Last updated: October 15, 2021

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Welcome! Among the best activities to practice in Mexico is surfing, a water sport whose main element is a board. Now, you will learn about the best surfboards available on the market, features, advantages, disadvantages and factors to consider before buying yours.

Today we also want to tell you that Mexico is known worldwide as one of the ideal places for surfing, due to its climatic conditions and its paradisiacal beaches, including: Puerto escondido (Oaxaca), La Ticla (Michoacán), Mazatlán (Sinaloa), among others.


  • Surfboards are designed to turn or glide standing upright on the waves of the sea.
  • Furthermore, they can be classified according to size, materials of manufacture, shape and design; these qualities are also related to the needs of the athlete and the types of surfing.
  • Considering the design, it is possible to separate surfboards into conventional and non-conventional surfboards.

The best Surfboards: Our Picks

Buying guide: what you need to know about Surfboards

Surfing improves your physical build and reduces stress.
(Photo: maridav/

What is a surfboard and what are the advantages of surfing?

A surfboard is a basic element used to glide over the waves of the sea; consequently, if you want to reach a professional level as a surfer you need to be fully familiar with your surfboard.

  • It positively influences emotions
  • It burns a lot of calories due to its demanding physical activity
  • It increases lung capacity and resistance
  • Drowning
  • Sea currents
  • Sea animals

What are the parts of a surfboard?

If you are not yet so immersed in the world of surfing, here we teach you to differentiate each of the parts of a surfboard. This way, when you buy one, you will be able to compare with more knowledge and precision:

  • Nose: First curved segment of your surfboard, it has a pointed shape and its purpose is to facilitate your manoeuvres in the water.
  • Rocker. This is the concave part of the board. When choosing one, you have to find a balance, the more pronounced the meniscus, the easier it will be to manipulate your board, with less speed.
  • Leash. This is the adaptable rope that is attached to the board at one end and has an ankle strap at the other end. Its purpose is to keep you attached to the outline (general shape of a surfboard) while surfing.
  • Fins or fins. They serve to provide stability to your surfboard; simultaneously, they are steering tools that will allow you to turn, they can be interchangeable or stable.
  • Tail. This last segment is a narrower area than the tip and depending on its characteristics, its functions may vary. For example: if it is wide, it is useful for sliding on soft waves; on the other hand, if it is narrow, it will adapt better to bigger waves. The shape of the tail influences the purpose of the board, so if it is circular, your surfboard will glide more easily and if it is straight, it will help you to perform the best manoeuvres and impress your spectators.
  • The edges (rail) of your surfboard also affect its attributes; if they are circular, the board will have more stability and if they have curves, it will be easier to manoeuvre.
  • The bottom is the rear area of the board; it is often concave and contributes to the glide.

Conventional and non-conventional surfboards - what should you pay attention to?

Historically, conventional surfboards have a pointed nose and concave edges. Nowadays, new designs are adapted to different surfing techniques and activities. So here are the differences.

Conventional surfboards Unconventional surfboards
Rounded edges Concave edges
Their support is in the centre, being unstable Support in the front and back, having greater safety
Their front area is wide, but they are short Its measurements are more precise
They are perfect for surfing all types of waves It is designed to improve standing, agility in wave catching and manoeuvrability.

Buying criteria

Before investing in a surfboard, you should know its characteristics, each model is designed for a specific purpose, this influences the speed, manoeuvres, size and the material of manufacture. Here are some relevant points.

Types of Surfboards

  1. Stand Paddle Board: This is the largest and is designed to support the weight of an adult in different circumstances. In this case, the surfer carries a paddle that propels him/her and assists in his/her manoeuvres.
  2. Longboard: Its tip is circular, perfect for gliding over medium waves.
  3. Gun: Sharp nose, it is designed for surfing big waves, it is quite high and has excellent speed.
  4. Malibu: It has a rounded tip, similar to the plank but smaller. It is ideal for beginners.
  5. Evolutiva: Stable, wide and voluminous. Normally used for learning to surf.
  6. Shortboard: It is the best alternative for surfing, since it adapts to all types of waves. This is due to its balance between speed and manoeuvrability.
  7. Retro: It is shorter than normal, thick and its nose is wide. It is not the best for sliding in very big waves.
  8. Fish: It is long and adapts very well to smaller or medium-sized waves.
  9. Town-in: It must be propelled by a small boat. It is identified for being the shortest and narrowest of all surfboards.

If your surfboard lacks a rocker, it will reach higher speeds, but you won't be able to handle it easily.
(Photo: soloway/


Nowadays, surfboards are made of fibre or synthetic materials, which recreate the stability of wood. Commonly, low-density polypropylene plastics float better, but are heavier; simultaneously, they are unpleasant to the touch.

For example, a professional surfboard is made of Foam and wood; consequently, it is more resistant to pressure, which will prevent dents in the board. However, most are made of Polyester Resin, a cheaper material than Epoxy Resin, but the latter is superior in quality.

Surfing has been around for 500 years.
(Photo: Elizabeth Engle/


The measurements of a surfboard are expressed as follows: length (feet) x width (inches) x thickness. Each inch is 2.54 cm and one foot is equal to 12 inches (30.48 cm). Length being the distance from the tail to the tip, a longer, wider and thicker board will be firmer but less manoeuvrable.

The thicker a surfboard is, the more buoyant it will be, but the less manoeuvrable it will be. For experienced surfers, a board with less length, width and thickness is best; for beginners, more inches, feet and volume is recommended.

(Featured image photo: Mirko Vitali/