High blood pressure medications can effectively lower blood pressure and thus reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. For hardly any other disease is there such a diverse range of medications available to patients, and there are numerous products on the market. However, this diverse selection can also cause difficulties in making a decision. With this hypertension medication test 2022 we inform you about the most important types of medication that you can choose from when buying. The most important thing is the active ingredient contained in the medication, as each has its advantages and disadvantages. To make your decision easier, we have compared different products with each other.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The Best Hypertension Drugs: Our Picks
- 4 Buying and evaluation criteria for high blood pressure medication
- 5 Guide: Questions to ask yourself before buying high blood pressure medication
- 5.1 What is special about high blood pressure medications and what advantages do they offer?
- 5.2 What types of high blood pressure medications are there?
- 5.3 For whom are high blood pressure medications suitable?
- 5.4 What are the side effects of high blood pressure medication?
- 5.5 How do I take high blood pressure medication correctly?
- 5.6 Which high blood pressure medicines are best?
- 5.7 What natural supplements are available as an alternative to high blood pressure medication?
- 6 Conclusion
- High blood pressure medication should be taken if the blood pressure is permanently above 140/90 mmHg on average, despite lifestyle changes.
- When choosing the perfect medication, the group of active ingredients plays an important role. Each group includes many drugs with different advantages and disadvantages.
- Many hypertension medications have some side effects and are not compatible with every patient. There are several agents that can be used to lower blood pressure in a natural way.
The Best Hypertension Drugs: Our Picks
Buying and evaluation criteria for high blood pressure medication
If you are looking for the right hypertension medication for you, you will come across various forms and offers. The criteria you should look for when making your choice are:
In the following section, we will go through these criteria one by one and explain what to look for when buying.
The dosage form indicates the form in which the medication must be taken. Hypertension medications can be found in four different dosage forms:
- Film-coated tablets: have a hardened and very smooth surface. In this form, tablets are easier to swallow and slip better. Depending on the strength, they always contain the same amount of active ingredient and have a long shelf life.
- Capsules: have a shell made of gelatine that contains the active ingredient either in powder, granules or liquid. In this form, the medicine only dissolves in the stomach and releases the active ingredient there.
- Drops: this form is taken orally and does not need to dissolve in the stomach. Drops allow exact dosage and have a very fast effect.
- Granules: consists of dry and solid grains. This can be dissolved in water before oral intake.
Each dosage form has its advantages and disadvantages, so you should make your decision based on your own preferences and experience. On the market, you will most often find film-coated tablets or capsules.
Depending on the symptoms associated with high blood pressure, different groups of active ingredients are used. These can be present individually in the medicines or combined with other active substances. There are a total of nine groups of active ingredients and over 50 active ingredients that belong to the category 'antihypertensives'. We have selected the most important ones for you in the following table.
|Amlodipine||Dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure||Calcium antagonists|
|Bisoprolol||Weakens the effect of andrenaline and slows the heart rate||Beta blockers|
|Candersatan||Blood pressure lowering||AT-1 receptor antagonists|
|Ramipril||Blood pressure lowering||ACE inhibitors|
|Valtarsan||Alternative to ACE inhibitors||Renin inhibitors|
Although all drugs help to regulate high blood pressure, there are some differences between the various drug groups. Because there are so many to choose from, it is worth spending some time getting to know the different agents better so that the best decision can be made.
Depending on the dosage of the active ingredients and the dosage form, different pack sizes are available for high blood pressure medicines. In most cases, you will find packs of 60 or multiples of 60 capsules on the market. Depending on the pack size, you will also find different prices. So before you buy, think about how often you will need to take the medicine and how much you expect to need for a certain period of time. As for other dosage forms, drops are usually available in bottles of 50 or 100 ml and tablets in similar sizes to capsules.
Guide: Questions to ask yourself before buying high blood pressure medication
Before you buy hypertension medication, there is some information you should know before you make your decision. We have picked out the most important questions on the topic and answered them briefly for you.
What is special about high blood pressure medications and what advantages do they offer?
Blood pressure is said to be high when the upper value is above 140 and the lower value is above 90. The special thing about high blood pressure medicines is that they can lower blood pressure through different active substances. These active substances react to several factors that regulate blood pressure. If you suffer from high blood pressure, it is necessary to take measures to regulate your blood pressure throughout your life. Taking medication is one of the most successful steps, as it can prevent potentially life-threatening secondary diseases such as heart attacks, heart failure or strokes.
What types of high blood pressure medications are there?
Diuretics are also known as water tablets because they help the body eliminate excess water and salt. Reducing the amount of water relieves the heart and lowers blood pressure.
Diuretics can also be combined in low doses with other high blood pressure medicines.
These medicines reduce the effect of adrenaline and noradrenaline in the body, slowing down the heartbeat. This also lowers blood pressure at the same time.
Diabetics should be careful with such a drug as they are prone to hypoglycaemia.
Calcium antagonists or calcium channel blockers prevent vasoconstriction by inhibiting the action of calcium in the muscle cells of the vessel walls. Numerous versions with a similar mode of action are available on the market.
These medicines are described as very effective and are easy to combine with other high blood pressure medicines.
This type of medication prevents the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotesin II, the substance that increases blood pressure. Reducing this substance then has the effect of lowering blood pressure.
ACE inhibitors also cause the kidneys to excrete more salt and water.
AT-1 receptor antagonists
Drugs in this group work differently from ACE inhibitors, but achieve the same result by dilating the blood vessels.
AT-1 antagonists are often reported to be very well tolerated and are recommended as an alternative to ACE inhibitors when these are not tolerated by the patient.
With the help of the enzyme renin, these drugs inhibit the conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I. This prevents the vessels from narrowing at an early stage.
For whom are high blood pressure medications suitable?
- Advanced age
- High cholesterol
High blood pressure Medication is necessary if your blood pressure is permanently above 140/90 mmHg, despite non-medication. However, the decision also depends on whether there are additional risk factors. In the end, you should evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of medication for yourself.
What are the side effects of high blood pressure medication?
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, drop in blood pressure
- Allergies and skin reactions
- Gastrointestinal complaints
With the individual groups of active substances, specific side effects can also occur, which we have already listed above. In addition, the risk of side effects increases if patients take other medicines with different active ingredients over time. If you feel that you are not tolerating a medicine, you should never stop taking it or change the dosage. Inform your doctor immediately so that you can find a solution together. In many cases, side effects can be reduced or eliminated by changing the active ingredient or the dosage. It is not uncommon to have to try a few different medications to find the perfect one.
How do I take high blood pressure medication correctly?
Which high blood pressure medicines are best?
The choice of the appropriate medication is influenced by a number of factors. These include, for example, age, gender or previous illnesses such as coronary heart disease or heart failure. For women of childbearing age with high blood pressure, the choice depends on which agents are not harmful in case of pregnancy. In some cases, one antihypertensive drug is enough to lower blood pressure, while others need a combination of different ones. A combination can increase the blood pressure-lowering effect because the drugs target different parts of the body.
What natural supplements are available as an alternative to high blood pressure medication?
|Folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12||Blood pressure lowering|
|L-arginine||Blood vessel widening|
|Coenzyme Q-10||Lowers blood pressure gradually|
|Magnesium||Has a relaxing and decongestant effect on the blood vessels|
These products are particularly suitable for people who cannot tolerate certain medicines or do not want to take certain risks when taking medicines. They can also be very effective for patients with low blood pressure.
If you have high blood pressure, the right medication can significantly improve your life and reduce the risk of future disease. The drug class plays the decisive role here and a large number of drugs are now available on the market. However, many medications have unpleasant disadvantages that make it difficult to find the right therapy for you. If you don't want to take the risks of regular medications, there are also many natural supplements that have a blood pressure lowering effect.
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