Last updated: August 10, 2021

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Propolis is a versatile product and was already used in 3100 BC. In ancient Egypt, propolis was used for mummification. People believed that gods used bees to make honey, medicines and ointments. In Greece, bee products were also linked to gods.

In modern times, bee products still play an important role. Propolis is one of the highest quality natural products on the market. Since the variety of propolis products is enormous, we have compared the different propolis here. In this article you will learn all the information about the effect, application and what you should pay attention to when buying propolis.


  • Propolis comes in various forms such as tincture, capsules, balm, spray, syrup, etc.
  • For external use, propolis is applied to the skin. For internal use, propolis is often consumed with other drinks or foods.
  • Propolis is suitable for adults, children and animals. However, the dosage is different for everyone.

The Best Propolis: Our Picks

Buying and evaluation criteria for propolis

To help you decide which propolis products to buy, we have listed the most important criteria below:

Now I'll explain what to look for in the criteria so that you can buy the right propolis for you


There are now many propolis products on the market. The most popular are tinctures and capsules. Propolis is available in the form of balm, spray, powder and gel, which are also available for different areas of application.

For dietary supplementation and strengthening the immune system, capsules and drops are very suitable. Balm and spray are good for wound healing and infections. In the beauty field, propolis cream, toner and serum are very preferred.


The dosage of propolis depends greatly on the product. For capsules and tablets, the content is given in grams. For liquid products (drops and sprays), the percentage indicates the proportion of propolis extract. The content for capsules can vary between 350 and 1000 mg per piece. The percentage for sprays is often 5 % and for tinctures 10-20 %.

Depending on the propolis product, you should pay attention to the quantity. Before each use, it is important to read the package insert for the correct dosage. The concentration varies and must be taken differently.


Propolis are mostly vegan. However, in the case of capsules, the shell is usually made of gelatine. If you do not tolerate gluten, there is also gluten-free propolis for you. In Germany, only a few certified organic beekeepers currently harvest propolis. You have to pay attention to the certification if you want to buy organic propolis.

Natural propolis does not contain alcohol. Propolis with alcohol is more effective against inflammations and infections. However, the concentration is very intense. That is why propolis is often mixed with water.


The main ingredients of propolis are resins, waxes, pollen and essential oils. The composition depends on the plant species, bee species and geographical location. Therefore, the ingredients vary according to these factors.

Propolis contains many vitamins, minerals, amino acids and organic substances such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, carbohydrates and isoprenoids. High-quality propolis does not contain any chemicals or additives (petroleum, silicone, fragrances and dyes).

Fields of application

Propolis can be used internally and externally. For external use, you can apply propolis to the skin, face and wounds.

For internal use there are several possibilities: You can simply take capsules and tablets with water. You can drink drops and tinctures pure or with water, tea and juice. Some also mix it with yoghurt, muesli, oatmeal, honey or flavour drops.

Propolis nasal spray is sprayed directly into the nostrils. With mouth and throat sprays, you spray the medicine on the mucous membrane of the mouth, gums or throat.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about propolis answered in detail

In the following, I explain the most frequently asked questions about propolis. Here you will find all the important information about propolis.

What is propolis?

Propolis is a resin produced by honey bees. Propolis has powerful effects against bacteria, viruses and fungi. Bees encapsulate their entire hive with this resin. Propolis thus serves as a protective and disinfectant agent for the hive.


Propolis is resin that bees collect from trees. Resins serve as a protective agent for the beehive. (Image source: Bianca Ackermann / Unsplash)

Bees collect resin from trees such as poplar, alder, birch and chestnut. These types of trees produce a lot of resins. Bees treat these resins together with beeswax, pollen and saliva to produce propolis.

What effect does propolis have?

As a natural product, propolis contains various components that influence its effect. Propolis has an antibiotic effect against bacteria, viruses and fungi. The effect of propolis is very effective against herpes, pimples and acne.

Propolis is a healing and immune-strengthening agent against diseases. Propolis is also effective as a care product against skin, nose and throat infections. A lot of research shows that propolis is an anti-aging agent. That is why propolis is also found in many cosmetic and care products.

Who is propolis good for?

Propolis is good for adults, children and animals. Propolis products can be used by people who suffer from inflammation, herpes and allergy. Babies cannot take propolis. It is also not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women. You will often find dosage information for young children on the packaging.

Veterinarians are increasingly using natural products such as propolis. There are propolis products that are especially suitable for animals such as horses, cows, dogs and cats. Animals with skin, respiratory and eye diseases can be treated with propolis.

What does propolis cost?

The price of propolis is mainly determined by the origin of the propolis, the type of product, the quantity or the brand. Propolis classic products have a fixed price range. This table should give you a little more information about the possible prices of a propolis:

Price range Available products
Low-priced (10 - 30 €) Classic propolis products: Tincture, capsules, balm, etc
Medium-priced (50 - 100 €) High-quality organic and natural propolis products
High-priced (from 100 €) Premium propolis tinctures, large quantity of raw propolis and tincture solution


Propolis products are very diverse. There is a propolis product for every application. If you are allergic to bees and beeswax, you should not take propolis. It is important to carry out an allergy test.

The natural and sustainable propolis from organic certified beekeepers is becoming more and more appreciated. The propolis prices for classic products are quite standard. When buying propolis, the dosage and the form of the product is very important.

(Image source: Ibrahim Özdemir / Unsplash)