Finding the right make-up is not always easy. Numerous factors such as your skin type, skin tone or coverage can influence your choice. Here you can find out, among other things, what is important for these and other criteria.
In our make-up test 2021 we present the best and latest make-up sets from the respective categories. We also give you important tips and tricks about make-up. Whether liquid make-up, compact make-up, cream make-up or powder make-up, you will find the best make-up on the market.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The Best Make-Up: Our Picks
- 4 Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying make-up
- 5 Decision: What types of make-up are there and which is the right one for you?
- 5.1 What exactly is liquid make-up and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
- 5.2 What exactly is compact make-up and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
- 5.3 What exactly is cream make-up and what are the pros and cons?
- 5.4 What exactly is powder make-up and what are its advantages and disadvantages?
- 6 Buying criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate make-up
- 7 Facts worth knowing about make-up
- Make-up basically comes in liquid, powder, cream and compact form, depending on what suits your skin type better.
- The skin tone also plays a role. This determines the shape of the make-up, but above all the colour.
- Depending on the type, you also apply make-up differently. It may be that your fingers are enough, but sometimes you should also use a specific brush or sponge.
The Best Make-Up: Our Picks
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying make-up
What skin type am I?
Maybe you have already found out through your own experiences whether you tend to have oily or dry skin.
From your skin type, you can deduce which foundation is best for you. If you tend to have dry skin, you should choose a cream or liquid foundation. If you have oily skin, liquid foundation with a matte finish and powder make-up are ideal for you.
Did you know that you can get a professional skin analysis from your dermatologist?
They will examine the condition of your skin and, if they suspect an intolerance, they will also carry out allergy tests.
The advantage of a skin analysis is that your dermatologist can create a personalised skin care concept for you and tell you which ingredients you should avoid. You can then base the purchase of your make-up on this.
The following tables describe the different skin types:
|Normal skin||Smooth and polished to the touch, with the right degree of moisture, does not show impurities.|
|Dry skin||Little elasticity, rough, cracked, may show wrinkles. Can be caused by cold or dry air.|
|Oily skin||Shiny, prone to pimples and redness. Often seen in adolescents and may be hormonal.|
|Combination skin||Possesses characteristics of both dry and oily skin.|
What is my skin tone ?
If you get burnt very quickly when sunbathing and also hardly get a tan, this indicates a low melanin content in your skin, which in turn is a sign of a reddish skin type. In addition, your wrist veins show a bluish tint through the skin and you generally have a very fair complexion.
You tan quickly, unlike the previous example, and rarely get sunburned, which again indicates a high melanin content in your skin. In addition, the veins on your wrist appear greenish rather than bluish. Often people with yellowish skin tone have brown or green eyes.
Your skin already has a basic tan and sunburn is a foreign word to you. Also, your wrist veins tend to be greenish and you have European or Asian roots.
Once you've figured out your skin tone, there's nothing stopping you from finding the perfect make-up.
How do I remove make-up?
With its almost cream-like consistency, it gently cleanses your face. This makes it particularly suitable for dry and sensitive skin. It is best applied directly to your face with your hands and removed with a cotton pad. You can also wash it off your face carefully with lukewarm water.
Facial toner gives you pore-deep cleansing and is suitable for all skin types. But be careful: the packaging often indicates different skin types, so be careful when buying! Oily skin needs a different toner than dry skin. When cleansing, simply put some toner on a cotton pad and carefully remove your make-up with it.
Cleansing gel is particularly suitable for normal to oily skin. It cleanses deep into the pores and gives your skin a soft feeling. Simply apply the gel to your face with your hands in circular motions and rinse off with lukewarm water.
Make-up remover wipes:
Make-up removal wipes are suitable for all skin types due to their variety. However, they often leave an oily film on the skin after cleansing, which can easily be washed off with a toner. Especially when travelling, the wipes are a practical alternative to conventional make-up removers.
Always make sure to cleanse your skin thoroughly in the evening to prevent impurities, especially pimples and blackheads.
Where should I test the colour of my make-up?
The best way to do this is to put some of the foundation on your neck area. Under no circumstances should you try it on your hand or the back of your hand, as these tones differ considerably from your face.
It's best to choose three similar shades and apply them next to each other on your cheek in stripes. This way you can immediately see which is the perfect shade for you.
Decision: What types of make-up are there and which is the right one for you?
Basically, you can distinguish between four different types of foundation:
- Liquid Make Up
- Compact Make Up
- Cream Make Up
- Powder Make Up
Depending on what demands you have on your foundation, it is up to you to determine which foundation suits you best.
Depending on whether you have oily or dry skin, or whether you prefer light or heavy coverage, a different type of make-up is best suited for you. In the following section, we would like to help you find out which consistency suits you best and meets your needs.
For this purpose, we will present all the above-mentioned types of make-up and show you the advantages and disadvantages so that you will never have to stand in front of the make-up display again.
What exactly is liquid make-up and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
The all-rounder among the make-up types is suitable for every skin type with its medium to strong coverage and gives you a flawless complexion.
The liquid foundation is suitable for all skin types due to its composition. If you have dry skin, make sure you use a moisturising day cream first. If you have oily skin that tends to get shiny quickly, you should go for a matte finish. In addition, the liquid make-up has a medium coverage, which you can build up to a strong coverage by applying several layers.
A moisturiser and primer provide long-lasting hold, making it the ideal foundation for any evening make-up, so you can be the star of any party, worry-free. It also perfectly covers blemishes, fine lines and dark circles and gives you an even complexion.
Liquid make-up is the most popular and widely used among women. It is also the number one product among experts because its liquid consistency makes it very flexible to apply.
What exactly is compact make-up and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
Compact make-up conceals all redness and gives it no chance to reach the daylight.
With its high coverage, camouflage makes all impurities, large pores and scars on your skin disappear. You can either apply this type of make-up over a large area of your face, or only to certain areas that are particularly affected by pimples, etc.
Unlike other foundations, it is often water- and heat-resistant and won't let you down even during sweaty activities. It is best applied with a sponge and should be set with a powder afterwards.
What exactly is cream make-up and what are the pros and cons?
With its light to medium coverage, it is the ideal make-up for everyday wear and leaves your skin looking fresh and radiant every day.
Especially if you have dry skin, you should give this make-up a chance, as its mousse-like consistency makes it very moisturising. It also covers small blemishes or redness perfectly and gives you a natural complexion without being heavy on the skin. This makes it particularly suitable for clear skin where only a few impurities need to be covered.
If you have oily skin, you should stay away from this type of foundation, as its rich base can quickly lead to shiny areas. Cream foundation is easiest to apply all over the face with your hands. For a more matte finish, you can set it with a light powder.
What exactly is powder make-up and what are its advantages and disadvantages?
The faithful companion among make-up types is ideal for a quick touch-up of foundation on a stressful day due to its easy application.
With its light to medium coverage, powder foundation is ideal for clear skin or for setting foundation that has already been applied. It's also perfect to pack in your handbag to freshen up your make-up when needed.
If you tend to have oily skin, this is the best alternative to achieve a long-lasting matte finish. If you have dry skin, stay away from it as it can leave unsightly marks on the skin. The best way to apply powder make-up is with a brush or powder puff.
Buying criteria: You can use these factors to compare and evaluate make-up
In the following, we would like to show you which factors you can use to compare and evaluate make-up. This will make it easier for you to decide whether a certain make-up is right for you or not.
In summary, these are:
- Without animal testing
In the following paragraphs you can read about the individual purchase criteria and how you can classify them.
What opacity should the make-up have?
Often, the opacity of make-up is related to the occasion and/or the purity of your skin. You should also be aware that each type of foundation has a different level of coverage.
Light coverage is ideal for clear skin, covering light redness, dark circles or slight blemishes. Perfect for everyday wear as it feels very light on the skin. The cream foundation is especially good for dry skin as it is very moisturising, whereas the powder foundation is ideal for oily skin.
Medium coverage is ideal especially for slightly heavier blemishes, visible pores or redness on the face. This is where you will find liquid make-up, which is suitable for all skin types.
High coverage should only be used for severe blemishes, redness or large pores. Compact make-up is sometimes heavy on the skin and also clogs the pores. However, it's perfect for any party night where you can dance as much as you want - your make-up will last all night.
The more opaque your make-up, the quicker your skin can look mask-like. Therefore, if you use a high coverage foundation, make sure that it blends in well with your skin.
What is the shelf life of make-up?
Not only food, but also cosmetics have an expiry date. Especially with water-based make-up, you should keep an eye on how long it has been in use.
Especially with liquid and cream foundations, you should make sure that you continue to use the product for a maximum of one year after the first use. A pump dispenser also guarantees the longest shelf life, as it hardly contaminates the make-up. However, it should be replaced and cleaned regularly.
How much should my make-up cost?
From cheap to expensive - there are hardly any upper limits when it comes to make-up. Starting from three euros in the drugstore up to several hundred euros in specialist shops.
Inexpensive price range:
Especially in the drugstore you can find foundations of all kinds from 3 to 15 euros. We find that these are perfectly adequate for beginners and for everyday use. With such a wide range of products, you are guaranteed to find the right one for you, no matter what coverage or colour your make-up should have. In addition to the drugstore, there are also individual stores such as NYX or KIKO.
The middle class includes various brands that range from 20 to 50 euros. These include brands such as:
- MAC Cosmetics
- Bare Minerals
- Urban Decay
- Bobbi Brown
The High End category includes all high-priced brands over 50€, such as:
- Giorgio Armani
- Yves Saint Laurent
Everyone should decide for themselves how much they can or want to spend. However, make-up from the drugstore or from cheaper brands is not necessarily worse than its more expensive competitors.
Which make-up is silicone-free?
If you get blemishes, redness or even a rash from silicones in your foundation, you're probably wondering what make-up alternatives are left for you.
Silicones are in almost every foundation because they even out the skin's texture and make it appear flawless. This makes it all the more difficult to find make-up without silicones. Brands such as Bare Minerals that make mineral make-up do not use silicones. The make-up has a similar consistency to loose powder and is very easy to apply with a brush or sponge.
Which make-up is produced without animal testing?
It is becoming increasingly important to pay attention to whether the cosmetics used are produced without animal testing. But it is not always easy to find out at first glance. Here is a list of all brands that do not use animal testing.
During our research, we came across more brands than we thought. To our surprise, there are even some brands from the drugstore, such as..:
- Real Techniques
Facts worth knowing about make-up
How do I clean make-up brushes?
To prevent possible impurities, you should clean your brushes with baby shampoo and a wash mitt at least once a week, as well as your face.
Simply wet the brushes, lather everything well with some baby shampoo and the wash mitt and rinse thoroughly with cold water. However, you should make sure that the handles stay dry.
Then carefully squeeze the brushes again with a towel and let them dry on the edge of a table with the bristles hanging over the edge of the table. In this way, they will be dried from all sides at the same time and nothing will stand in the way of using them again soon.
How do I set make-up?
A simple powder, which can be transparent or match your skin tone, is often enough to set your foundation.
There are also setting sprays that can be sprayed all over your face to give a matte or shiny finish.
How do I apply make-up with a sponge / egg / beauty blender?
In the meantime, it has become more and more popular to apply foundation with a make-up egg in order to achieve a natural end result.
To do this, first moisten your sponge well with water and then squeeze it out again. First apply the foundation to your face or the back of your hand, then use your beauty blender and dabbing movements to perfectly blend the make-up into your skin.
How do I touch up my make-up?
After a long, sweaty day, it can be easy for your face to become a little shiny and for the coverage of your make-up to diminish.
So it's always handy to have a powder foundation or a translucent powder in your handbag so you can touch up your make-up in a quiet minute.
How do I apply make-up with my hands?
Applying make-up with your hands is the best and easiest way to waste as little product as possible.
However, you should make sure that you have cleaned your hands thoroughly beforehand. Then simply spread your make-up roughly over your face and work the foundation into your skin in small tapping motions.
How does baking work?
Baking has become a very popular method to make concealer under the eyes last longer.
The best way to do this is to use loose transparent powder, which you apply generously to the concealer, preferably with a make-up egg, and leave it to set for a few minutes. After you have applied your eye make-up, you can carefully remove the excess powder from under your eyes with a large brush.
How do I apply make-up naturally?
In the morning, you often don't have the time or the desire to spend hours getting ready for work, university or school. That's why many women find that a discreet make-up is perfectly adequate for everyday wear.
For a natural and quick look for every day, we recommend a tinted day cream or a BB cream. It covers minor redness and blemishes and is also moisturising. This will save you time so you can take full advantage of your beauty sleep. You can also add some mascara and a light blush to enhance your everyday look and you're ready to start the day fresh.
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