Last updated: August 6, 2021

Our method

14Products analysed

34Hours spent

15Evaluated articles

105User reviews

A vitamin B deficiency is not uncommon. There are a number of preparations and ways to replenish your vitamin B stores. One popular remedy that is often resorted to is tablets. If you want to learn more about vitamin B tablets, you've come to the right place. In our big vitamin B tablets test 2021 we show you why the B vitamins are so important for our body. We also give you all the information and background on this topic that you need to know.




First of all, the most important things

  • There are 8 different B vitamins that have different functions in the body and show different symptoms when deficient. However, you can get rid of your deficiency of the 8 B vitamins with a tablet.
  • Through the different symptoms, you can often find out which B vitamins your body is lacking. A doctor can examine the blood values to clarify the situation.
  • You can also easily replenish your vitamin B stores with capsules, drops and injections. This can also be done with food.

Best Vitamin B Tablets: Our Picks

Buying and evaluation criteria for vitamin B tablets

When buying vitamin B tablets, you can pay attention to various aspects, such as:

By making the right choice for you, you can save money and also ensure that you don't give your body anything it doesn't need. Therefore, always look for high quality and ask to see the manufacturer's certificates if necessary.

Ingredients / Allergies

When choosing and buying vitamin B tablets, you should always check the ingredients. Not all medicines have the same ingredients. This can also play an important role with regard to allergies and intolerances. Among other things, the following ingredients can be found in medicines:

  • Gelatine
  • Folic acid
  • Biotin
  • Allergens
  • Magnesium stearate (controversial substance)

There are also medicines that can be integrated into a vegan diet. So here too, it is best to look at the package leaflet and find out about the ingredients contained.

Quantity and dosage

In general, you should always pay attention to the amount of medication contained in the package when buying medication.

When buying medicines, always look at the quantity included compared to the price, as well as the recommended daily dosage.

Not all packs contain the same amount. If the costs differ between two packs, but there are also different numbers of tablets in them, for example, the price difference is explained. You should also consider how many tablets you need to take per day. Not all medicines have the same recommended daily intake. That is why you should take this into account before you buy, depending on the amount contained. Here you can fall into a trap with the prices of the tablets.

Side effects

The side effects of vitamin B tablets can vary, depending on the additional ingredients and the type of vitamin B. Side effects do not have to occur for everyone In addition, when side effects do occur, they are not the same for every person. The following side effects, among others, can occur:

  • Sleep problem
  • Gastrointestinal problem
  • Higher nervousness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Forgetfulness
  • Hypersensitivity

This list does not include all possible side effects. As already mentioned, they can vary depending on the vitamin and the person. It is best to read the package leaflet for each medicine. There you will find all the possible side effects that can occur.

You should always read the package leaflet for each medicine you take.

Covering your daily needs

Depending on the dosage of the tablets, you may not get all the B vitamins you need. Before buying, find out which vitamins are in which dosage to cover your daily vitamin B requirements. Depending on the vitamin, it may be that only individual B vitamins are covered and the deficiency you suffer from remains unaffected. In this article, we also show you how much vitamin B is needed daily to give you an overview.

Guide: Frequently asked questions about vitamin B tablets answered in detail

In order to inform you comprehensively about the effectiveness of vitamin B tablets and to give you an understanding of the current state of science, we have summarised all the important information in the following sections.

What are B vitamins?

The B vitamins have several central tasks in our body. They are vitamins that our body cannot produce on its own. This means that they can only enter our body through food intake.

Vitamin B supports many important tasks in our body. However, you can compensate for a vitamin B deficiency quite easily by taking tablets. (Image source: MasterTux / Pixabay)

The B vitamins are water-soluble, unlike vitamins A, D, E and K, which are fat-soluble. This is the clear disadvantage of vitamins that are water-soluble: they cannot be stored. They must therefore be taken regularly. All in all, today there are 8 different B vitamins which have different functions in the body. The B vitamins are generally needed for metabolic processes, but also have many other functions. Furthermore, they are important for:

  • Hormone production
  • Blood circulation
  • Blood formation
  • Nerve function
  • Fat metabolism

This list does not include all the functions for which vitamin B is responsible in our body. In the next section we will show you the 8 different types of vitamin B and how they work in our body.

What types of B vitamins are there and how do they work?

There are a total of 8 different types of vitamin B, which we will briefly introduce to you in the following table:
Vitamin Description
Vitamin B1 This vitamin helps our body to get energy from the carbohydrates we eat. It is therefore responsible for our carbohydrate metabolism. It also helps in the formation of blood and digestion. (1)
Vitamin B2 Vitamin B2 also helps with energy production. however, its most important supporting role is in liver detoxification. In addition, vitamin B2 also helps in the defence of the immune system and the formation of red blood cells. It also helps to keep nails, skin and hair healthy. (2)
Vitamin B3 Just like the first two B vitamins, vitamin B3 also helps in energy production. We also need it for cell formation and muscle regeneration. It also plays a very important role in cholesterol and fat metabolism. It regulates blood lipids. (3)
Vitamin B5 Vitamin B5 is significantly responsible for the healing of wounds, as it helps our body to regenerate. It also helps the body maintain normal metabolism of carbohydrates, protein, fat and cholesterol. In addition, it ensures that we can maintain our mental performance. (4)
Vitamin B7 Vitamin B7 plays an important role in maintaining healthy hair, nails and skin. It promotes the formation of new hair roots and nail beds. It also plays a functional role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fat and protein. It also helps the mucous membranes in our body.(5)
Vitamin B9 DAs Vitamin B9 is jointly responsible for all processes of growth and cell division. This is precisely why pregnant women have a higher need for vitamin B9. Doctors therefore often recommend an increased intake of it during pregnancy. (6)
Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 is very important for our body, especially for the renewal of cells and for well-functioning nerves. It is also important for activating vitamin B9. (7)

When and for whom is it useful to take vitamin B tablets?

It makes sense for all people who notice the symptoms mentioned above. To be really sure, you can always consult a doctor to find out exactly which vitamins are missing in your body. Those who experience general symptoms such as the following can consider a vitamin B deficiency:

  • Insomnia
  • Exhaustion
  • Depressive moods
  • Fatigue
  • Less performance
  • Sensory disturbances

Due to the wide-ranging tasks of the B vitamins, symptoms are not so easy to identify. In addition, other diseases can also cause these symptoms.

If you notice these symptoms frequently, a visit to your family doctor is advisable.

How do you notice a vitamin B deficiency?

Vitamin B deficiency can cause a variety of symptoms. The symptoms are very unspecific and wide-ranging due to the many tasks of the vitamins. That is why a diagnosis of a deficiency is often not so easy to identify. Doctors can make a more precise diagnosis by examining the blood values. The following list shows you an overview of possible specific symptoms of the B vitamins:
Vitamin deficiency symptoms
B1 memory impairment, muscle weakness, heart failure (8)
B3 inflammation of the oral mucosa, disorders of the digestive tract, red, cracked and scaly skin (9)
B6 Muscle weakness, skin inflammation, depression, sleep disorders (10)
B7 Cracked nails, hair loss, conjunctivitis, brittle skin, sensory disturbances (11)
B6, B9, B12 Anaemia, anaemia, neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases, stroke (12)

Among other things, these symptoms can arise from a deficiency of the respective B vitamins. Again, these symptoms can vary from person to person. Other symptoms can also occur; only common symptoms have been listed here, not all of them.

Can you take too much vitamin B?

An overdose of vitamin B is almost impossible to achieve through normal food intake. The only way to achieve this is through an increased intake through dietary supplements.

You can also get a lot of vitamin B with cereals. (Image source: Nyana Stoica / unsplash)

Because B vitamins are water-soluble, excess vitamins are excreted by the kidneys. Symptoms of an overdose are only known for 3 B vitamins: An overdose of B6 is very difficult to achieve. However, if this does happen, it can lead to numbness in the arms and legs. This can be accompanied by reflex failures and paralysis.(13) Too much B9 is almost impossible to achieve, even with supplements. However, if it is reached, it can lead to sleep problems, disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract and increased nervousness.(14) Too much vitamin B12 in the body can lead to loss of appetite, attacks of dizziness, weight loss and forgetfulness.(15) Excess vitamin B is normally simply excreted by the body. So you see, an overdose of vitamin B is almost impossible.

How to dose vitamin B tablets?

How you dose vitamin B tablets depends on which tablets you choose. It also depends on how big your vitamin B deficiency is. It also depends on how much vitamin B is contained in a tablet. How much you need and how to dose it depends very much on the person.

The dosage of the medication varies. The best thing is to look at the package leaflet.

There is also an instruction leaflet in every pack. You should find the most important information about your tablets in it. If the dosage is not already shown on the outside of the package, you can certainly find it on the package leaflet. If you are still unsure or have questions, you can always ask your pharmacist or doctor. This way you can clarify any open questions or concerns.

How much vitamin B do I need every day?

The daily requirement of B vitamins depends on gender and age. We have listed the approximate daily requirement and the food in which they occur in the following table.
Vitamin Women Men Occurrence
B1 1 mg 1.1-1.3 mg Whole grain products, brown rice, muscle meat
B2 1.0 - 1.1 mg 1.3 - 1.4 mg Meat, dairy products, fish
B3 11 - 13 mg 14 - 16 mg Poultry, fish, offal
B5 6 mg 6 mg Dairy products, eggs, liver
B6 1.4 mg 1.6 mg Whole grain products, potatoes, chicken
B7 30 - 60 ug 30 - 60 ug Egg yolk, liver, oatmeal
B9 300 ug 300 ug Green vegetables, egg yolk, soybeans
B12 4 ug 4 ug Fish, meat, eggs

Again, this table does not list all the foods that can be taken with the B vitamins. We have only given you a few examples; it is best to inform yourself intensively about which foods you can also take the respective vitamin with.

What alternatives are there to vitamin B tablets?

If you have a vitamin B deficiency, tablets are of course a great way to supply your body with the vitamin B it lacks. However, tablets are not the only alternative. You can also take vitamin B through other preparations. In general, you have 3 alternatives to vitamin B tablets:

  • Capsules
  • Injection
  • Drops/ Spray

Each alternative differs in the way it is taken, which results in different advantages and disadvantages. We will briefly introduce you to the preparations mentioned and show you the respective advantages and disadvantages.

Capsules

In contrast to tablets, capsules are usually produced without additional substances and are therefore usually easier to integrate into a vegan diet. Overall, they are the purest and highest quality form.

Advantages
  • High purity
  • Hardly any additives
  • No taste of their own due to encapsulation
  • Often contain several active ingredients
Disadvantages
  • Must be swallowed in one piece

Of course, with any form of ingestion you should pay attention to the ingredients and keep an eye on the naturalness of the contents.

Injection

If you are not afraid of injections, injections are a good alternative to tablets to replenish your vitamin B stores. They are perfect for the beginning of a therapy because they quickly help to compensate for a major deficiency.

Advantages
  • High dosage possibility
  • Does not pass through the intestine
Disadvantages
  • Unpleasant to use
  • Limited active ingredients

Injections are only recommended in the case of a major deficiency, and only under extreme caution.

Drops / spray

Drops are one of the easiest forms of vitamin B intake. For those who have problems swallowing capsules or tablets, drops are an optimal solution. Since they are taken orally, they are absorbed directly by the oral mucosa and do not have to be digested first.

Advantages
  • Very easy to take
  • Direct absorption of the active ingredients
  • Direct effect
  • Dosage can be individually adjusted
Disadvantages
  • Rather smaller packages available
  • Shorter shelf life
  • May contain additives

Drops are used very often, especially for children. By mixing them with a tasty drink, the intake can also be made very tasty.

Image source: Margarita Zueva / unsplash

References (15)

1. Lothar Burgerstein: Handbuch Nährstoffe. Vorbeugen und heilen durch ausgewogene Ernährung: Alles über Spurenelemente, Vitamine und Mineralstoffe. 10. Aufl. Stuttgart: Haug, 2010, S. 91-94.
Source

2. Wolfgang Bayer & Karlheinz Schmidt: Vitamine in Prävention und Therapie : 75 Tabellen. Hippokrates-Verlag, Stuttgart 1991.
Source

3. Alexandra Schek. Ernährungslehre kompakt. Kompendium der Ernährungslehre für Studierende der Ernährungswissenschaft, Medizin und Naturwissenschaften und zur Ausbildung von Ernährungsfachkräften. Umschau Zeitschriftenverlag, Frankfurt am Main 2002.
Source

4. Leitzmann, C. et al.: Ernährung in Prävention und Therapie, Hippokrates Verlag, 3. Auflage, 2009
Source

5. Heseker, H. & Stahl, A.: Biotin: Vorkommen, Funktionen, Physiologie, Referenzwerte und Versorgung in Deutschland, Ernährungs Umschau, Nr. 5 (2009)
Source

6. Biesalski HK, Bischoff SC, Puchstein C (Hrsg.): Folsäure. In: Ernährungsmedizin. 4., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, Georg Thieme Verlag 2010, 181-189
Source

7. Hahn, A., Ströhle, A., Wolters, M.: Ernährung – Physiologische Grundlagen, Prävention, Therapie. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, 100-105 (2005).
Source

8. Leitzmann, C., Müller, C., Michel, P., Brehme, U., Hahn, A., Laube, H. Ernährung in Prävention und Therapie. 40 2005 Hippokrates Verlag in MVS Medizinverlage Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG
Source

9. Lothar Burgerstein. Handbuch Nährstoffe. Vorbeugen und heilen durch ausgewogene Ernährung: Alles über Spurenelemente, Vitamine und Mineralstoffe. Trias, Stuttgart 2012.
Source

10. Pietrzik, K. et al.: Handbuch Vitamine, Urban & Fischer Verlag, 2008
Source

11. Mock DM (2007) Biotin. In: Zem- pleni J, Rucker RB, McCormick DB, Suttie JW (Hg) Handbook of vita- mins. 2. Auflage, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 361–384
Source

12. Klein, T.: Volkskrankheit Vitamin-B12-Mangel, Hygeia-Verlag, 7. Auflage, 2015
Source

13. Smith AD, Smith SM, de Jager CA, Whitbread P, Johnston C, Agacinski G, Oulhaj A, Bradley KM, Jacoby R, Refsum H. Homocysteine-lowering by B vitamins slows the rate of accelerated brain atrophy in mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2010 Sep 8;5(9):e12244. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012244. PMID: 20838622; PMCID: PMC2935890.
Source

14. Ionescu-Ittu, R. et al: Prevalence of severe congenital heart disease after folic acid fortification of grain products: time trend analysis in Quebec, Canada, in: British Medical Journal (2009), Ausgabe 338, b1673.
Source

15. Watanabe T, Kaji R, Oka N, Bara W, Kimura J. Ultra-high dose methylcobalamin promotes nerve regeneration in experimental acrylamide neuropathy. J Neurol Sci. 1994 Apr;122(2):140-3. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(94)90290-9. PMID: 8021696.
Source

Why you can trust me?

Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Lothar Burgerstein: Handbuch Nährstoffe. Vorbeugen und heilen durch ausgewogene Ernährung: Alles über Spurenelemente, Vitamine und Mineralstoffe. 10. Aufl. Stuttgart: Haug, 2010, S. 91-94.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Wolfgang Bayer & Karlheinz Schmidt: Vitamine in Prävention und Therapie : 75 Tabellen. Hippokrates-Verlag, Stuttgart 1991.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Alexandra Schek. Ernährungslehre kompakt. Kompendium der Ernährungslehre für Studierende der Ernährungswissenschaft, Medizin und Naturwissenschaften und zur Ausbildung von Ernährungsfachkräften. Umschau Zeitschriftenverlag, Frankfurt am Main 2002.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Leitzmann, C. et al.: Ernährung in Prävention und Therapie, Hippokrates Verlag, 3. Auflage, 2009
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Heseker, H. & Stahl, A.: Biotin: Vorkommen, Funktionen, Physiologie, Referenzwerte und Versorgung in Deutschland, Ernährungs Umschau, Nr. 5 (2009)
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Biesalski HK, Bischoff SC, Puchstein C (Hrsg.): Folsäure. In: Ernährungsmedizin. 4., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, Georg Thieme Verlag 2010, 181-189
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Hahn, A., Ströhle, A., Wolters, M.: Ernährung – Physiologische Grundlagen, Prävention, Therapie. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, 100-105 (2005).
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Leitzmann, C., Müller, C., Michel, P., Brehme, U., Hahn, A., Laube, H. Ernährung in Prävention und Therapie. 40 2005 Hippokrates Verlag in MVS Medizinverlage Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Lothar Burgerstein. Handbuch Nährstoffe. Vorbeugen und heilen durch ausgewogene Ernährung: Alles über Spurenelemente, Vitamine und Mineralstoffe. Trias, Stuttgart 2012.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Pietrzik, K. et al.: Handbuch Vitamine, Urban & Fischer Verlag, 2008
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Mock DM (2007) Biotin. In: Zem- pleni J, Rucker RB, McCormick DB, Suttie JW (Hg) Handbook of vita- mins. 2. Auflage, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 361–384
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Literatur
Klein, T.: Volkskrankheit Vitamin-B12-Mangel, Hygeia-Verlag, 7. Auflage, 2015
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Smith AD, Smith SM, de Jager CA, Whitbread P, Johnston C, Agacinski G, Oulhaj A, Bradley KM, Jacoby R, Refsum H. Homocysteine-lowering by B vitamins slows the rate of accelerated brain atrophy in mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2010 Sep 8;5(9):e12244. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012244. PMID: 20838622; PMCID: PMC2935890.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Ionescu-Ittu, R. et al: Prevalence of severe congenital heart disease after folic acid fortification of grain products: time trend analysis in Quebec, Canada, in: British Medical Journal (2009), Ausgabe 338, b1673.
Go to source
Wissenschaftliche Studie
Watanabe T, Kaji R, Oka N, Bara W, Kimura J. Ultra-high dose methylcobalamin promotes nerve regeneration in experimental acrylamide neuropathy. J Neurol Sci. 1994 Apr;122(2):140-3. doi: 10.1016/0022-510x(94)90290-9. PMID: 8021696.
Go to source
Reviews