Last updated: August 11, 2021

Hot flushes, mood swings and fatigue? If you're around 50 and experiencing these problems, you may be entering menopause. Want to understand the main symptoms of menopause? We have prepared this article to help you, with it.

Here you will learn tips to relieve the symptoms of this period that bothers many women.




First, the most important

  • The menopause usually occurs around the age of 50. However, it can happen earlier or later. Before that, there is a period called pre-menopause, which usually appears about 10 years earlier.
  • The irregularity of menstruation associated with other symptoms is an indication that the woman is in the climacteric period, a period of change in the reproductive phase.
  • Diet is one of the allies in the relief of menopause symptoms. Check out our tips in this guide.

The Best Menopause Symptoms: Our Picks

Get to know the main menopause symptoms and tips to ease them

Menopause happens when menstruation completely ceases. This transition period is what we call climacteric, where the symptoms already begin due to hormonal changes.

Understanding the symptoms is a way to better deal with this phase, since you can seek alternatives to alleviate them.

Imagem mostra mulher idosa com calor se abanando com um leque

Heat waves are very common in menopause. (Source: fizkes / 123rf.com)

Recommendations to inform yourself and reduce menopausal symptoms

Understanding what is menopause is essential to better deal with the symptoms. That's why we've selected a few tipps to recommend. Also, supplements are great allies in this period. Check our recommendations.

Climacteric x Menopause

Before we talk about the symptoms, we need to understand what menopause is, when it happens and also the difference between it and climacterium.

In a very clear way, menopause begins when the woman definitely stops menstruating. The climacteric period is the transition period between the reproductive and non-reproductive phase.

During the climacteric period, menstruation can be very spaced due to hormonal alterations. Therefore, menopause is diagnosed when the woman does not menstruate for 12 consecutive months.

Menopause usually happens around the age of 50, but it is very natural that it occurs years before or after. Knowing your symptoms is essential for dealing with this phase.

Know all the menopause symptoms

One of the first and most obvious symptoms that a woman may be entering menopause is menstrual irregularity.

This means that it can oscillate between one cycle and the next. The flow can be more or less intense, last more or less days or simply not happen. Check out other common symptoms of menopause:

Hot flushes

This is a very common symptom and, unfortunately, it can last for a few years. Some women feel it while still in premenopause. Certain areas of the body can suddenly become hot, accompanied by sweating and redness.

The most common places for heat stroke to occur is on the face and neck. As well as appearing from one hour to another, the heat lasts for a short time and disappears suddenly.

Vaginal dryness

Due to the drop in the production of estrogen, a frequent symptom is vaginal dryness. This makes the vaginal canal drier, since it is the presence of mucus that moistens the vagina. Some women may experience other symptoms along with dryness, such as itching.

This symptom hinders sexual intercourse and can cause discomfort. The problem can be solved with the help of a lubricant.

Decreased libido

Women tend to have less sexual desire during menopause. This is a consequence of the hormonal changes during this period. However, vaginal dryness can also contribute to the reduction of libido, since discomfort and pain take the focus away from pleasure.

Casal sentado triste na cama.

The reduction in the libido is caused by the hormonal changes of the period. (Source: Alex Green / Pexels.com)

Insomnia and night sweats

Just as it happens during the day, sudden sweating can invade the night. In some women this heat is intensified in this period. This disrupts the quality of sleep, which can cause insomnia.

Irritability

Different feelings can also be a sign of menopause. Melancholy, tiredness, irritability and anxiety are very common during this phase. With the drop in estrogen production, there is a reduction in serotonin and dopamine.

You have to be careful not to trigger depression. If you are feeling sad too often, talk to your gynaecologist.

How long do menopause symptoms last?

There is no exact time frame for how long the symptoms last, especially because they are very different from one another. Still, this will depend on each woman's organism.

The average is that they disappear between two to five years after the first symptoms.

Tips to alleviate menopause symptoms

Talk to your doctor and draw up a plan to reduce the symptoms of menopause, especially compensating for the hormonal changes of the period, which may often need the help of supplements.

Either way, we've selected tips for all women facing the symptoms of this phase:

  1. Eat well. Eating well is a great ally in reducing the symptoms. Here we have two main tips: reduce coffee and eat more vegetables. Too much caffeine can generate more anxiety, since it reduces adenosine, a hormone that reduces stress. On the other hand, vegetables are rich in phytoestrogens, which compensate for estrogen, a hormone that falls during menopause.
  2. Drink water. Hydration of the body is fundamental. Menopause causes skin dryness, and an adequate intake of water helps to balance this symptom. Also, abuse moisturizing creams and body oil, if possible, complement this hydration with the help of some supplement.
  3. Practice physical activity. Even if tiredness and discouragement knock on the door, invest at least 30 minutes a day practicing some moderate exercise. Sedentary women may have some of the symptoms intensified, therefore physical activity helps to reduce them, improving the quality of life in this moment that can last up to five years.

Summary

Menopause happens when a woman stops menstruating for 12 consecutive months. This period can cause several symptoms that generate discomfort due to hormonal changes. Hot flushes, irritability and headaches are some of them.

It is possible to ease them with good eating habits, regular exercise and supplementation. We hope that this guide has answered your main questions about menopause.

(Source of the highlighted image: Marcus Aurelius / Pexels.com)

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