Welcome to our big firewood test 2021. Here we present all the firewoods we have tested in detail. We have compiled detailed background information and added a summary of customer reviews on the internet.
We would like to make your purchase decision easier and help you find the best firewood for you.
You will also find answers to frequently asked questions in our guide. If available, we also offer interesting test videos. Furthermore, you will also find some important information on this page that you should definitely pay attention to if you want to buy firewood.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 The most important facts
- 3 The Best Firewood: Our Picks
- 4 Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying firewood
- 5 Decision: What types of firewood are there and which is the right one for you?
- 6 Buying criteria: You can compare and evaluate firewood based on these factors
- 7 Facts worth knowing about firewood
The most important facts
- Firewood is a natural raw material that you can use for environmentally friendly heating. Wood is also ideal for barbecuing, smoking or baking pizzas.
- A distinction is made between two types of wood: hardwood and softwood. Each type of wood has its own advantages and disadvantages.
- Many different types of wood are suitable as firewood. You should therefore pay attention to which type is best for your needs.
The Best Firewood: Our Picks
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying firewood
What is the difference between firewood and wood briquettes and what are the advantages and disadvantages of wood briquettes?
On the one hand this is due to the high compression of the wood, on the other hand to the very low residual moisture of briquettes.
What units of measurement are used in the firewood trade?
The most common unit is the so-called cubic metre (rm). A cubic metre is a cube of stacked pieces of wood with an edge length of one metre and thus has a volume of 1 m³. If the pieces of wood are metre wood, one often speaks of a stere instead of a cubic metre.
A bulk cubic metre (srm) is also a cube with an edge length of one metre, but in contrast to the cubic metre it is filled with a loose quantity of wood. This means that the hollow spaces between the logs are larger than in the cubic metre.
A solid cubic metre (fm), on the other hand, is the pure quantity of wood without interstices, which results in exactly one cubic metre. This unit of measurement is mainly used in the wholesale trade with logs. However, it is also used from time to time in the retail trade.
Due to the uneven nature of pieces of wood and the cavities between them, it is not always possible to compare the three units of measurement. However, the Bavarian State Institute for Forests and Forestry gives the following guidelines for conversion:
|Schüttraummeter||1||0.6 - 0.7||0.45 - 0.5|
|Raummeter||1.4 - 1.6||1||approx. 0.7|
|Festmeter||2 - 2.2||approx. 1.4||1|
Can I also have firewood delivered?
In addition to collecting your firewood yourself from the buyer, you can also have it delivered to you. Especially if you order your wood online, you can be sure that it will be delivered to your home.
However, you should be aware that most suppliers do not store the firewood in your garage. In most cases, this is your job. Especially with large deliveries of wood (several cubic metres), you should always bear in mind that you will still have to store it.
Decision: What types of firewood are there and which is the right one for you?
Which type of wood is particularly suitable as firewood?
One of the most important criteria when buying firewood is the type of wood. This is because not every type of wood burns equally fast or equally hot. Also, the ease of use is not always the same.
Some types of stove wood, for example, develop a particularly beautiful, even flame when burning and are therefore suitable for an open fireplace. Other types of firewood, on the other hand, cause glow splashes due to resin bubbles, which is why you should only use them in closed stoves.
Did you know that firewood is the oldest fire fuel in the world?
More than 400,000 years ago, there is evidence that firewood was used to provide warmth and prepare food for the people of that time.
In general, it can be said that hardwoods have a higher calorific value than softwoods. However, all types of wood have certain advantages and disadvantages when used as firewood. For a quick overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the most commonly used types of wood, see the table below:
|Spruce / fir / pine / larch||Burns very quickly, very cheap||Bursting resin bubbles lead to glow splashes|
|Birch / beech / ash||Burns slowly and evenly, develops beautiful flames and a pleasant smell, no glow splashes||Comparatively expensive|
|Oak||Burns very slowly, has a high calorific value||Less beautiful flame pattern, can damage flue pipes if burnt improperly|
Tip: as a stove owner, you should make sure to use a healthy mixture of different types of wood. This way, for example, softwood can serve as a flame promoter to burn the hardwood faster.
Buying criteria: You can compare and evaluate firewood based on these factors
Not all wood is the same - this is especially true when buying firewood. Especially as a newcomer to the topic of firewood, you can quickly become overwhelmed. In the following, we would like to help you decide on the right wood for your needs in our small buying guide.
In short, you should make your purchase decision according to the following criteria, which we will discuss in more detail in the following paragraphs:
- Wood type
- Residual moisture
- Log length
- Varietal purity / scope of delivery
Especially in the firewood retail trade, the quantities sold are given in kilograms. As a private customer, you will therefore mainly come across this unit of measurement. In addition to the pure quantity of firewood, the weight also indicates how much storage space you will need for your wood.
In the wholesale trade, instead of kilograms, the units solid cubic metres, cubic metres and bulk cubic metres are usually used. As a customer looking for stove wood for private use, however, you should rarely come across these units. Here, the standard units are kilograms.
However, you should make sure that the pure weight of the firewood and the weight of the purchased item are not identical! Larger quantities of wood in particular are usually delivered in very sturdy packaging, which can have a high dead weight.
Depending on the amount of wood and the supplier, your firewood can be delivered in different divisions. This can be especially important for you if you only have limited storage space for your stove wood. It makes a considerable difference whether your wood arrives carefully packed in boxes or loosely piled on a large pallet.
Especially smaller quantities of wood (< 100 kg) are usually packed in simple cardboard boxes. Especially if you only have a small garage, this is perfect for you. Such cardboard boxes not only offer you a certain flexibility when it comes to the division into pieces and storage, but can also be used for other purposes after you have used up your firewood.
Larger quantities of wood are mainly delivered on pallets that are covered with lattice boxes. Such packaging is much larger and more unwieldy than small cardboard packaging.
However, if you have a pallet truck or similar device, then such packaging offers you the possibility of moving even large quantities of wood relatively easily. Without such a device, however, it will be difficult.
There is also the possibility that your wood is delivered in simple sacks. Although this is rarely the case, it is often the case, especially with smaller quantities of wood (< 30 kg). Such firewood sacks are a little unwieldy, but offer a relatively homely look. They look particularly good if you store them near your stove.
Probably the most important criterion when buying firewood is the type of wood. That's why you have the most choice when it comes to this criterion. Whether you choose beech, oak, fir or a completely different type of wood, each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The most commonly traded firewood is beech. It offers a good calorific value due to its high density and burns very slowly. This makes it particularly suitable as pure firewood.
Due to the beautiful flame and the pleasant smell that comes from burning beech, it can also be used as firewood for an open fireplace.
However, if you are only looking for pure stove wood for heating, the smell and flame pattern will be less important to you. In such a case, you should choose oak as firewood. This firewood burns very slowly and has an extremely high calorific value.
This not only guarantees an even heat. You also need less wood for heating, as oak generates much more heat per kg than other woods.
Softwoods such as pine, spruce, fir or larch are particularly suitable as kindling. They do not burn very long and do not have a high calorific value, but they catch fire very quickly. This means that you can use them to light other, larger woods very easily.
Since wood is an organic material, it is still damp even after years of drying. This moisture is called "residual moisture" in the firewood trade. The higher the residual moisture, the more difficult it is to light the wood. If the residual moisture is particularly high, the wood is even susceptible to mould.
Apart from the type of wood, the residual moisture is therefore the most important criterion when buying firewood. As a guideline, your firewood should not have more than 20% residual moisture. Of course, it is best if your firewood is even drier. This makes it even easier to light it.
The length of the logs sold is especially important for you if you only have a small stove. In such a stove, you can usually only fit logs up to a certain length. Burning wood that is too long becomes a challenge.
Currently, the most popular logs are those that are either 25 cm or 30 - 33 cm long. Larger or smaller logs are rarely available in the trade. Of course, there is nothing to stop you from buying your own log splitter and splitting your own wood to the right length for you.
Keep in mind that logs are never really the same length because of the shape and texture of the firewood. So if you buy firewood with a specified length of 25 cm, you must be aware that there may also be slightly larger logs.
Varietal purity / scope of delivery
Most firewood dealers sell their firewood by type. This means that you will only find a certain type of wood in each delivery. This can be both an advantage and a disadvantage for you. In some cases, however, you will receive other "goodies" from the dealer in addition to your firewood.
Normally, you should make sure to use different types of wood when firing. For example, you could use a layer of softwood to fire the stove. On top of that, you could place a layer of harder firewood that burns slowly and radiates heat evenly over a long period of time.
Some sellers offer to supply you with mixed wood. The price may be a little higher than for pure wood, but you will get all the types of wood you need for your stove. Some sellers also provide you with small kindling or wood wool lighters.
Facts worth knowing about firewood
What is "firewood"?
If you read up on the subject of firewood, sooner or later you will probably come across the term "polterholz". This refers to the storage areas along forest roads where freshly cut wood is kept.
The name comes from the rumbling sound that logs make when they are stored. The piling up of such a heap of logs is therefore also called "rumbling".
The so-called polter wood is either sold or auctioned off directly after the logs have been cut and delimbed. The collection is always done by the customer. The cutting to length or trimming of the logs is also the responsibility of the buyer.
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