You have heard of rutin, but you are not quite sure what it actually is? Or are you already familiar with rutin, but would like to know more about its uses and applications? Then you've come to the right place.
With our detailed Rutin Test 2020 we want to answer your questions about Rutin. We have compiled all the important information to help you with your purchase decision. Here you can find out what exactly rutin is, how it is best used and in which natural foods rutin is found.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The best Rutin: Our Picks
- 4 Buying and evaluation criteria for rutin
- 5 Guide: Frequently asked questions about rutin answered in detail
- 5.1 What is rutin and how does it work?
- 5.2 When and for whom is it useful to take rutin?
- 5.3 What types of rutin are there?
- 5.4 How quickly does rutin work?
- 5.5 Which foods contain rutin?
- 5.6 What alternatives are there to rutin?
- 5.7 Can I take rutin during pregnancy?
- 5.8 What side effects can occur when taking rutin?
- Rutin belongs to the flavonoid group and is a secondary plant compound that has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Rutin has many beneficial properties and can be used in many areas. These areas include cancer, vein problems and Alzheimer's disease.
- Most commonly, rutin is available for purchase in capsule form. Less commonly, rutin is also available for purchase in tablet form or as a tincture.
The best Rutin: Our Picks
There is a large selection of rutin products. To help you with your purchase decision, we have compiled our favourites below.
The best high-dose rutin capsules
Buying and evaluation criteria for rutin
When buying rutin, there are various aspects to consider. These are the following aspects:
These criteria should help you decide on the right rutin product.
When choosing a rutin product, you should make sure that it contains no additives such as flavourings or colourings. These are often added, but have no scientifically proven effectiveness. Therefore, you should make sure that only natural ingredients are used in the production of the rutin product of your choice.
Besides pure rutin products, rutin is also offered in combination with other ingredients. In particular, a combination of rutin and vitamin C or rutin and sweet clover is often offered, which is supposed to increase the health-promoting effect of rutin.
Especially when combining rutin with other ingredients, it is important to make sure that only the necessary ingredients are used.
When buying rutin, it pays to pay attention to the quality of the product. High quality rutin is free from ingredients such as artificial additives and preservatives, and instead contains only natural ingredients. Many of these rutin products benefit from being gluten and lactose free, as well as vegan.
Various labels and certificates can be an indication that the rutin has been tested in the laboratory for microbiological contamination.
The product should be sufficiently tested for salmonella, moulds and pesticides to ensure good quality. You should also make sure that you buy a rutin product that has been produced without genetic engineering.
Before buying, you should find out the recommended dosage for you to find the right product. Exact instructions on how much you should take can be found on the package or on the package insert of your product. You should follow these instructions to avoid overdosing on rutin.
If you are looking for high-dose rutin products, rutin capsules are the right choice for you. They come in different dosage strengths. Most packs have capsules with 450 milligrams or 500 milligrams of high-dose rutin.
Type of manufacture
There are two different ways rutin is manufactured. Firstly, there is the naturally occurring rutin. This is made from the extract of rutin-rich plants. An extract of the Japanese cord tree is often used for this purpose, as its leaves and flowers contain a lot of rutin.
There are also hydroxyethyl rutosides that are produced from natural rutin with the help of chemical processes. These include troxerutin and oxerutin. However, the effect of these rutosides hardly differs.
Guide: Frequently asked questions about rutin answered in detail
We have summarised the most important information about the effectiveness of rutin for you in the following sections.
What is rutin and how does it work?
Rutin can be used for a variety of complaints and applications. The secondary plant substances to which rutin belongs are said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. (1) . This makes it very versatile.
Below we have selected a few possible effects of rutin to give you an overview of how rutin works.
Effect on cancer
Rutin may have an anti-cancer effect by inhibiting the cell division of some types of cancer cells and thus slowing down their growth (2).
Taking rutin may have anti-leukaemic potential. Treatment with rutin may lead to a reduction in tumour weight and volume by significantly limiting tumour growth (3).
Effect in Alzheimer's disease
Rutin may have a positive effect on the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Studies have shown that rutin has an anti-inflammatory effect and can therefore also prevent inflammation-induced changes in the hippocampus (4). This may prevent cognitive deficits and thus be beneficial in combating Alzheimer's (5).
Rutin may have a blood pressure lowering effect. Taking rutin may therefore reduce oxidative stress, a dysbalance between oxidative and antioxidative processes in the body (6).
In addition, rutin has a blood-thinning effect by reducing blood clotting. Thus, taking rutin can reduce the risk of thrombosis (7).
Effect on varicose veins
Varicose veins can cause blood to back up in the veins of the legs. This causes the legs to swell due to water retention after standing for a long time. Rutin can counteract this by making blood vessels more resistant and promoting good circulation (8)
Effect on the skin
Plants produce rutin to protect themselves from the sun's UV rays. This protection is also beneficial for humans, as too much UV radiation on the skin causes it to age quickly.
To test the potential effect of rutin on the skin, various studies have been conducted. These show that rutin could act as a possible sunscreen and also protects cells and connective tissue (9, 10). This means that rutin can prevent skin ageing and make it look younger (11).
When and for whom is it useful to take rutin?
When taking rutin, you should make sure that you take it with enough water and preferably in combination with a meal.
We have listed the classic complaints or areas of application that can be treated with rutin below:
- Protection of the blood vessels (6, 7, 8)
- Lowering of the cholesterol level (12)
- Protection from UV rays (9, 10)
- Swollen legs (8)
- Detoxification of mercury (13)
- Treatment of cancer (2, 3)
- Strengthening the immune system (14)
Rutin is not suitable for you if you already have liver or kidney damage or suffer from heart failure. In this case, you should talk to your doctor about whether or not you can take rutin.
What types of rutin are there?
|Capsules||Capsules have no taste of their own and are often high in dosage.|
|Tablets||Tablets made from compressed rutin powder should be swallowed with sufficient liquid.|
|Tincture||The liquid variant is particularly easy to take and swallow.|
We will explain the advantages and disadvantages of the different types in more detail in the next few paragraphs.
Rutin in capsule form is offered by many different manufacturers, so there is a large selection to choose from. If you have any intolerances or if vegan products are important to you, there is a large selection of vegan capsules, whose shells are made without animal ingredients, and capsules that are lactose- and gluten-free.
In addition, the capsules are usually highly dosed and adjusted to the recommended daily amount. So you can take one capsule every day without having to weigh or prepare anything beforehand.
The practical package sizes ensure that you have an average supply of capsules for about four months and don't have to buy new ones so often.
Capsules are often available in combination with other active ingredients. When buying, you should therefore pay attention to the ingredients of the capsules to avoid buying capsules with undesirable ingredients.
Rutin tablets usually have a lower dosage than capsules and are therefore suitable if you want to buy a preparation with a low dosage. They come in different pack sizes, so you can easily stock up on tablets, just like with capsules.
Tablets have the disadvantage that, unlike capsules, they have a taste of their own and can taste bitter in the mouth. This can make it difficult to swallow the tablet.
The advantage of a tincture is that it can be dosed easily and individually as needed. The desired amount of drops can be added to sufficient liquid and thus easily taken. This is especially advisable if you have problems swallowing capsules or tablets or do not like to do so.
However, rutin tinctures are rarely offered. In addition, tinctures are usually very expensive compared to the other types of rutin.
How quickly does rutin work?
When you take rutin, you should not expect an immediate effect. It takes a while for the body to absorb enough for the positive effects of rutin to take effect. It usually takes about 4 to 8 weeks before the first results from taking rutin become apparent.
Which foods contain rutin?
- Goji berries
- Green and black tea
Buckwheat in particular contains a lot of rutin (15). Therefore, buckwheat sprouts or buckwheat teas are a good alternative to rutin capsules or tinctures. Teas are easy to prepare and can be dosed individually as needed. The same applies to buckwheat sprouts. These can be sprinkled over dishes such as salads or soups and thus provide sufficient rutin in the diet.
In addition, the peels of many fruits and vegetables contain natural rutin. This is especially the case with citrus fruits and apples. That's why it's best to eat fresh, unsprayed apples with their skins on, as important nutrients are lost when they are peeled.
What alternatives are there to rutin?
Other natural substances that have a similar effect to rutin are listed in the table below.
|Stinging nettle||Stinging nettle is highly valued as a natural medicinal plant. Just like rutin, stinging nettle has an anti-inflammatory effect and can also relieve pain (16).|
|Horse chestnut||The ingredients of horse chestnuts can have positive effects on the blood vessels and thus alleviate symptoms of weak veins in the legs (17).|
Of course, there are many other plants in nature that have healing properties. Many of these medicinal plants, such as horse chestnut and sweet clover, can also be bought in combination with rutin to achieve the best possible effect.
Can I take rutin during pregnancy?
Rutin can help with swollen legs and varicose veins towards the end of pregnancy (18). However, the study on this was only done with a very small number of women and therefore cannot be generalised. Therefore, if you are pregnant, you should discuss taking rutin with your doctor beforehand.
What side effects can occur when taking rutin?
If you experience any of these symptoms after taking rutin, you should stop taking it. In this case, check with your doctor if you are intolerant to rutin before taking any more.
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Javed H, Khan MM, Ahmad A, Vaibhav K, Ahmad ME, Khan A, Ashafaq M, Islam F, Siddiqui MS, Safhi MM, Islam F. Rutin prevents cognitive impairments by ameliorating oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in rat model of sporadic dementia of Alzheimer type. Neuroscience. 2012 May 17;210:340-52. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.02.046. Epub 2012 Mar 6. PMID: 22441036.
Kim DW, Hwang IK, Lim SS, Yoo KY, Li H, Kim YS, Kwon DY, Moon WK, Kim DW, Won MH. Germinated Buckwheat extract decreases blood pressure and nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity in aortic endothelial cells in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Phytother Res. 2009 Jul;23(7):993-8. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2739. PMID: 19140152.
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Ihme N, Kiesewetter H, Jung F, Hoffmann KH, Birk A, Müller A, Grützner KI. Leg oedema protection from a buckwheat herb tea in patients with chronic venous insufficiency: a single-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1996;50(6):443-7. doi: 10.1007/s002280050138. PMID: 8858269.
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Choi KS, Kundu JK, Chun KS, Na HK, Surh YJ. Rutin inhibits UVB radiation-induced expression of COX-2 and iNOS in hairless mouse skin: p38 MAP kinase and JNK as potential targets. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2014 Oct 1;559:38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2014.05.016. Epub 2014 May 26. PMID: 24875145.
Choi SJ, Lee SN, Kim K, Joo da H, Shin S, Lee J, Lee HK, Kim J, Kwon SB, Kim MJ, Ahn KJ, An IS, An S, Cha HJ. Biological effects of rutin on skin aging. Int J Mol Med. 2016 Jul;38(1):357-63. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2016.2604. Epub 2016 May 24. PMID: 27220601.
da Silva RR, de Oliveira TT, Nagem TJ, Pinto AS, Albino LF, de Almeida MR, de Moraes GH, Pinto JG. Efeito hipolipidêmico dos flavonóides naringina e rutina [Hypocholesterolemic effect of naringin and rutin flavonoids]. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2001 Sep;51(3):258-64. Portuguese. PMID: 11795241.
Caglayan C, Kandemir FM, Yildirim S, Kucukler S, Eser G. Rutin protects mercuric chloride-induced nephrotoxicity via targeting of aquaporin 1 level, oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation in rats. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2019 Jul;54:69-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2019.04.007. Epub 2019 Apr 18. PMID: 31109623.
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