointment for animals||usually a skin repair ointment, has an antibacterial effect (10)|
|Eczema ointment with and without cortisone||no permanent use|
|Eczema ointment with natural ingredients||often hemp, coconut oil, honey|
The type of eczema ointment you choose depends very much on the type of eczema. There are different types of eczema. In the next paragraph, we will explain which types of eczema are known.
Eczema ointment by type of eczema
Almost every person experiences itchy, inflamed and red patches of skin during their lifetime. These indicate eczema. Treating eczema is easier if you know exactly what type of eczema it is. The points below will introduce you to the topic.
As there are different types of eczema, it is important to know what type of eczema it is before you start treatment.
- acute stage: This is an initial stage where the redness is mild. When the reaction becomes stronger, blisters fill with fluid and itching becomes severe. This is followed by crust formation. At best, it becomes scales and the skin regenerates.
- chronicstage: It is usually chronic eczema when the eczema does not heal. In this case, the trigger has not yet been tackled. Scratching puts a lot of stress on the skin and prolongs the healing process. This means that the skin starts to heal all over again. A subtype of chronic eczema is exsiccation eczema or also called desiccation eczema. This is very dry skin, especially in winter, due to poor sebum production.
- atopic eczema: Endogenous eczema is neurodermatitis, also called atopic eczema. This type of eczema is hereditary and has a chronic course. The eczema comes in episodes, triggered by stress, allergies or environmental influences. (1)
- allergicor toxic contact eczema: An allergic reaction can lead to eczema. However, if the body reacts allergically to a toxic substance, this is toxic contact eczema
If you are unsure which type of eczema you have, consult a doctor or go to a pharmacy for advice. (10)
Eczema ointment with and without cortisone
Ointments or creams with cortisone should not be used over a long period of time, but should only be used to treat flare-ups.
Products containing cortisone can be classified into four classes. These are weak, medium, strong or very strong corticosteroids.
The application and effect of corticosteroids is not only determined by this classification, but also by how often the ointment is applied and how much is used.
It should also be noted that depending on the thickness of the skin or the place of application, the skin is able to absorb more or less cortisone. Thick skin absorbs less cortisone. (7)
Can you treat eczema with CBD?
The use of an ointment containing CBD has the great advantage that it can break the vicious circle of eczema. Because the ointment can do something particularly well: relieve the itching.
This allows the wound to heal without scratching it open and starting the healing process all over again. (8)
What are the alternatives to eczema ointments?
There are also other products available. We are talking about products with a natural base. These can be hemp ointments or home remedies. But there are also honey creams, which are made from medicinal honey. (12) , (13)
For the treatment of eczema, a shampoo against dry skin and itching can be used in addition to the eczema ointment.
Hand soaps or washing gels that do not attack the skin and do not cause allergic reactions are also very helpful in the healing process. PH neutral products are considered very gentle to the skin. (14)
Can children or pregnant women use eczema ointments?
Some eczema ointments contain glucocorticoids, which children may be sensitive to. If you experience any side effects, consult a doctor or pharmacist. (5)
Image source: Комок / 123rf
Wüthrich, Brunello; Ruzicka, Thomas, Das atopische Ekzem: Neue pathophysiologische Konzepte und exogene Provokationsfaktoren, Dtsch Arztebl, 1997, 94(26)
Erklärung und Übersicht über Ekzeme.
Apotheken.de, Sandra Göbel, Juli 2018
PharmaWiki, August 2020
Hinterland Apotheke, Sandra Göbel, September 2019
Agepha Pharma sro, Juni 2019
Wala Arzneimittel, Ekzeme & Co. ganzheitlich behandeln
Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG), Februar 2017
Hanf Extrakte, Henrik Aulbach, Oktober 2020
Liebenswert Magazin, Jessica Jansen, August 2020