Vitamin D is a vital substance and is often called the sun vitamin. It is formed in our body thanks to UVB radiation and is responsible for several metabolic processes in our body. In the winter time, it is recommended to take vitamin D supplements to avoid deficiencies. However, the choice is often difficult due to the many offers.
With our test of liquid vitamin D 2021 we want to help you find the best vitamin D preparation for you. We have compared different liquid vitamin D products with each other and listed their respective effects. This should make your purchase decision as easy as possible.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 The most important facts
- 3 The Best Liquid vitamin D: Our Picks
- 4 Buying and evaluation criteria for liquid vitamin D
- 5 Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying liquid vitamin D
- 5.1 What is vitamin D and why do I need it?
- 5.2 When and for whom is it useful to take vitamin D?
- 5.3 How much does liquid vitamin D cost?
- 5.4 What types of vitamin D products are there?
- 5.5 When is vitamin D deficient?
- 5.6 How should liquid vitamin D be dosed?
- 5.7 Is there a vitamin D overdose?
- 5.8 Are there any side effects of liquid vitamin D?
- 5.9 What alternatives are there to liquid vitamin D?
The most important facts
- When buying vitamin D, various aspects need to be considered. Here you should pay particular attention to the quality of the active ingredients, the combination with other vitamins and substances, and the ingredients.
- Vitamin D must be taken after a doctor's examination. However, there are risk groups who should pay special attention to their vitamin D levels. For these, it is often necessary to take vitamin D in addition.
- Vitamin D intake has no side effects if taken correctly and in the right dosage. However, it is possible that the additional ingredients or incorrect combination with other supplements can impair the effect of vitamin D.
The Best Liquid vitamin D: Our Picks
Buying and evaluation criteria for liquid vitamin D
The additional intake of vitamins must be done responsibly. When buying vitamin D supplements, the following aspects must be considered.
By making the right choice for you, you can save money and also ensure that you do not give your body anything it does not need. Therefore, always make sure that the products are of high quality and, if necessary, ask to see the manufacturer's certificates.
Most active ingredients and vitamin D preparations are not vegan. The active ingredient of these preparations is mainly extracted from the wool wax or wool fat of sheep. In our time, however, it is possible to obtain vegan vitamin D.
This is done by a certain type of lichen. Lichens belong to a group of fungi. There are almost no differences between the animal and the plant vitamin D. Both the animal and the plant origin of vitamin D are equally available to the human body (1). This means that vegans also have the opportunity to take vitamins of plant origin.
If vitamin D is to be taken for bone formation, then a combination with other vitamins is quite useful. Vitamin K2 is necessary for bone formation. It contributes to normal blood clotting and bone maintenance. (2) Taking vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium in the body. Vitamin K2 is necessary for the proper utilisation of calcium in the body. This prevents the storage of calcium in undesirable places.
Magnesium and vitamin D also work well in combination. Magnesium is responsible for the synthesis and conversion of vitamin D. Vitamin D, however, is involved in the absorption of magnesium. Vitamin D, however, is involved in the absorption of magnesium. (3) Therefore, magnesium deficiency also results in vitamin D deficiency. Therefore, magnesium status should be checked occasionally. This way you can be sure that enough vitamin D can be absorbed into your body.
The dosage of vitamin D also plays a major role, as it must be appropriate to your needs and goals. According to the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, preparations with a maximum of 20 micrograms of vitamin D count as food supplements. Preparations with a higher vitamin D dosage are called medicinal products. Nowadays, however, there are no fixed maximum amounts of micronutrients in food supplements. That is why vitamin D is sold in high doses. However, it is important to have a check-up with your doctor before taking vitamin D.
Overdoses as well as deficiencies have negative consequences. (4)
Ingredients and yield
There are different vitamin D supplements on the market. Some of them contain additives. These can be maize, soya, yeast, peanut or gluten residues. Such additives do not promote the effect of vitamin D and can also be allergens. It is best to take vitamin D supplements without additives if possible. You can see from the combinatorial composition whether the respective preparation contains the additives.
You should also pay attention to the yield of the preparation. When buying, you have to choose the product that will last as long as possible. Liquid vitamin D, for example, has a high yield and can be used by the whole family over a longer period of time. (5)
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying liquid vitamin D
In order to inform you comprehensively about liquid vitamin D and to give you an understanding of the current state of science, we have summarised all the important information in the following sections.
What is vitamin D and why do I need it?
Bone tissue is constantly being built up and broken down. Vitamin D is important for these processes because it can promote bone formation and regulate the calcium level in the blood. When sufficient vitamin D is produced in the body, optimal mineralisation of the bones can be ensured. Vitamin D in the context increases calcium absorption from the intestine into the bloodstream.
It also decreases calcium excretion through the kidneys. Vitamin D promotes the formation and maturation of bone cells. Among its other functions, it can increase the build-up of calcium in the bones. (8) Vitamin D deficiency, on the other hand, leads to an increasing number of hip fractures in seniors. (10)
Vitamin D is responsible for controlling the enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase in the adrenal glands. It regulates the production and release of dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline. These hormones can influence our mood and play an important role in stress management. If not enough vitamin D is produced in our body, these neurohormones are released more. This increased release leads to chronic fatigue and permanent states of exhaustion.
For this reason, intensive research is now being conducted into how vitamin D can affect the central nervous system. It has even been proven that vitamin D is used in the prevention of several diseases of a mental nature. These are multiple sclerosis, depression, dementia, Parkinson's disease or stroke. (11) Vitamin D serves to modulate the immune response of the organism. It differentiates the T-helper cells and inhibits the formation of pathogenic cells. (12)
Prevention of diseases
Vitamin D plays a role in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases such as Parkinson's, schizophrenia or dementia. In a study from 2014, it was proven that subjects with vitamin D deficiency had a higher risk of dementia. It was also found that eating a balanced diet and supporting average vitamin D levels can significantly reduce the risk of developing the mental illnesses. (13)
When and for whom is it useful to take vitamin D?
The reason for this is the actual skin condition and the slowing down of the metabolic processes. There are also some factors that can also affect vitamin D production in the skin. Dark skin types, for example, need longer sun exposures because melanin slows down vitamin D3 formation. Sunscreens can prevent vitamin D formation in the skin during the application period. Additional intake of vitamin D is recommended for the other risk groups:
- Elderly people from about 70 years of age.
- Seniors in need of care who rarely leave the house.
- People who suffer from chronic gastrointestinal, liver or kidney disease.
- People with dark skin colour types, because increased melanin levels strongly block the sun's UVB radiation.
- People who do not go out in the sun with uncovered skin at all.
- Infants. Because the vitamin D content in mother's milk is low and the baby's skin must not be exposed to strong sunlight. (14, 10)
How much does liquid vitamin D cost?
In general, prices vary between 3 and 80 euros.
The price also depends on the manufacturer. Although the prices for comparable vitamin D preparations are roughly the same, they can differ depending on the supplier or brand as well as the ingredients. Therefore, it is worthwhile to determine a desired preparation and one's own needs before purchasing vitamin D. An appointment with your family doctor is a necessity.
What types of vitamin D products are there?
- Fortified food
There are 3 materials to use. Vitamin D2, vitamin D3 and vegan vitamin D3. Vitamin D2 can be found mainly in plants and plant products. Vitamin D3 is mainly found in animal products. Vitamin D3 can also have a plant origin.
When is vitamin D deficient?
If you have constant muscle cramps and sleep disturbances, you must contact your family doctor immediately. Because these symptoms can be caused not only by vitamin D deficiency. You may also be prescribed vitamin D supplements for tingling and numbness. To determine vitamin D deficiency, it is sufficient to take a laboratory test at the family doctor. This test shows the form in which vitamin D is stored in your body. The doctor can use these values to determine whether you should receive additional vitamin D supplements. (16)
How should liquid vitamin D be dosed?
|Value ng/ml||Value nmol/l*||Interpretation of results|
|11 - 30||Less than 30||Long-term vitamin D deficiency|
|31 - 40||50 - 80||Sufficient vitamin D supply|
|41 - 60||80 - 150||Good and preventive vitamin D supply|
Is there a vitamin D overdose?
The situation is different if vitamin D supplements are taken without a doctor's recommendation. If high doses of vitamin D are taken continuously, this can lead to vitamin D poisoning. This happens when you take more than 100 micrograms of vitamin D per day on a permanent basis. The symptoms of overdose could be nausea or muscle weakness, and in more severe cases vomiting or persistent drowsiness. (16)
Are there any side effects of liquid vitamin D?
- Permanent overdose
- Lack of important combination preparations
- Additives in the preparation
Continuous intake of large doses of vitamin D causes increased calcium absorption and its deposition. If vitamin K2 and magnesium are excluded, the removal of calcium can be impaired, which can lead to metabolic problems. A deficiency of vitamin K2 can lead to a deposition of calcium in the tissues and joints. As a result, kidney stones and calcification of vessels appear. Therefore, it is important not to overdose on vitamin D and to take it with all the necessary combination substances, i.e. magnesium and vitamin K2.
What alternatives are there to liquid vitamin D?
- Foods containing vitamin D
- Endogenous formation in the skin through solar radiation
The last pathway provides 80-90 per cent of the vitamin D formation. Various aspects play a role in this. For example, the time of year, clothing, skin type and cloud cover can affect the formation of vitamin D in the skin.
In winter and autumn, people spend less time in the sun due to the weather. It is recommended to be outside two to three times a week. This way you can promote vitamin D formation in the skin. Vitamin D can also be supplied through food. Foods containing vitamin D are herring, salmon, mackerel, liver and mushrooms. However, taking vitamin D supplements is only recommended in special cases. If an insufficient vitamin D supply has been proven, the additional supplements can be taken.
Image source: Olga Yastremska / 123rf
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