Last updated: August 9, 2021

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You may have already heard that Swiss stone pine oil can have a calming effect on the body. Here we show you what other scientifically proven effects this oil has and how it is extracted from the Swiss stone pine.

Furthermore, you will find out in our Swiss stone pine oil test 2021 which criteria you can use to find the right Swiss stone pine oil for you. We will provide you with all the necessary information about Swiss stone pine oil and give you a basic overview of this essential oil.




Summary

  • This test shows how Swiss stone pine oil from the wood of the Swiss stone pine can have positive properties on the body, but also what other effects can be achieved with this oil.
  • Swiss stone pine oil is available in different forms, as a classic essential oil, but also as a balm or room spray mixed with alcohol. In this article you will find out which form is right for you.
  • Some beneficial healing effects of Swiss stone pine oil have been shown in studies. These include the positive influence on the heart rate and the general ability to cope with stress and recover.

The Best Swiss Stone Pine Oil: Our Choices

Buying and evaluation criteria for Swiss stone pine oil products

When buying Swiss stone pine oil, you can pay attention to various aspects, such as:

In the following, we will show you these 4 criteria that will help you decide between the Swiss stone pine oils:

Purity

When it comes to purity, you should choose a 100 percent natural product, which you can either find in the product description or verify by looking at the ingredients.

Many oils for room freshening often use aroma or even other oils for stretching, which reduces the natural effect and in the worst case can even cause unwanted allergies or skin rashes.

Organic quality

Another quality level are the organic certified Swiss stone pine oils, here an ecologically sustainable form of stone pine extraction is used. Significantly fewer processing aids are permitted in the processing of the oil than in conventional oil processing.

Due to the organic certification, no chemical production is possible, often even wild growth is used for the harvest, which results in an even higher quality level.

Quantity

You can choose the amount of oil you want, most bottles contain about 10 millilitres up to 100 millilitres. For the most common applications, you only need a few drops of Swiss stone pine oil.

With large bottles, you should pay particular attention to the purity of the oil, as these quantities are more likely to be stretched variants. In the following sections, you will learn more about the dosage of Swiss stone pine oil, so that it is easier for you to choose the right amount.

Basically, you can't go wrong with a 10 millilitre bottle and thus the smallest packaging size to start with.

Properties of the bottle and accessories

Swiss stone pine oil is sold in various bottles, most of which are amber glass apothecary bottles, which should be chosen in order to protect the contents.

When choosing a bottle, the quality of the lid can also play a role. Some bottles come with a pipette or even a dropper to make dosing as easy as possible, and there are also variants with an atomiser.

With pipette / dropper

In order to be able to dose the oil without loss, there is Swiss stone pine oil in bottles with a pipette. If you want to measure the amount as precisely as possible, a so-called dropper may be the right accessory for you.

With atomizer

If you want to distribute the oil finely in the air without a diffuser or aroma lamp, a bottle cap with an atomiser is ideal. It is ideal for room scenting, neutralising odours or reactivating stone pine or sleeping pillows.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about Swiss stone pine oil products answered in detail

In order to inform you comprehensively about the effectiveness and use of Swiss stone pine oil and to give you an understanding of the current state of science, we have summarised all the important information in the following sections.

What is Swiss stone pine oil and how is it extracted?

Swiss stone pine oil is extracted from the Swiss stone pine, also known as Swiss stone pine. The Swiss stone pine is a very stubborn pine plant that withstands the harsh weather conditions of its natural environment.

Zirbenöl-1

Needles, twigs and cones are mainly used to extract Swiss stone pine oil.
(Image source: pixabay / Hans Braxmeier)

Swiss stone pine grows mainly in the Alps and the Carpathians at altitudes of up to 2000 metres above sea level. The tree grows to a height of about 25 metres and can reach a maximum age of about 1000 years.

For the production of Swiss stone pine oil, needles, twigs and cones of the Swiss stone pine are used and mostly produced with a very gentle traditional method, namely distillation by steam, thus preserving valuable ingredients. To distil 100 millilitres of Swiss stone pine oil, about 100 kilograms of the pine plant are needed.

Harvesting Swiss stone pine cones and needles is a difficult process, as this tree only grows at altitudes above 1300 metres and it is not a fall harvest, i.e. the cones do not fall to the ground as they do with fir trees.

The collectors need permits or their own areas for harvesting, as in most places there is a ban on collecting according to the Nature Conservation Act.

How does Swiss stone pine oil work and for which applications are these active ingredients useful?

The effect of Swiss stone pine oil is due to the ingredients contained in the pine tree, which are described below:

Active ingredient Area of application
Bornyl acetate May have positive effects on fertility and birth and thus have an anti-abortive effect(1). Furthermore, according to studies, bornyl acetate, which is contained in Swiss stone pine oil, has a preventive and regulating effect on inflammation in the lungs(2).
Cineol Cineol is in itself a terpene which is also found in eucalyptus plants, it has been shown that cineol as well as bornyl acetate can have positive effects on pneumonia(3) and colds, furthermore a reduction of nasal polyps was shown by cineol(4).
Limonene This active ingredient is said to have antitumour, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects(5). Caries in its early stages can possibly be prevented with limonene and its progression slowed down by inhibiting collagen degradation in the tooth(6).
Pinosylvin One of the largest active ingredients within Swiss stone pine oil is pinosylvin, which has a positive effect on sleep disorders and insomnia and provides antibacterial effects. (7, 8) Due to the antibacterial effect and other properties of pinosylvin, it is also used for oral hygiene and can have positive effects on cancer formation(9, 10).
Pinene According to some studies it has antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties, furthermore it can have a positive effect on muscle spasms and their pain(11, 12, 13).

These ingredients can also be found in many other individual plants. Swiss stone pine oil, however, has a very good combination of all the active ingredients listed and is therefore considered a highly valued mountain product.

What other positive effects can be achieved with Swiss stone pine oil?

Swiss stone pine oil is used, among other things, as a natural remedy, but also as a moth and insect repellent; according to studies, it also purifies the air and improves its quality.

Apart from the individual active ingredients, Swiss stone pine oil and Swiss stone pine as a whole have been scientifically investigated with the following results:

Circulation, sleep and well-being: Several tests showed that differences in the quality of relaxation can occur in a stone pine room compared to an identical wood decor room. This is clearly demonstrated by a lower heart rate and an accelerated vegetative recovery process due to the essential oils which

Arolla pine furniture releases. In the case of sleep, a possible positive influence on the quality of sleep and the mental state was shown, and sociability could also be increased. Possibly for this reason, local facilities were lined with Swiss stone pine panelling at that time(14).

Moth protection: Swiss stone pine wood can have a positive effect on the reduction of clothes moths compared to other types of wood. If stone pine wood is also treated with stone pine oil, this showed a further reduction in terms of larvae formation and the associated reduced loss of feeding on clothing(15).

Reduction of fine dust: In rooms with high fine dust pollution, the effects of Swiss stone pine can respond positively to the reduction of fine dust(16).

Antibacterial effect: Swiss stone pine wood and thus also Swiss stone pine oil can have an antibacterial effect and thus have an effect on the formation of colonies of bacteria. This effect is particularly effective in humid environments(17).

Swiss stone pine oil has many advantages, but there are also side effects, but these are relatively minor. When applied directly to the skin, you should choose Swiss stone pine oil in the form of a balm or dilute the Swiss stone pine oil slightly, otherwise skin irritation and irritation may occur.

Zirbenöl-3

Swiss stone pine oil can be ideally dosed with the help of a pipette.
(Image source: pixabay / Erin_Hinterland)

Hypersensitivity can trigger allergies on the skin. If the dosage is too high, headaches may occur; otherwise, no other side effects are known.

What types and forms of pine oil are there?

Swiss stone pine oil is available in various forms, depending on the area of application. The main part of the products sold, however, is the conventional Swiss stone pine oil. Basically, one can distinguish between three types:

Type Description
Conventional Swiss stone pine oil Forms the purest form without further supplementary additives and can be used most widely
Swiss stone pine oil balsam Is ideal for direct application to the skin due to its gentle form
Swiss stone pine oil spray Can be perfectly dispersed in the air due to its atomiser at the end of the bottle and the alcohols contained in the spray

Some of the following effects are scientifically proven and listed in the previous sections, other examples of effects are often of naturopathic origin and not proven, but their use is widespread.

Traditional Swiss stone pine oil

There are many different ways in which you can use Swiss stone pine oil. The most common uses of Swiss stone pine oil are as a room fragrance, for inhalation, as a bath additive, for massage or as an insect repellent.

Room fragrance: As a room fragrance, you can use Swiss stone pine oil in fragrance lamps or in a diffuser, but also drizzle it on scented stones or wooden balls to distribute a pleasant aroma in the room.

Inhalation: To inhale Swiss stone pine oil, put a few drops in a bowl filled with warm water. Under a towel, you can inhale the vapours deeply if you have a cold or sinusitis. Inhalation can also cleanse the skin of the face and relieve headaches.

Insect protection: To protect your wardrobe from moths, you can wipe it with a mixture of water and a few drops of pine oil. Afterwards, hang a scented sachet with Swiss stone pine oil in your wardrobe and you should be protected from annoying clothes moths for a long time.

You can also keep mosquitoes away with a fragrance lamp and Swiss stone pine oil. In the case of insect bites, it is a good idea to drip Swiss stone pine oil on the bite in order to reduce your bite symptoms as much as possible.

Bath: In a bath you can draw from the vapours of the Swiss stone pine oil. To do this, mix the oil with sea salt to bind it so that it is well distributed in the bath water. This type of bath is said to have a calming, immune-boosting, mood-lifting and cleansing effect on the skin.

Massage: For a relaxing massage, you can mix the oil of Swiss stone pine with other natural oils. Suitable oils are for example: Coconut oil, olive oil, hemp oil, jojoba oil or almond oil.

Zirbenöl-2

When mixing Swiss stone pine oil with another oil, you can add other suitable ingredients to your massage oil. (Image source: pixabay/Steve Buissinne)

This overview consists of frequently used application examples, but there are many more ways to use Swiss stone pine oil. You will be informed about the dosages of the individual applications in one of the following chapters.

Swiss stone pine oil balsam

Due to its creamy texture, Swiss stone pine oil balsam is ideal for applying to the skin and, according to some reports, can have a positive effect on rheumatism, arthritis, arthrosis or aching joints, as well as muscle pain, but the balsam is also used for colds.

Not only the pain is supposed to be reduced with Zirbenöl Balsam, but also the care of the skin is in the foreground, through its oily properties, it is kept supple.

You can apply the balm to the upper part of the back near the shoulder blades or on the chest when you have a cold or flu. Some also rub a small amount under the nose to inhale the essential oils.

The balm is said to have a calming effect and to clear the respiratory tract and relieve inflammation.

Swiss Pine Oil Spray

Swiss stone pine oil spray is mixed with alcohol in order to atomise more finely and leave a smaller oil film. You can use this spray to freshen up your pine cushions, pine wood or furniture. It can also be mixed directly with the air as a room freshener.

Oil is difficult to spray and achieves a very fine atomisation when mixed optimally with alcohol. You can also use it for bad smells in the kitchen or against cigarette smells, which are supposed to be neutralised by the Swiss stone pine oil spray.

How much do Swiss stone pine oil products cost?

The price range for Swiss stone pine oil is large. Depending on the quantity, type, quality and manufacturer, the costs for pure Swiss stone pine oil vary between approx. 2.50 euros and can rise to 100 euros for large quantities.

For a better comparison, we have listed a price overview that shows the price per 10 millilitres. The price for balm and spray is significantly lower due to the mixture with cream and alcohol.

Art price range
Swiss stone pine oil approx. 2.50-12 euros/10 millilitres
Organic Swiss stone pine oil approx. 5.50 to 20 euros/10 millilitres
Swiss stone pine oil balm approx. 0.45 to 1.00 euros/10 millilitres
Swiss stone pine oil spray approx. 1.20 to 1.60 euros/10 millilitres

Basically, it can be said that a higher purchase quantity leads to a lower price per 10 millilitres, but the quality is also responsible for the price.

How should pine oil be dosed?

As a guideline, one drop corresponds to about 0.05 millilitres, which would correspond to 200 drops in a 10 millilitre bottle. The following table shows recommended dosages for your applications:

Application Dosage
Massage 1 to 2 drops to 15 millilitres of base oil
Aroma Diffuser 1 to 3 drops to 500 millilitres of water
Cosmetics 1 to 2 drops to 15 millilitres of base cream
Aroma Bath 7 to 10 drops mixed with sea salt
Evaporation in an aroma lamp 1 to 2 drops to 15 millilitres of water
Sauna 20 drops to 5 litres of infusion water
Mixture for the skin 2 to 3 drops to 50 millilitres of water

This will give you an approximate estimate and help you choose the amount of oil you need.

What products are available on the subject of Swiss stone pine oil?

In order to be able to use Swiss stone pine oil ideally, there are several products around this topic. The following table shows you what these are and what they are used for:

Swiss stone pine pillow A Swiss stone pine pillow consists of Swiss stone pine shavings. You can use it for sleeping and, in order to maintain the aroma, sprinkle it with Swiss stone pine oil from time to time.
Zirbenauge A Zirbenauge or Duftauge is a round eye-shaped ball that is ideal as a fragrance dispenser when dripped with Zirben oil
Aroma diffuser An aroma diffuser forms a fine aromatic mist by mixing Zirben oil with water to freshen up a room.
Aroma lamp Aroma lamps are usually operated with a tea light or a candle. The heat of the candle is used to vaporise a mixture of water and Swiss stone pine oil to aromatise the room. However, there are also variants with direct light bulbs for heating.
Swiss stone pine cube with shavings This is a wooden cube filled with Swiss stone pine shavings that can be sprinkled with Swiss stone pine oil as needed. It is suitable for distributing the scent in the room.
Room fan made of Swiss stone pine There are now various room fan models made of Swiss stone pine, which distribute the pleasant smell of Swiss stone pine in the room by means of a fan. Some models also serve as air humidifiers.

Furthermore, there are some gift boxes with Swiss stone pine wood and Swiss stone pine oil with which you can give pleasure to your loved ones.

Image source: Khlapushyna / 123rf

References (17)

1. Wang X, Ma A, Shi W, Geng M, Zhong X, Zhao Y. Quercetin and Bornyl Acetate Regulate T-Lymphocyte Subsets and INF-γ/IL-4 Ratio In Utero in Pregnant Mice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:745262. doi: 10.1155/2011/745262. Epub 2010 Sep 29. PMID: 20981318; PMCID: PMC2958556.
Source

2. Chen N, Sun G, Yuan X, Hou J, Wu Q, Soromou LW, Feng H. Inhibition of lung inflammatory responses by bornyl acetate is correlated with regulation of myeloperoxidase activity. J Surg Res. 2014 Jan;186(1):436-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2013.09.003. Epub 2013 Sep 29. PMID: 24120240.
Source

3. Li Y, Lai Y, Wang Y, Liu N, Zhang F, Xu P. 1, 8-Cineol Protect Against Influenza-Virus-Induced Pneumonia in Mice. Inflammation. 2016 Aug;39(4):1582-93. doi: 10.1007/s10753-016-0394-3. PMID: 27351430.
Source

4. Koennecke M, Benecke F, Masche A, Linke R, Bruchhage KL, Pries R, Klimek L, Wollenberg B. Increased phosphorylation of eNOS in nasal polyps of chronic rhinosinusitis patients can be diminished by 1,8-cineol. Nitric Oxide. 2018 Aug 1;78:89-94. doi: 10.1016/j.niox.2018.06.002. Epub 2018 Jun 6. PMID: 29885366.
Source

5. Mukhtar YM, Adu-Frimpong M, Xu X, Yu J. Biochemical significance of limonene and its metabolites: future prospects for designing and developing highly potent anticancer drugs. Biosci Rep. 2018 Nov 13;38(6):BSR20181253. doi: 10.1042/BSR20181253. PMID: 30287506; PMCID: PMC6239267.
Source

6. Ma L, Chen J, Han H, Liu P, Wang H, Lin S, Zhang Q, Lu D, Zhang X. Effects of lemon essential oil and limonene on the progress of early caries: An in vitro study. Arch Oral Biol. 2020 Mar;111:104638. doi: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.104638. Epub 2019 Dec 23. PMID: 31901573.
Source

7. Kafle OP, Cheng S, Ma M, Li P, Cheng B, Zhang L, Wen Y, Liang C, Qi X, Zhang F. Identifying insomnia-related chemicals through integrative analysis of genome-wide association studies and chemical-genes interaction information. Sleep. 2020 Sep 14;43(9):zsaa042. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsaa042. PMID: 32170308.
Source

8. Bien-Aime S, Yu W, Uhrich KE. Pinosylvin-Based Polymers: Biodegradable Poly(Anhydride-Esters) for Extended Release of Antibacterial Pinosylvin. Macromol Biosci. 2016 Jul;16(7):978-83. doi: 10.1002/mabi.201500454. Epub 2016 Apr 13. PMID: 27071713.
Source

9. Chen MK, Liu YT, Lin JT, Lin CC, Chuang YC, Lo YS, Hsi YT, Hsieh MJ. Pinosylvin reduced migration and invasion of oral cancer carcinoma by regulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Sep;117:109160. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2019.109160. Epub 2019 Jul 1. PMID: 31387166.
Source

10. Ketola K, Viitala M, Kohonen P, Fey V, Culig Z, Kallioniemi O, Iljin K. High-throughput cell-based compound screen identifies pinosylvin methyl ether and tanshinone IIA as inhibitors of castration-resistant prostate cancer. J Mol Biochem. 2016 Mar 30;5(1):12-22. PMID: 27891324; PMCID: PMC5120689.
Source

11. Salehi B, Upadhyay S, Erdogan Orhan I, Kumar Jugran A, L D Jayaweera S, A Dias D, Sharopov F, Taheri Y, Martins N, Baghalpour N, Cho WC, Sharifi-Rad J. Therapeutic Potential of α- and β-Pinene: A Miracle Gift of Nature. Biomolecules. 2019 Nov 14;9(11):738. doi: 10.3390/biom9110738. PMID: 31739596; PMCID: PMC6920849.
Source

12. Hou J, Zhang Y, Zhu Y, Zhou B, Ren C, Liang S, Guo Y. α-Pinene Induces Apoptotic Cell Death via Caspase Activation in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Sep 4;25:6631-6638. doi: 10.12659/MSM.916419. PMID: 31482864; PMCID: PMC6743669.
Source

13. John de Oliveira Melo A, Heimarth L, Maria Dos Santos Carvalho A, de Souza Siqueira Quintans J, Serafini MR, Antunes de Souza Araújo A, Alves PB, Ribeiro AM, Shanmugam S, Quintans-Júnior LJ, Duarte MC. Eplingiella fruticosa (Lamiaceae) essential oil complexed with β-cyclodextrin improves its anti-hyperalgesic effect in a chronic widespread non-inflammatory muscle pain animal model. Food Chem Toxicol. 2020 Jan;135:110940. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2019.110940. Epub 2019 Nov 3. PMID: 31693914.
Source

14. Prof. Dr. M. Moser. Auswirkungen von Zirbenholz als Einrichtungsmaterial auf Kreislauf, Schlaf, Befinden und vegetative Regulation. Joanneum Research - Institut für Nichtinvasive Diagnostik. 2003 Okt;
Source

15. Dr. H. Berghold. Zirbenholz - Bioinhibitorische Wirkung. Johanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Insitut für Nachhaltige Techniken und Systeme - Chemisch Technische Pflanzennutzung. 2012 Sep;
Source

16. C. Rieder-Gradinger; Endbericht zum Innovationscheck, Reduktion von Keimen, Feinstaub und Gerüchen; Kompetenzzentrum Holz GmbH; Tu-Wien, Institut für Verfahrenstechnik. 2012 Dez;
Source

17. Prof. Dr. H. Stan-Lotter, Universität Salzburg; Mag. J. Aschl, Universität Salzburg; Arvenholz gegen Bakterien Ausz. Untersuchung zur möglichen antibakteriellen Wirkung von Zirbenholz; Universität Salzburg - Insitut für Genetik und Allgemeine Biologie. 2001 Juli
Source

Wissenschaftliche Studie
Wang X, Ma A, Shi W, Geng M, Zhong X, Zhao Y. Quercetin and Bornyl Acetate Regulate T-Lymphocyte Subsets and INF-γ/IL-4 Ratio In Utero in Pregnant Mice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:745262. doi: 10.1155/2011/745262. Epub 2010 Sep 29. PMID: 20981318; PMCID: PMC2958556.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Chen N, Sun G, Yuan X, Hou J, Wu Q, Soromou LW, Feng H. Inhibition of lung inflammatory responses by bornyl acetate is correlated with regulation of myeloperoxidase activity. J Surg Res. 2014 Jan;186(1):436-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2013.09.003. Epub 2013 Sep 29. PMID: 24120240.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Li Y, Lai Y, Wang Y, Liu N, Zhang F, Xu P. 1, 8-Cineol Protect Against Influenza-Virus-Induced Pneumonia in Mice. Inflammation. 2016 Aug;39(4):1582-93. doi: 10.1007/s10753-016-0394-3. PMID: 27351430.
Go to source
Wissenschaftlichae Studie
Koennecke M, Benecke F, Masche A, Linke R, Bruchhage KL, Pries R, Klimek L, Wollenberg B. Increased phosphorylation of eNOS in nasal polyps of chronic rhinosinusitis patients can be diminished by 1,8-cineol. Nitric Oxide. 2018 Aug 1;78:89-94. doi: 10.1016/j.niox.2018.06.002. Epub 2018 Jun 6. PMID: 29885366.
Go to source
Wissenschaftlicher Review
Mukhtar YM, Adu-Frimpong M, Xu X, Yu J. Biochemical significance of limonene and its metabolites: future prospects for designing and developing highly potent anticancer drugs. Biosci Rep. 2018 Nov 13;38(6):BSR20181253. doi: 10.1042/BSR20181253. PMID: 30287506; PMCID: PMC6239267.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Ma L, Chen J, Han H, Liu P, Wang H, Lin S, Zhang Q, Lu D, Zhang X. Effects of lemon essential oil and limonene on the progress of early caries: An in vitro study. Arch Oral Biol. 2020 Mar;111:104638. doi: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2019.104638. Epub 2019 Dec 23. PMID: 31901573.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Kafle OP, Cheng S, Ma M, Li P, Cheng B, Zhang L, Wen Y, Liang C, Qi X, Zhang F. Identifying insomnia-related chemicals through integrative analysis of genome-wide association studies and chemical-genes interaction information. Sleep. 2020 Sep 14;43(9):zsaa042. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsaa042. PMID: 32170308.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Bien-Aime S, Yu W, Uhrich KE. Pinosylvin-Based Polymers: Biodegradable Poly(Anhydride-Esters) for Extended Release of Antibacterial Pinosylvin. Macromol Biosci. 2016 Jul;16(7):978-83. doi: 10.1002/mabi.201500454. Epub 2016 Apr 13. PMID: 27071713.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Chen MK, Liu YT, Lin JT, Lin CC, Chuang YC, Lo YS, Hsi YT, Hsieh MJ. Pinosylvin reduced migration and invasion of oral cancer carcinoma by regulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Sep;117:109160. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2019.109160. Epub 2019 Jul 1. PMID: 31387166.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Ketola K, Viitala M, Kohonen P, Fey V, Culig Z, Kallioniemi O, Iljin K. High-throughput cell-based compound screen identifies pinosylvin methyl ether and tanshinone IIA as inhibitors of castration-resistant prostate cancer. J Mol Biochem. 2016 Mar 30;5(1):12-22. PMID: 27891324; PMCID: PMC5120689.
Go to source
Wissenschaftlicher Review
Salehi B, Upadhyay S, Erdogan Orhan I, Kumar Jugran A, L D Jayaweera S, A Dias D, Sharopov F, Taheri Y, Martins N, Baghalpour N, Cho WC, Sharifi-Rad J. Therapeutic Potential of α- and β-Pinene: A Miracle Gift of Nature. Biomolecules. 2019 Nov 14;9(11):738. doi: 10.3390/biom9110738. PMID: 31739596; PMCID: PMC6920849.
Go to source
Wissenschaftlicher Review
Hou J, Zhang Y, Zhu Y, Zhou B, Ren C, Liang S, Guo Y. α-Pinene Induces Apoptotic Cell Death via Caspase Activation in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells. Med Sci Monit. 2019 Sep 4;25:6631-6638. doi: 10.12659/MSM.916419. PMID: 31482864; PMCID: PMC6743669.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
John de Oliveira Melo A, Heimarth L, Maria Dos Santos Carvalho A, de Souza Siqueira Quintans J, Serafini MR, Antunes de Souza Araújo A, Alves PB, Ribeiro AM, Shanmugam S, Quintans-Júnior LJ, Duarte MC. Eplingiella fruticosa (Lamiaceae) essential oil complexed with β-cyclodextrin improves its anti-hyperalgesic effect in a chronic widespread non-inflammatory muscle pain animal model. Food Chem Toxicol. 2020 Jan;135:110940. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2019.110940. Epub 2019 Nov 3. PMID: 31693914.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Prof. Dr. M. Moser. Auswirkungen von Zirbenholz als Einrichtungsmaterial auf Kreislauf, Schlaf, Befinden und vegetative Regulation. Joanneum Research - Institut für Nichtinvasive Diagnostik. 2003 Okt;
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Dr. H. Berghold. Zirbenholz - Bioinhibitorische Wirkung. Johanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Insitut für Nachhaltige Techniken und Systeme - Chemisch Technische Pflanzennutzung. 2012 Sep;
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
C. Rieder-Gradinger; Endbericht zum Innovationscheck, Reduktion von Keimen, Feinstaub und Gerüchen; Kompetenzzentrum Holz GmbH; Tu-Wien, Institut für Verfahrenstechnik. 2012 Dez;
Go to source
Wissenschaftlicher Untersuchung
Prof. Dr. H. Stan-Lotter, Universität Salzburg; Mag. J. Aschl, Universität Salzburg; Arvenholz gegen Bakterien Ausz. Untersuchung zur möglichen antibakteriellen Wirkung von Zirbenholz; Universität Salzburg - Insitut für Genetik und Allgemeine Biologie. 2001 Juli
Go to source
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