LED floodlights are all-rounders in the field of lighting technology because of their versatile applications. Compared to halogen floodlights, they are much more energy-efficient and durable, which is why they are becoming increasingly popular. Among other things, they are suitable for the illumination of terraces and gardens, for use on sports fields and for use in the event industry.
With our large LED floodlight test 2021, we want to help you find the perfect LED floodlight for you. For this purpose, we have compared different models, worked out the advantages and disadvantages of the different types of LED floodlights and compiled the most important purchase criteria for you.
- 1 Weekly newsletter with the best personal finance tips
- 2 Summary
- 3 The Best LED Floodlight: Our Choices
- 4 Buying and evaluation criteria for LED floodlight
- 5 Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying an LED floodlight
- 5.1 What is special about an LED floodlight and what advantages does it offer?
- 5.2 What types of LED floodlights are there?
- 5.3 For whom is an LED floodlight suitable?
- 5.4 What are the alternatives to LED floodlights?
- 5.5 What does an LED floodlight cost?
- 5.6 What light output should an LED floodlight have?
- 5.7 What colour temperature should I choose for an LED floodlight?
- An LED floodlight is a light source with LED lamps that is mainly suitable for illuminating outdoor areas. There are LED floodlights with motion detectors or without motion detectors. Both product types have different advantages and disadvantages. Which product type is right for you depends on your requirements for the floodlight.
- For the brightness, the number of lumens and the beam angle are decisive. For the colour tone, on the other hand, the number of Kelvin produced by the LED floodlight is decisive. The choice of luminous intensity and light colour depends on the location and the area to be illuminated by the LED floodlight.
- LED floodlights have a low power consumption and a long service life. They are more energy-efficient than halogen floodlights and less expensive to purchase than alternatives that are similarly energy-efficient.
The Best LED Floodlight: Our Choices
Buying and evaluation criteria for LED floodlight
When searching for the perfect LED floodlight, you will find many different models on the internet. In this section, we want to show you which criteria you should consider when buying in order to find the perfect model for you.
The criteria with which you can compare the different LED floodlights with each other include:
When assessing the brightness of LED lamps, it is not sufficient to consider the wattage, as is the case with conventional light bulbs. To judge how bright an LED lamp is, several factors must be taken into account.
The luminous flux in lumens indicates how much light is emitted by an LED. When assessing the luminous flux, the beam angle must also be taken into account, which also has an influence on the brightness of a lamp.
Lamps with a smaller beam angle are brighter in spots than lamps with a larger beam angle.
The luminous intensity is given in candela and makes it possible to compare the brightness of LED lamps with different beam angles. The luminous intensity indicates how bright a lamp is in relation to the solid angle. However, this unit is not specified by all manufacturers, as the consideration of lumens is more common.
How many lumens an LED lamp should have depends on the particular location where the lamp is to be used. When used indoors, the colour of the furnishings also plays a role. A dark interior absorbs more light than a light one.
The colour temperature of LED lamps is given in Kelvin. With different numbers of Kelvin, the mood that the LED lamp conveys differs. The following table lists the three different colour temperatures:
|Kelvin count||colour temperature|
|2,700 to 3,250 Kelvin||warm white|
|3,250 to 5,250 Kelvin||neutral white|
|5,250 to 8,000 Kelvin||cool white|
Lamps whose colour temperature corresponds to warm white contain a higher red or yellow component and therefore have a cosier effect. Neutral white light, on the other hand, contains a higher blue component and thus appears cooler. Cold white is also called daylight white because this light is particularly bright and intense.
LED lamps with up to 10,000 Kelvin are suitable for outdoor use or in aquariums, but not for indoor use.
Protection class and degree of protection
The protection class indicates whether and how the protective earth conductor must be connected. It describes the protection against electric shocks of the lamp in case of an operating helper. Three protection classes are defined, which are shown in the table below:
|Protection class||Description||Connection of the protective conductor|
|Protection class I||Protected by a protective conductor on the mains side||Protective conductor must be connected|
|Protection class II||Double insulation between the mains circuit and the metal housing||Connection of the protective conductor is not usually necessary|
|Protection class III||Contain a protective extra-low voltage||The protective conductor on the mains side must not be connected|
The protection class is often confused with the IP protection rating. This indicates how well the lamp is protected against the ingress of liquids or foreign bodies. The protection class is particularly important when buying a lamp for outdoor use.
The IP protection class is indicated by two digits. The first digit describes the protection against foreign bodies and the second the protection against liquids. For example, the IP65 protection class stands for a dust-tight lamp that is protected against water jets.
Type of power supply
The type of power supply can be distinguished between three power sources:
- Mains cable
- Solar panel
LED floodlights that are supplied with power via a rechargeable battery can be used in mobile applications. Therefore, this type of power supply is often used for construction spotlights. As a rule, a lithium-ion battery is used. The decisive factor here is the power of the battery.
LED floodlights that are connected directly to the power source via a mains cable have only limited mobile use and must be placed near a power source. The advantage of this type of power supply, however, is the long service life.
An LED spotlight with a solar panel has the advantage that the spotlight can also be placed in a location where there is no power source. This makes this type of power supply ideal for use in the garden.
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying an LED floodlight
Before buying an LED floodlight, you should consider a few aspects to ensure that you find the right product for you. In the following, we will answer the most important questions about LED floodlights.
What is special about an LED floodlight and what advantages does it offer?
- Lower power consumption: LED lamps consume significantly less power than halogen lamps and are therefore more efficient. Unlike incandescent bulbs, which also produce a lot of heat when they generate light, LEDs use electricity directly to generate light.
- Long life: LED lamps allow a higher number of switching cycles. Therefore, they can be switched on and off more often, which extends the life of LED lamps.
- Do not contain hazardous substances: LED floodlights do not contain hazardous substances and therefore do not pose a danger if a lamp is dropped.
- Instantaneous luminous flux: LED lamps do not have long ignition or switching times and reach their maximum luminosity immediately after being switched on. This makes them easier on the eyes.
Although LED floodlights are somewhat more expensive to purchase than halogen floodlights, this purchase pays off in the long term due to the higher energy efficiency and the longer service life.
LED floodlights are also ahead in terms of environmental protection. Due to the low power consumption and the longer usability of LED floodlights, the environmental impact is lower than that of halogen floodlights.
What types of LED floodlights are there?
LED floodlights with motion detector
LED floodlights with motion detectors are particularly suitable for outdoor use, for example in the garden or in the entrance area of the house. The great advantage of this type of LED floodlight is that the light switches on automatically as soon as you are near the floodlight.
This type of LED floodlight also offers additional safety. A LED floodlight with motion detector can help to protect the house from burglars.
LED floodlight without motion detector
An LED floodlight without motion detector can be used both outdoors and indoors. With these models, the floodlight must be switched on and off manually. In return, however, the light is on even if you do not move for a longer period of time.
In contrast to LED floodlights with motion sensors, these models do not have a built-in brightness sensor. Therefore, with this type of LED floodlight, you have to remember to switch the light off again.
For whom is an LED floodlight suitable?
LED floodlights are also suitable for illuminating garages, workshops, halls or sports fields. There are also special LED floodlights for construction sites. These are often equipped with a rechargeable battery.
In addition, LED floodlights are also used in the event industry for event technology, as LED floodlights are available in different colours.
What are the alternatives to LED floodlights?
- Induction lighting
- Halogen floodlight
- Gas discharge floodlight
An alternative that has similar properties to LED floodlights is induction lighting. This is similarly expensive to purchase and, like the LED lamps, has a long service life and low power consumption.
Halogen floodlights are another alternative to LED floodlights. Although they are cheaper to buy, they have a shorter service life and are not as energy-efficient as LED floodlights.
Gas discharge floodlights are another alternative to LED floodlights. The metal vapour floodlights, also called HQI floodlights, are the successors of the mercury floodlights. Sodium vapour gas discharge lamps, which are mainly used in road construction, were also developed from this technology.
HQI floodlights are primarily suitable for illuminating very large areas.
The metal halide floodlights are often used for sports fields or in halls. The gas discharge floodlights have a very high light output. However, they need around 8 minutes to start up completely. They are usually only available from specialist dealers and are relatively expensive.
What does an LED floodlight cost?
|Type of floodlight||price range|
|LED floodlight without motion detector||10 to 130 euros|
|LED floodlight with motion detector||17 to 80 euros|
As can be seen in the table, there are also models of LED floodlights without motion detectors that are significantly more expensive than LED floodlights with motion detectors. These models are usually large spotlights that are suitable for illuminating large areas.
What light output should an LED floodlight have?
How many lumens an LED floodlight should have depends on the size of the area to be illuminated.
For an outdoor wall luminaire, 400 to 600 lumens are usually sufficient.
However, if you are looking for a powerful outdoor floodlight to illuminate a larger area, it should emit several thousand lumens.
What colour temperature should I choose for an LED floodlight?
Neutral white light is achieved with 3,250 to 5,250 Kelvin. This colour temperature is suitable for outdoor spotlights, large halls and cellars. In industry, floodlights with a cool white colour temperature are generally used. This is achieved with 5,250 to 8,000 Kelvin.
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